Procuring a circular economy?Towards zero wasteCIWM conference 2013Philip HarfieldSenior Project OfficerEcodesign Centre
 	  assess	  need	  
clarify	  choice….	  
define	  specifica3on?	  
LED	  25000	  hours	  (25	  years)	  Halogen	  2000	  hours	  (2	  years)	  The	  procurement	  decision!	  	  
Halogen	  –	  35	  WaG	   LED	  -­‐	  5	  WaG	  procurement	  indicators!	  	  
LED	  -­‐	  £12.98	  Halogen	  -­‐	  £1.45	  
Economic	  assessment	  of	  ligh0ng	  systems	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  annual	  energy	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	...
LED	  closed	  loop	  opportuni3es	  complexity	  increases:	  technical	  &	  non-­‐technical	  issues	  
WARNING	  contains	  	  valuable	  metals.	  cri0cal	  elements.	  	  	  	  Sapphire,	  Gallium,	  Aluminium,	  Gold,	  Si...
Indium	  -­‐	  13	  Tin	  -­‐	  40	  61	  -­‐	  Copper	  Gold	  -­‐	  45	  Zinc	  -­‐	  46	  90	  -­‐	  Nickel	  116	  -­‐...
impacts of supplygeopolitical – volatile pricessocial – ethical sourcesconflict metalsImage	  source:	  www.sustainaly3cs.c...
green	  economy	  demands	  complexity!	  •  7	  materials	  •  Manufacturing	  energy	  42MJ	  (per	  20M	  lumen-­‐hours...
purchasing	  a	  supply	  chain	  Image	  :	  www.sourcemap.com	  
how	  will	  you	  design	  to	  reduce	  &	  recirculate	  resources?	  will	  collec3on	  rates	  deliver	  viable	  str...
take/make/use/break/disposethe	  linear	  (sweep	  it	  under	  the	  rug)	  system	  is	  broken	  	  
why	  have	  you	  made	  it	  un-­‐repairable?	  	  	  	  	  	   	   	  	  	   	   	  	  	   	   	  	  	   	   	  	  	  	...
problem:	  the	  things	  we	  procure	  arent	  green	  enough;	  the	  greenest	  things	  buy	  into	  systems!	  	  po...
Philip	  Harfield	  (Senior	  Project	  Officer)	  Ecodesign	  Centre	  phil@edcw.org	  
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cycLED - CIWM presentation

  1. 1. Procuring a circular economy?Towards zero wasteCIWM conference 2013Philip HarfieldSenior Project OfficerEcodesign Centre
  2. 2.    assess  need  
  3. 3. clarify  choice….  
  4. 4. define  specifica3on?  
  5. 5. LED  25000  hours  (25  years)  Halogen  2000  hours  (2  years)  The  procurement  decision!    
  6. 6. Halogen  –  35  WaG   LED  -­‐  5  WaG  procurement  indicators!    
  7. 7. LED  -­‐  £12.98  Halogen  -­‐  £1.45  
  8. 8. Economic  assessment  of  ligh0ng  systems                    annual  energy                      126  kw/h                                          14  kw/h  Years  Service   System  running  cost  (£)    Halogen  System  running  cost  (£)  LED  3   96   60  10   250   72  25   481   91    (Swedish  Energy  Agency  -­‐  LCC  tool)      
  9. 9. LED  closed  loop  opportuni3es  complexity  increases:  technical  &  non-­‐technical  issues  
  10. 10. WARNING  contains    valuable  metals.  cri0cal  elements.        Sapphire,  Gallium,  Aluminium,  Gold,  Silver,  Tin,  Indium,  Chromium,  Pla0num,  Cerium,  Europium,  Terbium,  YKrium,  Silicon,  Epoxy,  Copper…  
  11. 11. Indium  -­‐  13  Tin  -­‐  40  61  -­‐  Copper  Gold  -­‐  45  Zinc  -­‐  46  90  -­‐  Nickel  116  -­‐  Tanatalum  geological availability? (years)(Source:  Reller  &  Graedel,    New  Scien0st  2007)  
  12. 12. impacts of supplygeopolitical – volatile pricessocial – ethical sourcesconflict metalsImage  source:  www.sustainaly3cs.com  
  13. 13. green  economy  demands  complexity!  •  7  materials  •  Manufacturing  energy  42MJ  (per  20M  lumen-­‐hours)    •  Use  energy  60W  •  30+  materials  (17  materials  in  LED  chip)  •  Manufacturing  energy  343  MJ  (per  20M  lumen-­‐hours)    •  Use  energy  12.5W  (DOE  2012,  DEFRA  2009)  
  14. 14. purchasing  a  supply  chain  Image  :  www.sourcemap.com  
  15. 15. how  will  you  design  to  reduce  &  recirculate  resources?  will  collec3on  rates  deliver  viable  streams?  what  processing  technologies  are  emerging?  what  guides  or  tools  inform/assist  decision  making?    is  a  shid  to  service  based  business  models  realis3c?    complexity  =  ques3ons  
  16. 16. take/make/use/break/disposethe  linear  (sweep  it  under  the  rug)  system  is  broken    
  17. 17. why  have  you  made  it  un-­‐repairable?                                                              upgradable?    Glued  in  baGeries    Pentalobe  screws    Soldered  in  RAM    Image  source:  www.ifixit.com  is  obsolescence  part  of  your  business  model?  
  18. 18. problem:  the  things  we  procure  arent  green  enough;  the  greenest  things  buy  into  systems!    poten3al:  need  for  partnerships  across  value  chain  –  (waste  management  to  design)  GPP  needs  to  ask  ques3ons  which  reverberate  through  value  chain    
  19. 19. Philip  Harfield  (Senior  Project  Officer)  Ecodesign  Centre  phil@edcw.org  
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