Dental Health Ashley Nagel Session #4 2010
Plaque <ul><li>Consists of microorganisms and extracellular matrix </li></ul><ul><li>-Microorganisms: streptococcus mutans...
Dental Calculus <ul><li>Mineralized plaque that attaches to the tooth surface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Supra-gingival: attac...
Dental Caries Range in size and shape Demineralization of enamel by the waste products of oral bacteria. S. mutans, S. aur...
And so does everything!
Factors <ul><li>The two main factors influencing both caries and calculus are oral hygiene and diet </li></ul>
Dietary Factors Complex carbohydrates survive longer in oral cavity, consumed over longer duration Carbohydrates more easi...
Refined V. Unrefined Food Texture Refinement and processing influence clearance time from oral cavity Food boiling and pro...
Oral hygiene <ul><li>Fluoride Exposure </li></ul>
 
Periodontal disease <ul><li>Plaque, hygiene and diet influence periodontal disease </li></ul><ul><li>Bacteria from plaque,...
 
Romans? <ul><li>= </li></ul>
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Sanisera Fieldschool 2010, session 4: Dental Health, by Ashley Nagel

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Sanisera Fieldschool 2010, session 4: Dental Health, by Ashley Nagel

  1. 1. Dental Health Ashley Nagel Session #4 2010
  2. 2. Plaque <ul><li>Consists of microorganisms and extracellular matrix </li></ul><ul><li>-Microorganisms: streptococcus mutans and anaerobes (bacterias) </li></ul><ul><li>-Extracellular matrix: proteins, lipids and polysaccharids </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dental Calculus <ul><li>Mineralized plaque that attaches to the tooth surface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Supra-gingival: attaches to cervical crown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Sub-gingival: attaches to root surface </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shows up mostly on lingual surfaces of anterior teeth and buccal surfaces of molars </li></ul><ul><li>Amount of dental calculus is scored on a 3 point scale (1 being slight, 3 being considerable) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dental Caries Range in size and shape Demineralization of enamel by the waste products of oral bacteria. S. mutans, S. aureus
  5. 5. And so does everything!
  6. 6. Factors <ul><li>The two main factors influencing both caries and calculus are oral hygiene and diet </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dietary Factors Complex carbohydrates survive longer in oral cavity, consumed over longer duration Carbohydrates more easily digested by oral bacteria, create acidic waste easier Sucrose, starch Saliva neutralizes oral pH and breaks down food particles
  8. 8. Refined V. Unrefined Food Texture Refinement and processing influence clearance time from oral cavity Food boiling and processing breaks down cell walls and releases carbohydrates
  9. 9. Oral hygiene <ul><li>Fluoride Exposure </li></ul>
  10. 11. Periodontal disease <ul><li>Plaque, hygiene and diet influence periodontal disease </li></ul><ul><li>Bacteria from plaque, dental calculus and from the mouth in general start to make their way to the periodontal ligaments and aveolar region </li></ul><ul><li>As a response against the bacteria an immune response is started </li></ul><ul><li>This response causes irritation and inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>As the inflammation increases the collagen fibers become disrupted and the legion begins to grow </li></ul><ul><li>With an expanding legion and more inflammation a loss of ligament attachments occur </li></ul><ul><li>This can result in tooth loss and bone loss </li></ul>
  11. 13. Romans? <ul><li>= </li></ul>
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