Forensic Arts <ul><li>FACIAL RECONSTRUCTION FROM SKELETAL REMAINS </li></ul>
<ul><li>Fundamental in forensic science as a method for identifying bodies </li></ul><ul><li>But why in archaeology/paleo ...
Why? <ul><li>Characterisation of individuals of certain societies </li></ul><ul><li>Humanisation; tangible impression of i...
How? <ul><li>3 main approaches: ‘Russian’, ‘American’, ‘Manchester’ </li></ul>
Problems <ul><li>Range and depth of skills needed  </li></ul><ul><li>Ambiguous variables </li></ul><ul><li>Differences bet...
Problems <ul><li>Very invasive without use of virtual anthropology (VA) </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-aided reconstruction re...
Problems <ul><li>Forensic accuracy (identification):  Will and William West, 1903 </li></ul>
Examples
Harwa: Egyptian nobleman, 1st millennium BC
Francesco Gonzaga, prominent nobleman of Italian Renaissance  and son of Isabella d’Este
Fayoum Mummies and accompanying portraits Late Roman/Early Coptic period, Egypt
Mummies 1770 and Sensaos
Philip II, father to Alexander III of Macedon
Tutankhamun - pharaoh, post-Amarna (kind of obscure)
 
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Sanisera Field School 2011, Forensic arts, by Nouran F. Koriem

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Sanisera Field School 2011, Forensic arts, by Nouran F. Koriem

  1. 1. Forensic Arts <ul><li>FACIAL RECONSTRUCTION FROM SKELETAL REMAINS </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Fundamental in forensic science as a method for identifying bodies </li></ul><ul><li>But why in archaeology/paleo anthropology? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why? <ul><li>Characterisation of individuals of certain societies </li></ul><ul><li>Humanisation; tangible impression of individuals from the past </li></ul><ul><li>Visualising evolution </li></ul>Australopithecus afarensis
  4. 4. How? <ul><li>3 main approaches: ‘Russian’, ‘American’, ‘Manchester’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Problems <ul><li>Range and depth of skills needed </li></ul><ul><li>Ambiguous variables </li></ul><ul><li>Differences between ethnic groups, sexes, ages </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental factors - Landau </li></ul>
  6. 6. Problems <ul><li>Very invasive without use of virtual anthropology (VA) </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-aided reconstruction requires sophisticated techniques. These are controlled by few teams in the world </li></ul>
  7. 7. Problems <ul><li>Forensic accuracy (identification): Will and William West, 1903 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples
  9. 9. Harwa: Egyptian nobleman, 1st millennium BC
  10. 10. Francesco Gonzaga, prominent nobleman of Italian Renaissance and son of Isabella d’Este
  11. 11. Fayoum Mummies and accompanying portraits Late Roman/Early Coptic period, Egypt
  12. 12. Mummies 1770 and Sensaos
  13. 13. Philip II, father to Alexander III of Macedon
  14. 14. Tutankhamun - pharaoh, post-Amarna (kind of obscure)
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