Nawaz Sharif Rule

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  • 3. RULE OF NAWAZ SHARIF Muhammad Nawaz sharif was born in Lahore on December 1949.He obtained his Law degree From Punjab University.He joined the Punjab cabinet as finance Minster in 1981.In general elections of 1985 Nawaz sharif won with an overwhelming majority both in National and Provincial assemblies.On may 1988 he was appointed caretaker chief minster after the dismisal of assemblies by General Zia.
  • 4. THE RULE OF NAWAZ SHARIF (1990-1993)
  • 5. NAWAZ SHARIF ,PRIME MINISTER(1990-1993)  Nawaz sharif Achieved a decisive victory in the 1990 elections.  IJI won 105 seats while PPP won 45 in the electi of 1990’s.  His coalition, the IJI, had more than two-third majority in the national assembly.  The IJI under Nawaz Sharif’s leadership achieve at the polls, and Nawaz Sharif took over in a peaceful, Constitutional transfer of power the th prime minister since Zia’s death in 1988 ushered return to democracy.
  • 6. SPECIFIC CONTENT OUTLINES Growth of crime and use of drugs. I. II. Privatization policy encouraged profiteering. III. Bcci criticized fore corruoption. IV. Failure of co-operative socities. V. Loss of us aid following PAKiSTAN’S criticisms during gulf war , pakistan gOVeRNMeNT STANd ANd PeOPLe’S ReAcTiON. VI. Dismissal of NAWAz’S government and resignations of nawaz.
  • 7. GROWTH OF CRIME AND USE OF dRUg’S • There was a close link between the trade in drugs and the growth terrorist groups. • Drugs and arms trafficking was a major source of revenue for terrorist and crime gangs. • Nawaz Sharif took a strong stand against the “Kalashnikov culture”. • Bombing, Kidnapping, and robberies became common place • Citizens were not safe even in their homes. • Corruption was a problem in the both volice and the judiciary.
  • 8. Privatizations policy encouraged profiteering. • Nawaz Sharif wants to promote private business and industry including (telecomunication,shiping,and energy production) • Exchange controls on foreign currency coming into Pakistan were lifted. • Nawaz Sharif wanted to reform texation and loosen some of the regulation on business.
  • 9. BCCI CRITICISED FOR CORRUPTION. • THE BANK OF CREDIT AND COMMER CE INTERNATIONAL (BCCI) had been setup in 1972 by Pakistan banker, Agha Hassan Abide. • It had close links to many prominent people. • BCCI collapsed in 1991 when the bank of England closed their operation with allegations of massive losses, fraud, widespread criminality, and the money laundering. • The collapse was a great shock---people simply could not believe it. • Nawaz Sharif allowed BCCI branches in Pakistan to operate for several months. • These financial institutions damage the government of Nawaz Sharif.
  • 10. LOSS OF US AID FOLLOWING PAKISTAN’S CRITICISUMS DURING GULF WAR,PAKISTAN GOVERNMENT STAND AND PEOPLE’S REACTION. • Nawaz Sharif government was with European countries . • The people were with the Gulf countries. • Supporting the US did not led to a restoration of aid . • The Americans remained concerned over Pakistan’s nuclear weapons progrmme.
  • 11. Failure of co-operative societies in punjab • In 1991 four financial co-operatives in the punjab, the pakistan co-operative socities, collasped. • there were allegations the public money had been missused • More then two million peoples lost their savings, including some who has invested their life savings. prehaps as much as Rs.23 billion was lost.
  • 12. WHY WAS NAWAZ SHARIF DISMISSED IN(1993)? I. On 18 April 1993,The president Ishaq Khan Dismissed the government of Prime Minster Nawaz Sharif. II. The charge of corruption and mismanagement of the economy that he leveled against Nawaz Sharif were almost identical to those he had earlier brought against Benazir in 1990. III. Power struggle. IV. Misunderstanding between president Ishaq khan and Prime minster Nawaz sharif.
  • 13. RESIGNATION OF NAWAZ SHARIF • • On 26 May 1993,Supreme court voted that Ishaq khan’s dissolution of the national assembly and his dismissal of the prime minster were unconstitutional . The continuing political crises in Pakistan came to an abrupt halt when the Prime minster and president both resigned after to weeks of intense negotiations among the nawaz sharif government ,Benazir,and the army .
  • 14. ACHIVEMENTS OF NAWAZ SHARIF’S PERIOD. • The most important Achievement of Nawaz Sharif was “MOTOR WAY” project. • Nawaz Sharif took a strong stand against the “Kalashnikov culture”.
  • 15. MOTORWAY PROJECT…….. One of the Sharif Major projects was to build a fast Transportation network to central Asian region where countries had gained independence from Russia and needed access to seaports .It would also join the major Cities, stimulate rural economies and provide an alternate to the existing overburdend roads……….
  • 18. THE RULE OF NAWAZ SHARIF (1997-1999)
  • 19. SPecific cONTeNT OUTLiNeS… • • • • • Argument with the supreme court…… Changes to the constitution… Pakistan as nuclear Power and sanctions… Clashes in Kashmir and kargil war… Overthrow of Sharif and imposition of military rule……
  • 20. ARGUMENT WITH SUPREME COURT. • The power of a supreme court set of a long lasting consequences . • Nawaz Sharif was wanted to reduce the number of judges in supreme court. • The chief justice asked support from president. • Attack on supreme court by Nawaz Sharif by Nawaz Sharif supporters.
  • 21. Changes to the constitution. • The controversial amendments to the constitution were agreed by the national assembly. • 13th amendment took away from the president the power to dissolve the assembly without being advised to by the prime minster. • 14 amendment made it unlawful for members to the assembly to change the parties. • 15 amendment know as Shariat Bill gave all authority for enforcing religious laws to the Prime Minster . • Nawaz Sharif had made the office of Prime Minster more powerful and secure with these constitutional changes.
  • 22. PAKISTAN AS A NUCLEAR POWER AND SANCTIONS. • The loss of east pakistan and defeated by india and prompted pakistan to develop nuclear weapons. • Pakistan research was carried out by Dr.A.Q Khan • The US government and EU opposed the development the nuclear program and imposed sanctions on aid and trade transaction on Pakistan. • In spite of US Pressure Pakistan didn’t signed the non-proliferation treaty (NPT). Because of India’s refusal to do so.
  • 25. CLASHES IN KASHMIR AND KARGIL WAR… • By 1999 after death of thousands of kashmirnis, Pakistan and India appeared again to be on the brink of war. • In 1999 Pakistan troops tried to gain control of kargil region of Kashmir. • The fighters, they said, were Kashmiri “Freedom fighter”
  • 26. Overthrow of Sharif and imposition of military RULe…… • Sharif seemed to be hanging on to power by just a thread and other events made the situation even more precarious. • Sharif feared a coup led by General Musharraf and decide to replace him. • When Musharraf returned from a visit to Sri Lanka on 12 October 1999,Sharif ordered the Civil Aviation Authority not to give permission for his plane to land . • He appointed the head of ISI as the new Chief of army . The army refused to accept this appointment .It took over Karachi airport and allowed Musharraf’s plane to land.