Evaluating Cleanup at Hamilton Army Airfield Using EQuIS and ArcGIS Scot D. Weaver EarthSoft, Inc. Bradley A. Call USACE G...
Evaluating Cleanup at Hamilton Army Airfield Using EQuIS and ArcGIS <ul><li>A Brief History… </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton Ar...
A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today
A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Installation Restoration Program (IRP) <ul><li>Department of Defense...
A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Ac...
A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) <ul><li>Amended ...
A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Defense Environmental Restoration Program (DERP) <ul><li>Created by ...
A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Base Realignment and Closure Act (BRAC) <ul><li>Passed by Congress i...
A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Base Realignment and Closure Act (BRAC) <ul><li>Since 1988, 29 major...
BRAC Round I (1988)
Hamilton Army Airfield Hamilton Army Airfield <ul><li>25 mi. N of San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Novato, Marin County, CA...
Hamilton Army Airfield <ul><li>In 1931, funds appropriated for construction of Hamilton Army Airfield. </li></ul><ul><li>O...
Hamilton Army Airfield <ul><li>When the US Air Force was created as an autonomous entity in 1947, named “Hamilton Air Forc...
<ul><li>HAA was hailed as the most modern military facility of its time </li></ul><ul><li>In operation until 1974; closed ...
<ul><li>Large site, north section of the Airfield </li></ul><ul><li>Former garbage dump in low-lying area </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>During original land reclamation (agricultural) in late 1800s, Novato Creek was diverted from area now occupied by...
<ul><li>Initial investigation showed that Landfill 26 was non-methanogenic </li></ul><ul><li>Subsequent monitoring has fou...
<ul><li>Additional investigation and remediation has taken place at the Landfill and in surrounding areas </li></ul>Landfi...
<ul><li>Large amounts of environmental data have been collected, including </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil and refuse analyses ...
<ul><li>Additional investigation and remediation has taken place at the Landfill and in surrounding areas </li></ul>The Da...
<ul><li>Problem 1: Accessing Historical Data </li></ul>The Data Management Problem
<ul><li>Problem 2: Entering/Utilizing Electronic Data </li></ul>The Data Management Problem ?
Data Borehole Log Data Groundwater Modeling Data Solid Modeling Data GIS The Data Management Problem <ul><li>Problem 3: No...
The Data Management Problem <ul><li>Problem 1: Accessing Historical Data </li></ul><ul><li>Problem 2: Entering/Utilizing E...
Data that cannot be used effectively and efficiently are as good as no data at all! The Data Management Problem <ul><li>Te...
<ul><ul><li>With tools to check & validate data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links to many visualization and analysis tools ...
<ul><li>Too much data to track with spreadsheets </li></ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets do not enforce data integrity </li></ul><u...
The Data “Hostage” Scenario Data <ul><li>Proprietary Database </li></ul><ul><li>no ‘back-door’ access </li></ul><ul><li>de...
Data … empowers the User Open Systems Architecture… Graphical User Interface/ Data Management System <ul><li>User Interfac...
<ul><li>EarthSoft’s    E nvironmental  Qu ality  I nformation  S ystem </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated data management for an...
ArcGIS EQuIS ERIS STORET WCMS Statistics, Risk  Assessment Analytical Data Verification Contours, Modeling, 3D Vis. Field ...
ArcGIS EQuIS Field Sampling and Data Collection Electronic Data Checking Samples to Laboratory Laboratory Test Results, QA...
What is EQuIS for ArcGIS?
EQuIS for ArcGIS: View Lithology
<ul><li>Multipatch geometries </li></ul><ul><li>Index Grid report </li></ul><ul><li>ArcMap Selection tab </li></ul><ul><ul...
<ul><li>Represent multiple chemical concentrations using EQuIS for ArcGIS’ Layer Builder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize i...
EQuIS for ArcGIS: Contaminant Correlation
EQuIS for ArcGIS: 3D Features
Hamilton Army Airfield in ArcMap
Landfill 26 Area in ArcMap
Landfill 26 Monitoring Locations
Landfill 26 Lithology
Landfill 26 Borehole Log in gINT
EQuIS, ArcGIS, & gINT <ul><li>Intuitive, spatial access to geologic/environmental data </li></ul><ul><li>Context of site f...
Landfill 26 Locations in GMS
Landfill 26 Lithology in GMS
Landfill 26 Cross-Sections in GMS
Landfill 26 Cross-Sections in GMS
Hydrostratigraphic Probability Model in GMS
EQuIS, ArcGIS, & GMS <ul><li>Intuitive, spatial access to geologic/environmental data </li></ul><ul><li>Context of site fe...
Up Gradient Down Gradient Groundwater Contour in Surfer North
Topography in Surfer, shown in 3D Analyst
EQuIS, ArcGIS, & Surfer <ul><li>Automated export and creation of contours, grids, vector maps </li></ul><ul><li>Display in...
Landfill 26 Methane in Residential Area
Landfill 26 Relative Gas Map
EQuIS & ArcGIS <ul><li>Perform analyses in ArcMap or 3D Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Visually detect trends, correlations, or...
In Conclusion <ul><li>Landfill 26 at HAA has a long history of environmental activities, generated much data. </li></ul><u...
Thank You! Booth 807
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Evaluating Cleanup At Hamilton Army Airfield Using EQuIS and ArcGis

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Years ago, people were less aware of how dumping chemical wastes might affect public health and the environment. On thousands of properties where such practices were intensive or continuous, the result was uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous waste sites, such as abandoned warehouses and landfills.

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  • Presented Thursday, August 22, 2002 at the Geospatial Technologies Symposium, 2002 in San Antonio, Texas.
  • Transcript of "Evaluating Cleanup At Hamilton Army Airfield Using EQuIS and ArcGis"

    1. 1. Evaluating Cleanup at Hamilton Army Airfield Using EQuIS and ArcGIS Scot D. Weaver EarthSoft, Inc. Bradley A. Call USACE Geospatial Technologies Thursday, August 22, 2002 San Antonio, Texas
    2. 2. Evaluating Cleanup at Hamilton Army Airfield Using EQuIS and ArcGIS <ul><li>A Brief History… </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton Army Airfield/Landfill 26 </li></ul><ul><li>The Data Management Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Solving the Data Management Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Data in ArcGIS </li></ul><ul><li>The Payoffs </li></ul>
    3. 3. A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today
    4. 4. A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Installation Restoration Program (IRP) <ul><li>Department of Defense began restoration activities in 1975 under IRP </li></ul><ul><li>Not legally required to address prior contamination </li></ul>
    5. 5. A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) <ul><li>“ Superfund” enacted by Congress Dec 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Fund of $1.6B for cleaning up abandoned and hazardous waste sites </li></ul><ul><li>Required responsible parties to clean up releases of hazardous substances </li></ul>
    6. 6. A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) <ul><li>Amended CERCLA, October 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Made several additions, changes based on the past six years administering Superfund </li></ul><ul><li>Increased focus on human health problems </li></ul><ul><li>Established Defense Environmental Restoration Program (DERP) </li></ul>
    7. 7. A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Defense Environmental Restoration Program (DERP) <ul><li>Created by SARA Section 211 </li></ul><ul><li>Handles cleanup and remediation of active IRP sites </li></ul>
    8. 8. A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Base Realignment and Closure Act (BRAC) <ul><li>Passed by Congress in 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>To sustain military readiness and improve efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Four rounds (1988, 1991, 1993, 1995) </li></ul><ul><li>Many facilities transferred to commercial or public use </li></ul>
    9. 9. A Brief History… pre-1970’s 1975 1980 1986 1988 Today Base Realignment and Closure Act (BRAC) <ul><li>Since 1988, 29 major California installations closed </li></ul><ul><li>Economic loss of $9B annually; 200,000 jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimate return of 77,269 acres for industrial, commercial, recreational, residential use </li></ul>
    10. 10. BRAC Round I (1988)
    11. 11. Hamilton Army Airfield Hamilton Army Airfield <ul><li>25 mi. N of San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Novato, Marin County, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Average elevation of –5 feet </li></ul>
    12. 12. Hamilton Army Airfield <ul><li>In 1931, funds appropriated for construction of Hamilton Army Airfield. </li></ul><ul><li>Originally designed as a bomber installation, and later became a fighter base. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to runway limitations, used mainly for training by 1960s. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Hamilton Army Airfield <ul><li>When the US Air Force was created as an autonomous entity in 1947, named “Hamilton Air Force Base” </li></ul><ul><li>When base was closed in 1970s, part was taken over by the US Army and renamed “Hamilton Army Airfield” </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>HAA was hailed as the most modern military facility of its time </li></ul><ul><li>In operation until 1974; closed in 1976 </li></ul><ul><li>Surplused by the military and officially vacated in 1995. </li></ul>Hamilton Army Airfield
    15. 15. <ul><li>Large site, north section of the Airfield </li></ul><ul><li>Former garbage dump in low-lying area </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 15 acres, with impermeable cap of about 26 acres </li></ul>Landfill 26
    16. 16. <ul><li>During original land reclamation (agricultural) in late 1800s, Novato Creek was diverted from area now occupied by landfill. </li></ul>Landfill 26
    17. 17. <ul><li>Initial investigation showed that Landfill 26 was non-methanogenic </li></ul><ul><li>Subsequent monitoring has found sporadic methane concentrations beginning in 1998 </li></ul>Landfill 26
    18. 18. <ul><li>Additional investigation and remediation has taken place at the Landfill and in surrounding areas </li></ul>Landfill 26
    19. 19. <ul><li>Large amounts of environmental data have been collected, including </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil and refuse analyses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groundwater elevations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lithology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site features (topography, buildings, etc.) </li></ul></ul>Landfill 26
    20. 20. <ul><li>Additional investigation and remediation has taken place at the Landfill and in surrounding areas </li></ul>The Data Management Problem <ul><li>Most data were managed as hard copy, bound reports </li></ul><ul><li>Some attempts to use spreadsheets, databases </li></ul><ul><li>No GIS </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Problem 1: Accessing Historical Data </li></ul>The Data Management Problem
    22. 22. <ul><li>Problem 2: Entering/Utilizing Electronic Data </li></ul>The Data Management Problem ?
    23. 23. Data Borehole Log Data Groundwater Modeling Data Solid Modeling Data GIS The Data Management Problem <ul><li>Problem 3: No Spatial or Integrated Analysis </li></ul>
    24. 24. The Data Management Problem <ul><li>Problem 1: Accessing Historical Data </li></ul><ul><li>Problem 2: Entering/Utilizing Electronic Data </li></ul><ul><li>Problem 3: No Spatial or Integrated Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Also multiple organizations are often involved in a specific site project… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractors (Field Data) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analytical Laboratory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Environmental Agency (DEP, DEQ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Agencies (EPA, USACE) </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Data that cannot be used effectively and efficiently are as good as no data at all! The Data Management Problem <ul><li>Tendency to manage volumes of paper documents </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of quality control on data - moving between different systems/spreadsheets </li></ul><ul><li>Poor communications between participants </li></ul><ul><li>Problematic data exchange </li></ul>The result?
    26. 26. <ul><ul><li>With tools to check & validate data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links to many visualization and analysis tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That utilizes GIS as a spatial organizational tool and interface for all elements of the system </li></ul></ul>Solving the Data Management Problem What is needed is an integrated data management system…
    27. 27. <ul><li>Too much data to track with spreadsheets </li></ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets do not enforce data integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Many different modeling, analysis, and reporting applications </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata must be managed </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced GUI’s can be more easily created on a data warehouse than on spreadsheets </li></ul>Why use a Data Warehouse? Solving the Data Management Problem
    28. 28. The Data “Hostage” Scenario Data <ul><li>Proprietary Database </li></ul><ul><li>no ‘back-door’ access </li></ul><ul><li>developer’s schedule </li></ul><ul><li>cost </li></ul><ul><li>locked into their tools </li></ul><ul><li>low-volume </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling Application </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting/Logging </li></ul><ul><li>Groundwater Modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Visualization </li></ul>
    29. 29. Data … empowers the User Open Systems Architecture… Graphical User Interface/ Data Management System <ul><li>User Interface/DMS </li></ul><ul><li>Interface front-end to DB </li></ul><ul><li>Checking, loading data </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting, modeling, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct DB Access </li></ul><ul><li>Customization </li></ul><ul><li>Queries </li></ul><ul><li>Build tools/applications </li></ul>
    30. 30. <ul><li>EarthSoft’s E nvironmental Qu ality I nformation S ystem </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated data management for analytical chemistry, geology, hydrology, and more... </li></ul><ul><li>NOT graphics, but it will integrate with your visualization and analysis applications </li></ul>EQuIS Is... What is EQuIS?
    31. 31. ArcGIS EQuIS ERIS STORET WCMS Statistics, Risk Assessment Analytical Data Verification Contours, Modeling, 3D Vis. Field Sampling and Data Collection Electronic Data Checking Samples to Laboratory Laboratory Test Results, QA/QC Reports, CrossTabs The Data Management System
    32. 32. ArcGIS EQuIS Field Sampling and Data Collection Electronic Data Checking Samples to Laboratory Laboratory Test Results, QA/QC The Data Management System
    33. 33. What is EQuIS for ArcGIS?
    34. 34. EQuIS for ArcGIS: View Lithology
    35. 35. <ul><li>Multipatch geometries </li></ul><ul><li>Index Grid report </li></ul><ul><li>ArcMap Selection tab </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Table of Contents tab for viewing basic statistics of selected features </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Geodatabase class extensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic symbology rendering when adding data to ArcMap/ArcScene or previewing in ArcCatalog </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Automated metadata creation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Populates all required FGDC metadata items using information from the EQuIS system administration or project databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Including thumbnail creation showing layer’s symbology applied at time of creation </li></ul></ul>EQuIS for ArcGIS: Exposing Functionality
    36. 36. <ul><li>Represent multiple chemical concentrations using EQuIS for ArcGIS’ Layer Builder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize in ArcMap using pie chart symbology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize in ArcScene using Multivariate Sphere Multipatches (“beach balls”) </li></ul></ul>EQuIS for ArcGIS: Contaminant Correlation
    37. 37. EQuIS for ArcGIS: Contaminant Correlation
    38. 38. EQuIS for ArcGIS: 3D Features
    39. 39. Hamilton Army Airfield in ArcMap
    40. 40. Landfill 26 Area in ArcMap
    41. 41. Landfill 26 Monitoring Locations
    42. 42. Landfill 26 Lithology
    43. 43. Landfill 26 Borehole Log in gINT
    44. 44. EQuIS, ArcGIS, & gINT <ul><li>Intuitive, spatial access to geologic/environmental data </li></ul><ul><li>Context of site features (photos, buildings, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Export to gINT or other industry-standard borehole log products (i.e. LogPlot) </li></ul><ul><li>Report-quality log for engineering design </li></ul>
    45. 45. Landfill 26 Locations in GMS
    46. 46. Landfill 26 Lithology in GMS
    47. 47. Landfill 26 Cross-Sections in GMS
    48. 48. Landfill 26 Cross-Sections in GMS
    49. 49. Hydrostratigraphic Probability Model in GMS
    50. 50. EQuIS, ArcGIS, & GMS <ul><li>Intuitive, spatial access to geologic/environmental data </li></ul><ul><li>Context of site features (photos, buildings, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Multiscale geologic interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>One-click integration with GMS </li></ul><ul><li>Solid models, hydrostratigraphic models, groundwater models for contaminant fate and transport studies </li></ul>
    51. 51. Up Gradient Down Gradient Groundwater Contour in Surfer North
    52. 52. Topography in Surfer, shown in 3D Analyst
    53. 53. EQuIS, ArcGIS, & Surfer <ul><li>Automated export and creation of contours, grids, vector maps </li></ul><ul><li>Display in ArcMap (2D) and 3D Analyst (3D) </li></ul><ul><li>Map or photo may be draped on 3D grid </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates understanding of land surface, groundwater flow, contaminant migration </li></ul>
    54. 54. Landfill 26 Methane in Residential Area
    55. 55. Landfill 26 Relative Gas Map
    56. 56. EQuIS & ArcGIS <ul><li>Perform analyses in ArcMap or 3D Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Visually detect trends, correlations, or problems with data not readily noticeable when viewing tables or reports </li></ul><ul><li>Produce contaminant maps for site characterization </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor flow of landfill gas or groundwater contamination </li></ul><ul><li>Assess effectiveness of remedial implementation </li></ul>
    57. 57. In Conclusion <ul><li>Landfill 26 at HAA has a long history of environmental activities, generated much data. </li></ul><ul><li>In the past, the only option for putting all the pieces together was time-consuming, expensive, and manual. </li></ul><ul><li>When software was used, it required entry of the same data many times. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing EQuIS & ArcGIS allows truly integrated data management and analysis, resulting in better decisions and more efficient response. </li></ul>
    58. 58. Thank You! Booth 807
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