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RULE OF NAWAZ SHARIF
Muhammad Nawaz sharif was born in Lahore on December
1949.He obtained his Law degree From Punjab University.He
joined the Punjab cabinet as finance Minster in 1981.In
general elections of 1985 Nawaz sharif won with an
overwhelming majority both in National and Provincial
assemblies.On may 1988 he was appointed caretaker chief
minster after the dismisal of assemblies by General Zia.
NAWAZ SHARIF ,PRIME MINISTER(1990-1993)
Nawaz sharif Achieved a decisive victory in the
IJI won 105 seats while PPP won 45 in the electi
His coalition, the IJI, had more than two-third
majority in the national assembly.
The IJI under Nawaz Sharif’s leadership achieve
at the polls, and Nawaz Sharif took over in a
peaceful, Constitutional transfer of power the th
prime minister since Zia’s death in 1988 ushered
return to democracy.
Growth of crime and use of drugs.
II. Privatization policy encouraged
III. Bcci criticized fore corruoption.
IV. Failure of co-operative socities.
V. Loss of us aid following PAKiSTAN’S
criticisms during gulf war , pakistan
gOVeRNMeNT STANd ANd PeOPLe’S ReAcTiON.
VI. Dismissal of NAWAz’S government and
resignations of nawaz.
GROWTH OF CRIME AND USE OF
• There was a close link between the trade in
drugs and the growth terrorist groups.
• Drugs and arms trafficking was a major source
of revenue for terrorist and crime gangs.
• Nawaz Sharif took a strong stand against the
• Bombing, Kidnapping, and robberies became
• Citizens were not safe even in their homes.
• Corruption was a problem in the both volice and
• Nawaz Sharif wants to promote private
business and industry including
• Exchange controls on foreign currency
coming into Pakistan were lifted.
• Nawaz Sharif wanted to reform texation and
loosen some of the regulation on business.
BCCI CRITICISED FOR CORRUPTION.
• THE BANK OF CREDIT AND COMMER CE
INTERNATIONAL (BCCI) had been setup in 1972 by
Pakistan banker, Agha Hassan Abide.
• It had close links to many prominent people.
• BCCI collapsed in 1991 when the bank of England closed
their operation with allegations of massive losses, fraud,
widespread criminality, and the money laundering.
• The collapse was a great shock---people simply could not
• Nawaz Sharif allowed BCCI branches in Pakistan to
operate for several months.
• These financial institutions damage the government of
LOSS OF US AID FOLLOWING PAKISTAN’S CRITICISUMS
DURING GULF WAR,PAKISTAN GOVERNMENT STAND AND
• Nawaz Sharif government was with
European countries .
• The people were with the Gulf countries.
• Supporting the US did not led to a
restoration of aid .
• The Americans remained concerned over
Pakistan’s nuclear weapons progrmme.
Failure of co-operative societies in
• In 1991 four financial co-operatives in the
punjab, the pakistan co-operative socities,
• there were allegations the public money
had been missused
• More then two million peoples lost their
savings, including some who has invested
their life savings. prehaps as much as Rs.23
billion was lost.
WHY WAS NAWAZ SHARIF
On 18 April 1993,The president Ishaq Khan
Dismissed the government of Prime Minster Nawaz
II. The charge of corruption and mismanagement of the
economy that he leveled against Nawaz Sharif were
almost identical to those he had earlier brought
against Benazir in 1990.
III. Power struggle.
IV. Misunderstanding between president Ishaq khan and
Prime minster Nawaz sharif.
RESIGNATION OF NAWAZ
On 26 May 1993,Supreme court voted that
Ishaq khan’s dissolution of the national
assembly and his dismissal of the prime
minster were unconstitutional .
The continuing political crises in Pakistan
came to an abrupt halt when the Prime
minster and president both resigned after to
weeks of intense negotiations among the
nawaz sharif government ,Benazir,and the
ACHIVEMENTS OF NAWAZ
• The most important Achievement of Nawaz
Sharif was “MOTOR WAY” project.
• Nawaz Sharif took a strong stand
against the “Kalashnikov culture”.
One of the Sharif Major projects was to build a fast
Transportation network to central Asian region where
countries had gained independence from Russia and needed
access to seaports .It would also join the major Cities,
stimulate rural economies and provide an alternate to the
existing overburdend roads……….
SPecific cONTeNT OUTLiNeS…
Argument with the supreme court……
Changes to the constitution…
Pakistan as nuclear Power and sanctions…
Clashes in Kashmir and kargil war…
Overthrow of Sharif and imposition of military rule……
ARGUMENT WITH SUPREME
• The power of a supreme court set of a
long lasting consequences .
• Nawaz Sharif was wanted to reduce
the number of judges in supreme court.
• The chief justice asked support from
• Attack on supreme court by Nawaz
Sharif by Nawaz Sharif supporters.
Changes to the constitution.
• The controversial amendments to the constitution were agreed by
the national assembly.
• 13th amendment took away from the president the power to dissolve
the assembly without being advised to by the prime minster.
• 14 amendment made it unlawful for members to the assembly to
change the parties.
• 15 amendment know as Shariat Bill gave all authority for enforcing
religious laws to the Prime Minster .
• Nawaz Sharif had made the office of Prime Minster more powerful
and secure with these constitutional changes.
PAKISTAN AS A NUCLEAR POWER AND
• The loss of east pakistan and defeated by india and
prompted pakistan to develop nuclear weapons.
• Pakistan research was carried out by Dr.A.Q Khan
• The US government and EU opposed the
development the nuclear program and imposed
sanctions on aid and trade transaction on Pakistan.
• In spite of US Pressure Pakistan didn’t signed the
non-proliferation treaty (NPT). Because of India’s
refusal to do so.
CLASHES IN KASHMIR AND KARGIL
• By 1999 after death of thousands of kashmirnis,
Pakistan and India appeared again to be on the brink of
• In 1999 Pakistan troops tried to gain control of kargil
region of Kashmir.
• The fighters, they said, were Kashmiri “Freedom fighter”
Overthrow of Sharif and
imposition of military
• Sharif seemed to be hanging on to power by
just a thread and other events made the
situation even more precarious.
• Sharif feared a coup led by General
Musharraf and decide to replace him.
• When Musharraf returned from a visit to Sri
Lanka on 12 October 1999,Sharif ordered the
Civil Aviation Authority not to give permission
for his plane to land .
• He appointed the head of ISI as the new
Chief of army . The army refused to accept
this appointment .It took over Karachi airport
and allowed Musharraf’s plane to land.