Instruments to increase climate policy ambition before 2020

459 views

Published on

Ecofys partnered with Öko Institut and Fraunhofer ISI to analyse the current efforts of country activities towards the 2°C target, in order to identify best practices and their possible impact on emission reduction pre-2020. The report and this presentation focus on four major thematic areas in which significant pre-2020 mitigation potential exists: renewable energy support, light duty vehicle standards, electric appliance energy efficiency, and methane from fossil fuel production.

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
459
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Instruments to increase climate policy ambition before 2020

  1. 1. 06/07/2014 Pre-2020 Climate Policy: Instruments to increase ambition Öko Institut Ecofys ISI Fraunhofer-Institut
  2. 2. © ECOFYS | | Steps in the project 06/07/2014 Screening current activities • Selection of countries • Selection and analysis of indicators for identifying country activities Defining thematic areas • Evaluation of country activities • Definition of thematic areas • Analysis of thematic areas • Selection of thematic areas for detailed analysis Detailed analysis of thematic areas • Qualitative analysis • Quantitative analysis Objective: Identify best practice policies and their potential impact on climate change mitigation pre-2020.
  3. 3. © ECOFYS | | Step 1: Screening current activities Changing Activity Energy efficiency Renewables Low carbon (other than renewables) Non-energy General Strategies and targets: 69% Electricity Performance standards 22% Support schemes (e.g. feed-in tariff) 49% Tax exemptions 6% Carbon pricing schemes 25% Industry Strategies 6% Voluntary agreements 24% Fuel quota 36% CCS support schemes <3% Regulation (Not evaluated) Carbon pricing schemes: 31% Buildings Programmes 8% Product standards and building codes 55% Tax exemptions 40% Not evaluated Energy taxes: (Not evaluated) Transport Modal shift programmes 14% Vehicle standards 23% Direct subsidies and fuel quota 50% E-mobility programmes 14% Energy taxes: (Not evaluated) AFOLU Strategies 28% Regulations / planning 39% 06/07/2014 0% 25% 50% 75% 100%Scale: Percentage coverage of climate policies in 38 countries, including the largest emitters, derived from evaluating 1200 policies
  4. 4. © ECOFYS | |06/07/2014 Step 2: Identification of thematic areas Support for renewable electricity generation • High activity rate • High mitigation potential • Short term implementation still possible, with long term transformational effect Light-duty vehicle emissions • Medium activity rate • High mitigation potential • Often cost neutral in the long term; potential to increase ambition till 2020 Energy efficient electric appliances • High activity rate • High mitigation potential • Often cost neutral in the long term; potential to increase ambition till 2020 Methane from fossil fuel production • Low activity rate • High mitigation potential • Low cost option
  5. 5. © ECOFYS | | Support for renewable electricity generation Best practice policies analysed Germany, UK, China, Morocco 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 2010 2020 Frozen Technology 2020 Reference 2020 Policy potential (Regional) 2020 Policy potential (Best practice) Emissionsfromelectricitygeneration(GtCO2) Annual emissions intensity trend for electricity production Germany -2.1% China -1.7% UK -2.9% Morocco -4% Emissions reduction potential from regional upscaling of best practice policies 3.1 GtCO2 Common policy design features Market instruments (Feed in tariffs, purchase guarantees); Public sector investment. 06/07/2014
  6. 6. © ECOFYS | | Light-duty vehicle emissions Best practice policies analysed EU, Japan, U.S., China Annual LDV trends Fuel economy Emissions EU +6.5% -1.3% Japan +3.9% -2.3% U.S. +4.0% -2.0% China +6.7% +4.7% Emissions reduction potential from regional upscaling of best practice policies 0.8 GtCO2 (Reversing emissions trend for LDVs) Common policy design features Standards with flexible compliance mechanisms and supporting policies (e.g. fuel taxation). 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 2010 2020 Frozen Technology 2020 Reference 2020 Policies (Regional) 2020 Policies (Best practice) GlobalLDVEmissions(GtCO2) 06/07/2014
  7. 7. © ECOFYS | | Methane from fossil fuel production (reducing APG flaring) Best practice policies analysed Norway, Russia Russian APG flaring rate 2010 2020 (with policy) 26% 5% Emissions reduction potential from upscaling of Russian trends to top-5 flaring countries 164 MtCO2 Common policy design features Permit and license system, requiring plan for gas utilisation. 0 50 100 150 200 250 2010 2020 Frozen Technology 2020 Reference 2020 Policy Potential Top-5flaringcountriesemissions(MtCO2e) 06/07/2014
  8. 8. © ECOFYS | | Electric appliance energy efficiency Best practice policies analysed Japan, South Korea, EU Annual Household Energy Efficiency trends Emissions intensity Emissions EU -1.9% +1.0% Emissions reduction potential from upscaling of EU trends to OECD countries 0.56 GtCO2 Common policy design features Standards with support from labelling schemes and tax incentives. 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 2010 2020 Frozen Technology 2020 Reference 2020 Policy potential Emissionsfromelectricitydemandinresidential andcommercailsector (GtCO2) 06/07/2014
  9. 9. © ECOFYS | | Thank you Öko Institut Sean Healy E: S.Healy@oeko.de Ecofys Thomas Day E: t.day@ecofys.com ISI Fraunhofer-Institut Vicki Duscha E: Vicki.Duscha@isi.fraunhofer.de 06/07/2014

×