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Pre roman vs roman glass Ashley Brennaman

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  • As early as 3,300 years ago, ritual instructions for glassmaking in Mesopotamia were written on clay tablets in a cuneiform script
  • Workshop creation into ingots – ingots shipped to 2nd workshop – molded into vessels & beads; Phoenicians: traded throughout Mediterranean including with Egyptians and Greeks
  • Transcript

    • 1. Ashley Brennaman August 25, 2012 Session 6
    • 2. Ancient Glassmaking 4000 years ago Mesopotamia Sand, Alkali (Soda) & Lime Core forming technique Coloration: mimic precious stones
    • 3. Mediterranean Glass Trade  Phoenician trade  Maritime bases in the Balearic Islands (Ibiza)  Rich Phoenician tombs with grave goods: Almuñécar, Ibiza, Mallo rca  Exported precious metals, jewelry & glass vessels
    • 4. Examples: Pre-Roman
    • 5. Punte de Noy, Almuñécar Laurita Necropolis, Almuñécar Puig Des Molins, Ibiza Goddess Tanit Puig Des Molins, Ibiza
    • 6. This Week at the Cave
    • 7. Roman Glass 2nd century BC/ Hellenistic period: Mosaic glass technique 1st century AD: Glass blowing technique
    • 8. References The Corning Museum of Glass: http://www.cmog.org/ http://www.costatropical.net/Almunecar/Almunecar_Monuments_La urita_Necropolis.asp http://www.costatropical.net/Almunecar/Almunecar_Monuments_No y_Bridge.asp A Rossella, D Ferrari & G Vezzalini (2012) “Pre-Roman glass from Mozia (Sicily-Italy): the first archaeometrical data”. Journal of Archaeological Science 39: 3396-3401. M Garcia-Heras, JMA Rincon, A Jimeno & MA Villegas (2005) “Pre- Roman coloured glass beads from the Iberian Peninsula: a chemico- physical characterisation study”. Journal of Archaeological Science 32: 727- 738. MS Walton, A Shortland, S Kirk & P Degryse (2009) “Evidence for the trade of Mesopotamian and Egyptian glass to Mycenaean Greece”. Journal of Archaeological Science 36: 1496-1503.