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The Transition Years: Evaluating Info Lit Skills from High School to College-Level Research

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  • 1. The Transition Years: Evaluating Information Literacy Skills From High School to College-Level Research By Wendy Ikemoto, MLISc Sr. Education Technology Consultant Imagine Easy Solutions, LLC
  • 2. We are Imagine Easy Solutions, a tiny company with big ideas.
  • 3. Who We Are, What We Do EasyBib is an intuitive information literacy platform, with website evaluation, research, note taking and citation tools. ResearchReady is a cloud-based platform that enables teachers and librarians to teach and assess research and critical thinking sills.
  • 4. How are students approaching the research process? How can we help them?
  • 5. I. Current State of Students II. What Sources They Use III. The Good & The Bad IV. What Can We Do? What to Expect: Outline
  • 6. Current State of Students
  • 7. “High school students are often not allowed enough time to do in-depth research. Students are often told what to learn rather than asked to conduct self-directed research. Standardized testing at the K-12 level makes it difficult for teachers to emphasize information literacy skills.” “Bridging the Gap: Preparing High School Students for College Level Research.”
  • 8. “What Happens Online in 60 Seconds?” Qmee
  • 9. “What Happens Online in 60 Seconds?” Qmee 575 Websites Created
  • 10. “What Happens Online in 60 Seconds?” Qmee 72 Hours of Video on YouTube
  • 11. “What Happens Online in 60 Seconds?” Qmee
  • 12. “What Happens Online in 60 Seconds?” Qmee
  • 13. This is Jane
  • 14. High School to College Transition Source: "Are They Ready? Exploring Student Information Literacy Skills in the Transition From Secondary to Tertiary Education." Students overly confident Bad first research experience.
  • 15. “Perceptions of Libraries, 2010: Context and Community.” 40% of college students have never used their library’s website.
  • 16. Source: "Perceptions of Libraries, 2010: Context and Community," OCLC.
  • 17. What Sources They Use
  • 18. Most Popular Sources Used in Student Writing (2010-2011) 1. Wikipedia (8%) 2. Yahoo! Answers (8%) 3. Answers.com (3%) 4. eNotes (3%) 5. SlideShare (2%)
  • 19. Most Popular Sources Used in Student Writing (2011-2012) 1. Wikipedia (11%) 2. Oppapers (4%) 3. SlideShare (4%) 4. Course Hero (4%) 5. Scribd (3%) “The Sources in Student Writing – Higher Education. Turnitin.”
  • 20. You may feel like this…
  • 21. …But it’s not so bad!
  • 22. Source: Information Literacy Learning Outcomes and Student Success Sources Used in Student Writing Freshman used: • LexisNexis Academic • Quick Search (a federated search feature), • Academic Search Premier • Library catalog
  • 23. Source: Information Literacy Learning Outcomes and Student Success Sources Used in Student Writing Seniors used: • Academic Search Premier • Library catalog • JSTOR • Montana Rules of Civil Procedure • Science Direct • Business Search Premier
  • 24. Source: Information Literacy Learning Outcomes and Student Success
  • 25. Analysis of EasyBib’s Users
  • 26. "Let's do the numbers..." 40,624,204 Number of students who used EasyBib within the past 12 months Source: EasyBib user data. Our user base
  • 27. Websites Books Journals Newspapers Photos Other 54 types Our most used citation formats: Source: EasyBib data 50% 15% 6% 2% 2% 25% “Let's do the numbers...”
  • 28. Top 10 Sites Cited on EasyBib Can you guess at least 2 of the websites? Source: EasyBib user data.
  • 29. Top 10 Sites Cited on EasyBib 10. The Washington Post 9. CNN 8. Answers.com 7. Time Magazine 6. Associated Content (Yahoo! Voices) 5. BBC News 4. JSTOR 3. YouTube 2. The New York Times 1. Wikipeida User-generated content Source: EasyBib user data.
  • 30. Source: EasyBib Survey
  • 31. The Good & the Bad
  • 32. IL: Areas of Understanding Boolean Operators Identify queries that narrow results • One-third understood “AND” narrowed results • Less than 10% believed “OR” would narrow results Web Site Quality/Credibility Identify three evaluation characteristics • 23.8% selected all three • 73.9% selected an answer with at least one Source: "Are They Ready? Exploring Student Information Literacy Skills in the Transition From Secondary to Tertiary Education."
  • 33. 50/50 Likelihood of student using a source with educational value (encyclopedia, news website) vs. less-than-credible sources (social networks, cheat sites). Turnitin Report Source: The Sources in Student Writing – Secondary Education.
  • 34. Source: "Are They Ready? Exploring Student Information Literacy Skills in the Transition From Secondary to Tertiary Education." Areas of Improvement Citation Recognition • Only 23% successfully identified a journal article • 13% understand which bibliographic elements are used to locate journal article in an OPAC
  • 35. Source: How College Students Seek Information in the Digital Age Project Information Literacy. did not understand the need to cite a source in instances other than direct quotes. 25.4% Did not know when to cite a source at all. 24%
  • 36. Source: "Are They Ready? Exploring Student Information Literacy Skills in the Transition From Secondary to Tertiary Education." Areas of Improvement did not know what credentials constituted a scholarly article. 40%
  • 37. Plagiarism 2011 Pew Research Study College Presidents • 55% reported an increase • 40% noticed neither an increase nor decrease • 2% noticed a decrease* Of those who noticed an increase, 89% "believe that computers and the internet have played a major role in this trend." *"No answer" responses not shown. Source: "The Digital Revolution and Higher Education," Pew Research Center.
  • 38. Source: EasyBib Survey
  • 39. 6/1/12
  • 40. 6/1/12 Exposure to New Tools 51% 43% Of Freshmen said they had a hard time learning to navigate new tools Had trouble making sense of new information Source: Project Information Literacy
  • 41. 6/1/12 What do Freshman Struggle with Most? 75% Developing Keyword Searches 57% Sorting through irrelevant search results 51% Identifying and selecting sources Source: Project Information Literacy
  • 42. 6/1/12 29% Campus Librarians 29% English Comp. Instructors 20% Other Professors Source: Project Information Literacy Who do They Go to for Help?
  • 43. 6/1/12 17% Said they had trouble asking for help... Source: Project Information Literacy Who do They Go to for Help?
  • 44. Summary
  • 45. What Can We Do?
  • 46. What Can We Do?
  • 47. 6/1/12 Information literacy instruction for educators How? • Inservice training • PD Why? • Common Core • Familiarity with library “Bridging the Gap: Preparing High School Students for College Level Research.”
  • 48. Collaborate!
  • 49. Common ground for high school student learning outcomes (Jefferson County, NY) 1. Task definition 2. Source selection 3. Information access 4. Make connections, draw conclusions 5. Ethical writing and presentation 6. Reflect on research Collaborate!
  • 50. Information Literacy Continuum Committee (Rochester, NY) • Document covering IL skills between H.S. and college • Shared with teachers and parents • Discussion forum of K-12 and academics • Visit each other’s learning environments Collaborate!
  • 51. Information literacy curriculum collaboration (Utah) • Two library media specialists • High school English teacher • Two university librarians • Instructional designer Collaborate! http://helios.weber.edu
  • 52. Visit local academic libraries • LC classification • ILL • Subject specialists • Writing center Collaborate!
  • 53. Connect • #infolit • #libchat • #highered • Join groups • Follow local colleges • Explore your network • infolit list serv • K-20 collaboration • lists.ala.org/sympa What ideas do you have?
  • 54. • Montgomery County – discussion on June 12th – Contact Sara Frey at sfrey@colonialsd.org for more information • Discovery services – changing how we use search queries and narrow results. • “concierge librarian” – special populations (ELL, etc) • Metaliteracies and “Student-centered-ness” What strategies or thoughts do you have?
  • 55. • Google Hummingbird algorithm – why do we get the results we get? When, why, who, how, etc. • Crash course for seniors going to college. (College research assignment, online course you create, etc.) • Life-long friendships with HS librarians What strategies or thoughts do you have?
  • 56. EasyBib forms its tools and features based around what we learn from our users. We analyze what they do, and find ways to make it easy, efficient, and effective. Through analysis, we see where they're struggling, and strive to make the research process more manageable. Our Philosophy
  • 57. A Comparison of Internet Sources for Secondary and Higher Education Students. Rep. iParadigms/Turnitin.com, 2011. Web. 24 Feb. 2012. Ashbridge, Carole. Bridging the Gap for Information Literacy: Connecting High Schools, Colleges and the Workforce. Watertown, NY: Connections Abound, 2010. PDF. Diaz, Shelley M. "Full-Time School Librarians Boost Student Test Scores in Reading, Writing, Says PA Report." SLJ Summit 2012. School Library Journal, 25 Oct. 2012. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. EasyBib's Librarian Survey. 5 May 2012. Raw data. Imagine Easy Solutions, LLC, New York. EasyBib's Research Habit Student Survey. 5 May 2012. Raw data. Imagine Easy Solutions, LLC, New York. EasyBib User Data. Feb. 2012. Raw data. Imagine Easy Solutions, LLC, New York. Head, Allison J. Learning the Ropes: How Freshman Conduct Course Research Once they Enter College. Rep. Project Information Literacy, 5 Dec. 2013. Web 13 Feb. 2014. Works Cited
  • 58. Head, Alison J., and Michael B. Eisenberg. Truth Be Told: How College Students Evaluate and Use Information in the Digital Age. Seattle: Project Information Literacy, 1 Nov. 2010. PDF. Heider, Kelly L. "Information Literacy: The Missing Link in Early Childhood Education." Early Childhood Education Journal 36.6 (2009): 513-18. ERIC. Web. 31 Aug. 2012. How Teens Do Research in the Digital World. Rep. Pew Research Center, College Board and the National Writing Project, 1 Nov. 2012. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. Parker, Kim. "The Digital Revolution and Higher Education." Pew Social & Demographic Trends. Pew Research Center, 28 Aug. 2011. Web. 28 Feb. 2012. Rosa, Cathy De, et al. Perceptions of Libraries, 2010: Context and Community: A Report to the OCLC Membership. Dublin, OH: OCLC, 2011. Membership Reports. OCLC, 2011. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. Works Cited
  • 59. Salisbury, Fiona, and Sharon Karasmanis. "Are They Ready? Exploring Student Information Literacy Skills in the Transition From Secondary to Tertiary Education." Australian Academic & Research Libraries 42.1 (2011): 43-58. Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts. Web. 29 Aug. 2012. Samson, Sue. "Information Literacy Learning Outcomes and Student Success." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 36.3 (2010): 202- 10. ScienceDirect. Web. 2 Mar. 2013. Schroeder, Robert. "Both Sides Now: Librarians Looking at Information Literacy from High School and College." Educator's Spotlight Digest 4.1 (2009): 5 pp. ERIC. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. Siegler, MG. "Eric Schmidt: Every 2 Days We Create As Much Information As We Did Up To 2003." TechCrunch. AOL, 10 Aug. 2010. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. The Sources in Student Writing – Secondary Education. Rep. Turnitin, Jan. 2013. Web. 17 Jan. 2013. What Happens Online in 60 Seconds? [Infograpihc]. Digital image. Qmee. Qmee, 24 July 2013. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. Works Cited
  • 60. EasyBib Librarians Thank you for your time! If you have questions or would like to learn more about EasyBib School Edition, please contact: Wendy@imagineeasy.com @Wendy_EasyBib