Christian Catacombs<br />By Lisa Griffith<br />Session 4, 2010<br />
Similarities:  Pagan and Early Christian Burials<br />Early Christian funeral structures evolved from Roman pagan funerary...
Roman pagans favored burial in family groups regardless of religious belief<br />Christians, by 200AD required burial apar...
Catacombs<br />First built in late 200s, early 300s AD<br />In areas where property values above ground were high<br />Sof...
Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
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Sanisera Fieldschool 2010, session 4: Christian Catacombs, by Lisa Griffith

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Sanisera Fieldschool 2010, session 4: Christian Catacombs, by Lisa Griffith

  1. 1. Christian Catacombs<br />By Lisa Griffith<br />Session 4, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Similarities: Pagan and Early Christian Burials<br />Early Christian funeral structures evolved from Roman pagan funerary architecture<br />Both rituals required a burial place and a place for memorial services<br />Funeral banquet<br />Standard architectural elements for both Roman and early Christian burials were:<br />Clearly identified tomb – occasionally with a table top<br />For the banquet either a tomb chamber with mourners’ benches or couches, or a separate room<br />
  3. 3. Roman pagans favored burial in family groups regardless of religious belief<br />Christians, by 200AD required burial apart from pagans<br />Roman lower classes were generally cremated and remains were placed in a columbaria<br />Christians did not believe in cremation and needed an inexpensive alternative since most were not wealthy<br /> Burial location had to accommodate large Christian congregations<br />Above-ground cemeteries<br />Underground catacombs<br />Differences: Pagan and Early Christian Burials<br />
  4. 4. Catacombs<br />First built in late 200s, early 300s AD<br />In areas where property values above ground were high<br />Soft rock for low labor costs<br />Only built in Sicily, North Africa, Naples and Rome<br />Abandoned after late 500s, early 600s AD <br />Land values collapsed and labor force decreased due to political and economic catastrophes<br />
  5. 5. Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
  6. 6. Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
  7. 7. Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
  8. 8. Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
  9. 9. Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
  10. 10. Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
  11. 11. Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
  12. 12. Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
  13. 13. Fromclasslectureby Prof. Nicola Denzey, Harvard University<br />
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