Edc critical materials briefing june2012 low res

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Edc critical materials briefing june2012 low res

  1. 1. critical materials
  2. 2. key issuesresource efficiencyopportunitiesUK and EU actionscycled projectissues for Wales?
  3. 3. Major manufacturing companies consider minerals and metals scarcity as an important issue for their business, but do not see sufficient awareness of this topic among all their stakeholders The Ticking Time Bomb, PwC, November 2011Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  4. 4. over 80% of CEOs of manufacturing companies said raw material shortgaes was a risk to their business in 2012 EEF membership survey, December 2011Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  5. 5. A recent Eurobarometer survey of European entrepreneurs found that 75% have seen material costs in their business increase... 87% said they expect prices to continue rising CBI ‘Made to Last’, December 2011Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  6. 6. EU critical metalsEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  7. 7. UK resource secturity action planEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  8. 8. relation between world production and demand for future technologiesEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  9. 9. what causes supply risk? geostrategic risks geological availability access to markets life time of resources, concentration of exploration activities production, social and environmental limits market power technical availability high concentration of supply/demand capacity production in a few in mining, processing, countries or companies metallurgy and transport, production costs speed of R&D dependence on imports recycling, substitution, importance of the mineral material efficiency, domestic value chain mineral productionEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  10. 10. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  11. 11. key issuesEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  12. 12. Key issue 1 Many critical metals are traded in relatively small quantities, compared to steel, copper etc. and the supply is concentrated in a few countries. These countries have the ability to control supply for speculative, political or geo-strategic reasons Mining and extraction is a slow and inelastic system. It can take 15 years or more to get a mine into productionEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  13. 13. source: EUEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  14. 14. source: USGSEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  15. 15. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  16. 16. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  17. 17. Key issue 2 Material criticality affects a number of materials simultaneously thus causing complexity for the supply and demand side. For example, supply shortages for several critical metals may occur at the same time.Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  18. 18. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  19. 19. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  20. 20. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  21. 21. Key issue 3 Currently recycling rates are minimal due to diffusion, product design and business modelsEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  22. 22. recycling rate for 60 metalsEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  23. 23. recycling rate for 60 metalsEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  24. 24. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  25. 25. recycling rate for 60 metalsEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  26. 26. Key issue 5 The social and environmental limits. Many people demand iPhones and iPads but would not like a mine in their neighbourhood. & conflict metals & declining grades of ore requiring more energy to extractEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  27. 27. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  28. 28. according to UNEPSince 1990, at least 18 violent conflicts have beenfuelled by the exploitation of natural resources.40% of all intrastate conflicts since 1960 have a linkto natural resourcesIntrastate conflicts linked to natural resources aretwice as likely to relapse to conflict in five years.Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  29. 29. Key issue 6 On the demand side (manufacturing, retail) there is complexity regarding substitution or maintaining performance while using resources efficiently.Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  30. 30. 45% of all electrical energy goes to motors –7000 TWh/year –6040 Mt CO2/year •>99% of all electrical energy from electrical generators •40M electric motors produced in EU / US every year •12M Electric Vehicles per year by 2030 requiring large, volume produced electric motors (Credit Suisse)Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  31. 31. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  32. 32. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  33. 33. opportunitiesEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  34. 34. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  35. 35. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  36. 36. value of gold in EEE we buy each year in UK isestaimated at £350 millionby 2020 the UK will dispose of 12 million tonnes ofWEEE = £1 billion of palladium and £380 indium1/4 of WEEE sent to recycling could be repaired andresold = £200 million p/aEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  37. 37. Recycling has an energy efficiency 2x to 10x times better than primary extraction Metals thrown away, and not recycled, represent each year in Europe more than 7 billions euros lost, in metals value terms.Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  38. 38. recovery rates depend on material composition accessibility / quality of mechanical quality of metallurgy type of connections removal of key parts seperation (catalysts, batteries, PCB)Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  39. 39. dissipation residue use residue product new scrap end of life manufacture recycling residue industrial materials residue raw materials historic waste ores (tailing, landfill) concentratesEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  40. 40. dissipation residue ecodesign use design for disassembly dematerialisation recyclability residue product new scrap close loop end of life manufacture recycling residue industrial substitution substitution materials residue raw materials historic waste ores (tailing, landfill) concentratesEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  41. 41. actionsEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  42. 42. • Small Business Research Initiative (SBRI) on feasibility of new approaches to gain value from domestic and commercial waste streams (i.e. through re-use and recovery) (Lead: Defra with the TSB) • improving data capture of WEEE (Lead: BIS) • critical resources dashboard (ES KTN, BGS etc.) • development of a materials flow analysis for WEEE ‘hot spots’ (Lead: WRAP) • recycling demonstration trials (Lead: WRAP) • industry-led consortium to further develop links between government, business and other organisations (Lead: Green Alliance) New designs for a circular economy (tbc) TSB with RSA & Ellen MacArthur FoundationEcodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012
  43. 43. Ecodesign Centre Critial Material briefing for Welsh Government, June 2012

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