Enhancing Ambition
through International
Cooperative Initiatives
Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne
07/06/2014
© ECOFYS | |
Content
> Introduction
> One example area
> The way forward
07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne
Enha...
© ECOFYS | |07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne
At COP18 in Durban options for additional emission
reductions bey...
© ECOFYS | |
The UNEP Emissions Gap report 2013 showed that
thematic areas differ in their potential and activity level
Th...
© ECOFYS | |
The UNEP Emissions Gap report 2013 showed that
thematic areas differ in their potential and activity level
Th...
© ECOFYS | |
Content
> Introduction
> One example area
> The way forward
07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne
Enha...
© ECOFYS | |
Example initiative: SBCI
• Started in 2006
• Mission to present a common voice for building sector
stakeholde...
© ECOFYS | |
Many initiatives; main barrier: industry fragmentation
07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne
• Reducti...
© ECOFYS | |
Content
> Introduction
> One example area
> The way forward
07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne
Enha...
© ECOFYS | |
Summary of activities
07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne
Objective Function
Tracking
• Provide over...
© ECOFYS | |
Different strategies will be required to help different
thematic areas succeed
07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett ...
© ECOFYS | |
Summary
> International cooperative initiatives (ICIs):
– Already an important contribution to emission reduc...
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Enhancing Ambition trough International Cooperative Initiatives

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International Cooperative Initiatives (ICIs) hold significant promise for raising the level of emission reduction ambition needed to close the global emissions gap to 2020. In a report, Ecofys and the Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership investigated the impact ICIs could have on national and international climate change commitments. This presentation on the report findings was given during the intersessional UNFCCC conference at Bonn by Nicolette Bartlett and Dr. Niklas Höhne on 7 June 2014.

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Enhancing Ambition trough International Cooperative Initiatives

  1. 1. Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne 07/06/2014
  2. 2. © ECOFYS | | Content > Introduction > One example area > The way forward 07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives Nicholas Harrison, Nicolette Bartlett, Niklas Höhne, Nadine Braun, Thomas Day, Yvonne Deng and Sandrine Dixson-Declève http://www.norden.org/en/publications/publikationer/ 2014-518/
  3. 3. © ECOFYS | |07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne At COP18 in Durban options for additional emission reductions beyond existing national pledges were voiced Introduction How do we bridge the gap? 44 50 56 GlobalGHGemissions(GtCO2e/a) Ambitious end of national reduction proposals 50 GtCO2e Confirmed national reduction proposals 55 GtCO2e Business as usual 56 GtCO2e Reductions required for 2°C 2010 2015 2020 Source:
  4. 4. © ECOFYS | | The UNEP Emissions Gap report 2013 showed that thematic areas differ in their potential and activity level Thematic area Subtopic Wedging the gap UNFCCC technical paper IEA energy / climate map Number of initiatives Energy efficiency Buildings heating and cooling 0.6 2 0.5 25 Ban of incandescent lamps 0.5 0.5 Electric appliances 0.6 Industrial motor systems 0.4 Cars and trucks emission reductions 0.7 0.2 Renewable energy Boost solar photovoltaic energy 1.4 1 – 2.5 17 Boost wind energy 1.2 Access energy through low emission options 0.4 Limiting inefficient coal use in electricity generation 0.7 0 Methane and other climate pollutants Methane from fossil fuel production * 1.1 0.6 7 Other methane and other climate pollutants Efficient cook stoves * Fluorinated greenhouse gases 0.3 0.5 3 Fossil fuel subsidy reform 0.9 1.5 – 2 0.4 1 International transport 0.2 0.3 – 0.5 4 Agriculture 0.8 1.3 – 4.2 1 Reduce deforestation 1.8 1.1 – 4.3 15 Waste 0.8 1 Companies Top-1000 companies emission reduction 0.7 4 Supply chain emission reductions 0.2 1 Green financial institutions 0.4 1 Voluntary offset companies 2.0 0 Voluntary offsets consumers 1.6 0 Major cities initiative 0.7 3 Sub-national governments 0.6 2 Total 9.7** Not added 3.1 07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne Introduction
  5. 5. © ECOFYS | | The UNEP Emissions Gap report 2013 showed that thematic areas differ in their potential and activity level Thematic area Subtopic Wedging the gap UNFCCC technical paper IEA energy / climate map Number of initiatives Energy efficiency Buildings heating and cooling 0.6 2 0.5 25 Ban of incandescent lamps 0.5 0.5 Electric appliances 0.6 Industrial motor systems 0.4 Cars and trucks emission reductions 0.7 0.2 Renewable energy Boost solar photovoltaic energy 1.4 1 – 2.5 17 Boost wind energy 1.2 Access energy through low emission options 0.4 Limiting inefficient coal use in electricity generation 0.7 0 Methane and other climate pollutants Methane from fossil fuel production * 1.1 0.6 7 Other methane and other climate pollutants Efficient cook stoves * Fluorinated greenhouse gases 0.3 0.5 3 Fossil fuel subsidy reform 0.9 1.5 – 2 0.4 1 International transport 0.2 0.3 – 0.5 4 Agriculture 0.8 1.3 – 4.2 1 Reduce deforestation 1.8 1.1 – 4.3 15 Waste 0.8 1 Companies Top-1000 companies emission reduction 0.7 4 Supply chain emission reductions 0.2 1 Green financial institutions 0.4 1 Voluntary offset companies 2.0 0 Voluntary offsets consumers 1.6 0 Major cities initiative 0.7 3 Sub-national governments 0.6 2 Total 9.7** Not added 3.1 07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne Introduction
  6. 6. © ECOFYS | | Content > Introduction > One example area > The way forward 07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives Nicholas Harrison, Nicolette Bartlett, Niklas Höhne, Nadine Braun, Thomas Day, Yvonne Deng and Sandrine Dixson-Declève http://www.norden.org/en/publications/publikationer/ 2014-518/
  7. 7. © ECOFYS | | Example initiative: SBCI • Started in 2006 • Mission to present a common voice for building sector stakeholders on sustainable buildings and climate change • Developed Common Carbon Metric (CMC) for measuring and reporting GHG emissions in buildings Low-carbon building heating and cooling has a large emission reduction potential with several existing players > Global emissions from buildings make up around 20% of total emissions; the majority of this comes from heating and cooling. > Energy efficiency for buildings is an area with a very large emission reduction potential [IPCC, 2007], but also the area where progress is most disappointing [IEA, 2013] > There are several initiatives that address emission reduction for buildings. Targets that are set (if any) have an aspirational character. 07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne Initiatives for reducing emissions in the building sector UNEP Sustainable Buildings & Climate Initiative (SBCI) WBCSD, Energy Efficiency in Buildings projects World Green Building Council Global Buildings Performance Network (GBPN) Total 2020 thematic area potential (Mt CO2e) [Blok, 2012] Up to 600 Low carbon heating and cooling
  8. 8. © ECOFYS | | Many initiatives; main barrier: industry fragmentation 07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne • Reduction fuel and electricity bills, • Increased comfort • Decreased air pollution Benefits of taking action beyond climate impacts • Fragmentation of the building industry • Relatively high upfront investments required • Lack of coordination within and among governments Barriers to taking action • Develop an integrated approach, to include construction materials and energy generation as well as energy use • Possible voluntary code/target of commercial real estate sector – an organisation such as Urban Land Institute Greenprint Center for Building Performance could lead on something like this Options for scaling up • Earmark government funding for low-carbon buildings • Government-set energy efficiency targets for building Need for additional support Catalyse an initiative - an alliance of commercial real estate sector actors agreeing to a target in terms of future property investments. Consolidate building sector codes and standards to include energy generation as well as energy use in buildings Low carbon heating and cooling
  9. 9. © ECOFYS | | Content > Introduction > One example area > The way forward 07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives Nicholas Harrison, Nicolette Bartlett, Niklas Höhne, Nadine Braun, Thomas Day, Yvonne Deng and Sandrine Dixson-Declève http://www.norden.org/en/publications/publikationer/ 2014-518/
  10. 10. © ECOFYS | | Summary of activities 07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne Objective Function Tracking • Provide overview of initiatives’ actions and overlaps • Aggregate global impact of initiative activities • Provide analysis to enable prioritisation for support and or finance Sharing • Facilitate knowledge sharing and learning between initiatives • Facilitate initiative and government leaders to collaborate and avoid duplication of effort • Encourage ambition-raising of existing initiatives Seeding & Strengthening • Seeding new initiatives where gaps are identified • Incubation/brokerage to increase existing initiatives’ impact • Develop initiatives as channel for public and/or private climate finance support The way forward
  11. 11. © ECOFYS | | Different strategies will be required to help different thematic areas succeed 07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne The way forward Thematic area 2020 mitigation potential (Gt CO2e) Possible action to scale up Total Existing commitments RES Boost solar photovoltaic and wind energy 1–2.5 up to 1 Form a coalition with ambitious global target Energyefficiency Building heating and cooling 0.6 unclear Catalyse an initiative with real estate sector actors Ban of incandescent lamps ~0.5 ~0.5 Expand the number of countries involved Electric appliances ~0.3–0.7 ~0.3–0.7 Form a coalition, pool exiting initiatives Cars & trucks emission reduction 1.7 ~0.4 Further research to develop new initiatives Maritime transport ~0.2 None (voluntary) Develop an initiative of governments and shipping companies Other Fossil fuels subsidy reform 1–4.5 No firm commitments Develop a new initiative to support governments that reform the subsidies Fluorinated greenhouse gases 0.3 No firm commitments Strengthen support the Montreal Protocol to regulate phase out Reduce deforestation 1–4 Unclear Further research to develop new initiative on drivers of deforestation Short-Lived Climate Forcers ~1 No firm commitments Strengthen support to CCAC with targets and monitoring
  12. 12. © ECOFYS | | Summary > International cooperative initiatives (ICIs): – Already an important contribution to emission reductions globally – Potential to scale-up – New channels for public climate finance to catalyse ambition-raising in national pledges > ICI design – Set clear targets and monitor them – Make targets ambitious against global benchmarks > Next steps – Tracking – Supporting – Strengthening 07/06/2014 Nicolette Bartlett & Niklas Höhne The way forward Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives Nicholas Harrison, Nicolette Bartlett, Niklas Höhne, Nadine Braun, Thomas Day, Yvonne Deng and Sandrine Dixson-Declève http://www.norden.org/en/publications/publikationer/ 2014-518/
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