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Lead roman ships
Lead roman ships
Lead roman ships
Lead roman ships
Lead roman ships
Lead roman ships
Lead roman ships
Lead roman ships
Lead roman ships
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Lead roman ships

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Underwater Archaeology Field School.

Underwater Archaeology Field School.

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  1. Nautical Uses of Lead in Roman Times A Presentation by Ivor Mollema
  2. Chronology• Use of lead very common in Ancient World• Nautical use mainly from 3rd c. BC till 2nd c. AD for Romans• But, several examples found later: – Femina Morta wreck 300 AD
  3. Uses• Sheathing• Caulking• Anchors• Pumps• Oars• Cooking Gear• Fishing Gear• Containers
  4. Sheathing• From Keel to Waterline – Copper Tacks – Second Strake above Water – Overlapping• Guards against marine growth and shipworm – Found on 2/3s of Roman ships• Used for patch repairs• Spares were carried in rolls in the hull• Usually 1 metre square• 1.25 mm average thickness
  5. Caulking• Deck and Hull• Strips of lead between planks• Sealed with putty or resin• Waterproofing of joints
  6. Anchors• Lead key component of Roman Anchors• Composite anchors of wood and lead• Lead used to give weight to anchors• Usually stock or assembly piece
  7. Pumps• Used as form of bilge pumps• Basic piston pump• Hand operated• Lead parts: – Pipes – Collecting Box
  8. Other Uses
  9. Important Sites (besides ours)• Caesarea, Israel• Baratti Wreck, Italy• Nemi, Italy• Marsala• Grado, Italy

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