Integrated Landscape Initiatives in Latin America and the Caribbean

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To learn more, visit Landscapes for People, Food and Nature blog post, titled "Studying Success: Integrated Landscape Initiatives in Latin America." Article in English and Spanish http://bit.ly/198NZev

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  • Conservationseemstoencompassmost of themainmotivations…. Onaverage, eachinitiativereported at least 8 motivatingfactors, but 64% of the initiativesidentifiedoneortwoprimarymotivations – seenextslidePhoto of womenplantingfertilizertrees in fields.
  • 9 stakeholder groups involved on average. More local actors than external actors, but the external actors play critical roles in funding, designing and providing technical support.Photo: Women preparing bags for planting seedlings that will be grown for live fencing in Kita, Mali..
  • Respondents were able to choose from any of the above options to identify ILI investments and outcomes related to agricultural production. In the graphs, investments included as part of the initiative itself are designated as “core” while those that took place in the landscape outside of the purview of the initiative are indicated as “associated.” Outcomes attributed to initiative activities are designated as “core” while those attributed to other factors are designated as “associated.”Please note the frequency of investment in capacity building. As you proceed through the coming slides, you will notice that investments in capacity building are relatively high in all domains. Also note the inverse relationship between supporting and core investments.
  • All these associations were statistically significant.
  • These are some of the more frequently occurring themes in response to the open-ended question on the most successful aspects of the ILI.
  • These are some of the more frequently occurring themes in response to the open-ended question on the least successful aspects of the ILI.
  • Integrated Landscape Initiatives in Latin America and the Caribbean

    1. 1. Integrated Landscape Initiatives for agriculture, rural livelihoods and ecosystem conservation: An assessment of experience from Latin America and the Caribbean Natalia Estrada-Carmona & Abigail Hart October 2013
    2. 2. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Methodology (Tier 1) 1. Database of candidate ILIs established through partner networks, interviews, and Internet searches 2. Candidates screened to select those that met the ILI definition 3. Survey of one respondent per ILI to collect information on: • • • • • Landscape characteristics Dates, scale, and motivations of the ILI ILI investments, activities, and coordinating mechanisms Stakeholder and sectoral participation Outcomes, most and least successful aspects 4. Screening of survey responses 5. Tier 1 data analysis and interpretation 2
    3. 3. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Methodology (Tier 2) 1. Selection of sub-sample for interviews 2. Semi-structured interviews with 3-5 leaders/key stakeholders per landscape • Political, social and economic context • Institutional arrangements, modes of stakeholder participation • Effectiveness in achieving objectives • Key lessons learned 3. Tier 2 data analysis and interpretation • Analytical framework 3
    4. 4. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC 4 Geographic distribution of surveyed ILIs Complete documentation from 104 landscape initiatives in 21 countries Click here for an online version
    5. 5. 5 Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC What challenges and issues are motivating ILIs? Chiquitano Model Forest, Bolivia
    6. 6. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC What types of organizations are involved? Serraniagua in El Cairo, Colombia 6
    7. 7. 7 Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Investments and outcomes in agriculture Investments Outcomes Proyecto Tacaná, Guatemala
    8. 8. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Factors associated with high outcome initiatives ● More objectives/motivations ● Initiative formed after previous project (prior experience) ● More years of experience, more stakeholder groups 8
    9. 9. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Most successful aspects of the initiatives ● Increased capacity for understanding and implementing ILM ● Improvements in NRM ● New protected areas, ● Improved forestry / agroforestry management ● Protection of threatened species ● Strong farmer engagement ● Empowerment of local leaders ● Ability of communities to self-organize 9
    10. 10. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Least successful aspects of the initiatives ● Lack of sufficient and sustainable sources of funding ● Policies and laws that hinder integrated landscape management ● Key stakeholders, mainly specific government and private sector entities, were missing from planning and coordination processes 10
    11. 11. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC 11 Geographic distribution of interviewed ILIs Interviewed 75 landscape stakeholders in 23 ILIs located in 13 countries Click here for an online version
    12. 12. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC ILI characterization •Diverse landscape sizes (10 to 550,000 km2 approx.) and population sizes (400 to 535,000 hbts approx.) •Mosaic landscapes with diverse economies: agriculture (subsistence/export), forestry and/or tourism •Extractive industries were an important part of the economy in about half of the cases. •Diverse tenure arrangements: land owned and managed by individual private owners (all ILIs); public or state lands (21 ILIs), communal lands (15 ILIs), private land owned by large companies (7 ILIs). 12
    13. 13. 13 Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Analytical framework: Landscape Identity Conflicts Methodological support Policy: Recognition of mosaic landscapes for conservation strategies Broadcast Organizations - Stakeholders Funds: Start up Leaders Information Social conditions Population density Create landscape identity accepted by stakeholders Landscape size Stakeholder interest (communities, private sector, government)
    14. 14. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Analytical framework: ILIs Institutions Initiative leader Committee management Funds: Operational Establish / strengthen institutions lead landscape management Policy (Social organizations promotion / law enforcement / sectors articulation, land tenure rights) Methodological support Base line / Information Participation incentives Social conditions Stakeholder interest (communities, private sector, government) Population density Landscape size 14
    15. 15. 15 Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Analytical framework: ILIs actions Human capital Stakeholder interest (communities, private sector, government) Landscape size Population density Implement actions to improve landscape management Funds: Implementation Technology Methodological support Social conditions Policy (Compensation for conservationsustainable production / law enforcement, sectors articulation, land tenure rights)
    16. 16. 16 Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Analytical framework: ILIs results Stakeholder interest (communities, private sector, government) Landscape size Population density Social conditions Funds: Consolidation Deliver results at landscape scale External pressures Technology Mistakes Broadcast Initial conditions Policy (Legal recognition initiative management plan, incidence)
    17. 17. 17 Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC ILIs life cycle Top- down landscape initiatives Technology Methodological support Implement actions to improve landscape management Establish / strengthen institutions lead landscape management Funds: Operational Base line / Information Methodological support Participation incentives Organizations - Stakeholders Broadcast Top- down landscape initiatives Conflicts Funds: Implementation Policy (Compensation for conservation- sustainable production / law enforcement, sectors articulation, land tenure rights) Funds: Consolidation External pressures Technology Mistakes Committee management Initiative leader Top- down landscape initiatives Human capital Social conditions Population density Landscape size Stakeholder interest (communities, private sector, government) Deliver results at landscape scale Monitoring Broadcast Initial conditions Policy (Legal recognition initiative management plan, incidence) Policy: Recognition of mosaic landscapes for conservation strategies Create landscape identity accepted by stakeholders Methodological support Funds: Start up Information Leaders Bottom-up landscape initiatives
    18. 18. 18 Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Interesting ILIs Implement actions to improve landscape management Funding Funds: Implementation Funds: Consolidation Governance Private sector engagement Long term experiences Committee management Initiative leader Establish / strengthen institutions lead landscape management Funds: Operational Social conditions Population density Landscape size Stakeholder interest (communities, private sector, government) Create landscape identity accepted by stakeholders Deliver results at landscape scale Funds: Start up
    19. 19. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Interesting ILIs: Funding / financing mechanism 3. ASPROINCA (Colombia) 8. Tatamá (Colombia) 21. Routes of the South (Venezuela) 15. Mosaico Sertao Veredas-Peruaçu (Brasil) 1. Alliance for the grasslands (Argentina) 11. Monte Pascoal – Pau Biological corridor (Brasil) 22. Scolel Té (Mexico) 20. Río Plátano Biosphere reserve (Honduras) 19
    20. 20. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Interesting ILIs: Governance models 18. Tacaná (Guatemala) 5. Alto de Malleco Model Forest Malleco (Chile) 6. Chiquitano Model Forest (Bolivia) 20 2. State environmental protection area "do Banhado Grande” (Brasil)
    21. 21. Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Interesting ILIs: Strong private sector engagement 4. Watershed management Ribeirão do Boi (Brasil) 18. Tacaná (Guatemala) 16. Jujuy Model Forest (Argentina) 9. San Juan la Selva Biological Corridor (Costa Rica) 19. Buenavista Biosphere Reserve (Cuba) 1. Alliance for the grasslands (Argentina) 20 ...
    22. 22. 20 Integrated Landscape Initiatives in LAC Interesting ILIs: Long term experiences From spp conservation to landscape mgmt. From poverty reduction to watershed and landscape mgmt/vulnerability reduction From conservation to watershed and landscape mgmt/vulnerability reduction 9. San Juan la Selva Biological Corridor Started 2001 (Costa Rica) 18. Tacaná Started 2003 (Guatemala) 20. Río Plátano Biosphere reserve Started 2000 (Honduras) 1. Alliance for the grasslands Started 2005 (Argentina) Gorda Biosphere Reserve Started 2001 (Mexico)
    23. 23. 21 ¡MUCHAS GRACIAS! Special Thanks to: • • • • All of the survey respondents for taking time to share their experiences with integrated landscape management The 75 integrated landscape management practitioners interviewed for this study for taking the time to share their experiences and perspectives Diana Vega and Camila Medeiros provided excellent research assistance The Ecoagriculture Partners, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems for funding this research

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