Use of caves• Shelter• Occupation• Funerary• Storage• Quarries
Preservation And Degredation• Caves can create a microclimate perfect for preserving, mummifying and fossilizing archaeological material.• Caves however can also act as natural water courses and if deep enough can be affected by the water table• Throughout history caves have often been used and reused by people and animals, each leaving their own impact, and destroying others.
Taphonomy?• “Taphonomy is a multidisciplinary field that aims to understand how paleontological or archaeological remains are formed, distributed and modified”
Taphonomy in Cava Des Pas• Macroscopic Changes to human remains when any human bone is buried and can be taphonomically altered in three ways.1. Cortical Surface- Changes in chemical and physical weathering producing cracks, scaling decomp…2. Fractures- absent or apparent, shape, type and pattern3. Disturbce- momement from decomposition
Post depositional process on taphony caused by other natural processesRock falls + importance on archaeological recordBioturbationSoilMineral content of cave positive and negativeWater tableFluvial processesAll of these aspects can change the way in whichwe interpret the archaeological record