ConSoil 2008
           10th Annual UFZ/TNO Conference on Soil-Water Systems
           EU Critical Demonstration Best
   ...
CLU-IN                                                               Interstate Technology & Regulatory Council
EPA’s Haza...
The Critical Role of Data Management

             ConSoil 2008 – Milan
                        Carlos Pachon
            ...
Estimated Number of Sites and
Remediation Cost In the US (‘04-’33)

Program                 Sites                   Cleanu...
A Simplified Project Data Lifecycle

                                  Store
                                 and QA
     ...
Store and Process Data

                           Relational databases are modified
                           to test fo...
Benefits of Real Time Data
Management

 Increased traceability of data (defensibility)
 More tools to make it easier to un...
Innovative Tools

      Rapid Assessment Tools (RAT) – Freeware
      Scriblets/Scribe – Freeware
      Field Assessment S...
Hardware Integration

GPS                                                                         XRF

Trimble
           ...
RAT

Advantages:
  Data directly downloaded from instruments
  Locations tied to GPS Locations
  Data storage in data base...
SCRIBE: Environmental Data
                                                  Management System Overview
     Satellite

  ...
Milltown Data Collection Logic
Diagram
Sample location                                  Hourly Queries
Information: GPS
Su...
Three Mobile Laboratories Used to
Generate Analytical Data




                                                           ...
Location of Chlorobenzene Plume

Chlorobenzene Plume




                                                      34




Chlo...
Site Information Management:
            Communication

 ConSoil 2008 – Milan
                         Carlos Pachon
     ...
What is a Project/Team Web Site?

 A tool that can be used to efficiently communicate with
 team members and centrally man...
Project/Team Web Site Tools

 EPA WebOSC


 EPA Environmental Science Connector (ESC)
 Workbench


 EPA Portal Collaborati...
Other Online Meeting Tools

 Go2Meeting
                         Welcome to Cisco Unified

 MeetingPlace            Meetin...
Site Information Management:
              Make Decisions

  ConSoil 2008 – Milan
                             Tom Purucke...
SADA Capabilities and Decision Flow




                                                           52




XRF SADA Case St...
FIELDS Tools

 The FIELDS Tools are a
 set of modules designed
 for contamination
 characterization. The
 modules include:...
FIELDS Software

Advantages:
  RAT allows in-field data collection and analysis
  RAT and F/S Plus are freeware
  FIELDS T...
Comparing Extents of Contaminants




  Isoconcentration maps highlight areas of overlap,
  allowing project team to focus...
Lone Butte Industrial Park
Case Study

 Large industrial park up gradient of a casino, golf
 course, and agricultural user...
Lone Butte Industrial Park
Summary

  Data visualizations were used to identify potential
  source areas
  Visualizations ...
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ConSoil 2008 Data Management

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The Critical Role of Data Management, presented by the EPA at the ConSoil 2008 conference. EQuIS is listed on Slide 8 as one of the common EPA Regional Data Warehouses.

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ConSoil 2008 Data Management

  1. 1. ConSoil 2008 10th Annual UFZ/TNO Conference on Soil-Water Systems EU Critical Demonstration Best Sampling Triad Best Management and of Method ThePanel Design—Avoiding Pitfalls in Conducting ato the EvolvingMechanics of Green Remediation:Data Management 2— IntroductionRole of Tools Practices Part 1— Environmental Sampling Dynamic Work Strategies Conceptual Practices Case ApplicabilitySite Designing Quality Control ManagementandModel Part 1 Studies Systematic Planning Case Studies 2 Programs for X-Ray Flourescence in Soil CERCLA Education Center June 2008
  2. 2. CLU-IN Interstate Technology & Regulatory Council EPA’s Hazardous Waste Clean-Up Information (CLU- The Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council IN) Web site provides information about innovative (ITRC) is a state-led coalition working together treatment and site characterization technologies. with federal partners, industry, academia, and It describes programs, organizations, publications, stakeholders to achieve regulatory acceptance and other tools for federal and state personnel, of environmental technologies. In conjunction with EPA’s consulting engineers, technology developers and vendors, Technology Innovation and Field Services Division, ITRC delivers remediation contractors, individual citizens, and all other waste training through the Internet to reach a geographically dispersed remediation stakeholders. http://clu-in.org audience of regulators, consultants, and other members of the environmental community. www.itrcweb.org Trainex Exchange The Training Exchange Environmental Response Training Program Web site provides a wide As part of EPA’s comprehensive program for range of training information to EPA, other federal agency, state, protecting the public and the environment from hazardous tribal, and local staff involved in hazardous waste management materials, EPA’s Environmental Response Training Program’s and remediation. The site provides training schedules for (ERTP) courses are designed for personnel who respond to spill classroom and internet-based courses. Through Trainex, EPA events and investigate and clean up abandoned hazardous works in partnership with other organizations and agencies waste sites. Training is provided in health and safety and various to offer training relevant to hazardous waste remediation, site technical operations needed to identify, evaluate, and control characterization, risk assessment, emergency response, site/ hazardous substances that have been released. ERTP quickly incident management, counter-terrorism, and the community’s develops technically-focused courses to address emerging role in site management and cleanup. www.trainex.org issues faced by responders (such as Anthrax, biohazards, and air monitoring for weapons of mass destruction). For information, Brownfields and Land Revitalization visit www.trainex.org and select the ERTP. Technology Support Center Coordinated through EPA’s Technology Innovation Program, the U.S. EPA Technical Support Project Brownfields and Land Revitalization Technology Support Center Provides technical assistance to Regional Remedial ensures that Brownfields decision makers are aware of the full Project Managers, Corrective Action Staff, and On-Scene range of technologies available to make informed or “smart” Coordinators. The Project consists of a network of Regional technology decisions for their sites. The Brownfields Center Forums and specialized Technical Support Centers located in provides a readily accessible resource for unbiased assessments ORD and the Office of Radiation Programs (ORP) laboratories, and supporting information on options relevant to specific sites, and OSWER’s Environmental Response Team. technology-oriented reviews for investigation and clean-up plans, www.epa.gov/tio/tsp and information about other available support activities, such as those conducted by the Technical Assistance to Brownfields Federal Remediation (TAB) Program located at the five regional Hazardous Substance Technologies Roundtable Research Centers. Direct support is available to EPA regional The Federal Remediation Technologies staff, state staff, and local governments. www.brownfieldstsc.org Roundtable (FRTR) works to build a collaborative atmosphere among federal Technology Innovation Program agencies involved in hazardous waste site Home Page on EPA’s Web Site cleanup. FRTR was established in 1990 to The Technology Innovation Program’s Web site provides bring together top federal cleanup program managers and other information about characterization and treatment technologies remediation community representatives to share information for the hazardous waste remediation community. It offers and plan for the future. FRTR members-agencies include U.S. technology selection tools and describes programs, Department of Defense, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, organizations, and publications resources for federal and state U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of the Interior, and personnel, consulting engineers, technology developers and National Aeronautics and Space Administration. www.frtr.gov vendors, remediation contractors, researchers, community groups, and individual citizens. Their goal is to create an Green Remediation information support network for technology decision makers who Green Remediation Web helps address contamination of soil or groundwater. www.epa.gov/tio stakeholders incorporate sustainable practices into hazardous site cleanup. The site provides Triad Resource Center access to information on technical issues such as treatment This is the official web site for the Triad approach. system optimization, renewable energy resources, and site EPA and a multiagency partnership developed management techniques. The site is part of EPA’s efort to the site to provide one-stop-shopping for Triad increase sustainability of site cleanup by sharing site-specific information, case studies, training opportunities, case studies, best management practices, and partnerships and news. www.triadcentral.org and opportunities such as government incentives and pilot demonstrations. http://clu-in.org/greenremediation
  3. 3. The Critical Role of Data Management ConSoil 2008 – Milan Carlos Pachon U.S. EPA Technology Innovation & Field Services Division pachon.carlos@epa.gov 703-603-9904 Robert Howe Tetra Tech EM Inc. robert.howe@ttemi.com Tom Purucker U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development purucker.tom@epa.gov 1 Course Objectives Understand the lifecycle of project data » Collection and transfer » Storage and processing » Communicate results » Visualization and decision-making Gain an appreciation for electronic information collection techniques and data visualization tools Increase your knowledge of available tools, resources, services, and where to go for assistance 2 Contaminated Site Cleanup in the U.S. Five major markets 1. Federal facilities, mainly Department of Defense and Department of Energy 2. EPA’s Superfund Program 3. RCRA corrective action program 4. Underground storage tanks 5. “Brownfields” and State programs 3 1
  4. 4. Estimated Number of Sites and Remediation Cost In the US (‘04-’33) Program Sites Cleanup Cost NPL 1,146 - 1,926 $41 - 103 B RCRA, CA 3,829 $31 - 58 B RCRA, UST 215,827 - 395,827 $27 - 49 B DOD 6,199 $31 B DOE 5,000 $73 B Civilian Agencies 3,000 $15 - 22 B States & Private 150,000 $ 30 B Total Range 385,001 - 565,781 $248 - 366 B Middle Value 475,000 $302 B 4 The Triad Approach Second Generation Practices Systematic Dynamic Project Work Strategy Planning Real Time Measurement Technologies Synthesizes practitioner experience, successes, and lessons- learned into an institutional framework 5 Field sampling and analytical equipment provides more data; however data ≠ information 6 2
  5. 5. A Simplified Project Data Lifecycle Store and QA Process •Analyzedataand •Import preliminary •Share Collect data using interpret results data microcomputer and •Initial record check Communicate Collect REPEAT •Share results with customized forms •Initialto feedback •Obtain linked QA/QC stakeholders a relational evaluations databaseadditional •Collect •Plan follow-on data as necessary •Bench-top reviews activities Visualize and Make Decisions 7 The Big Picture: Data Flow & Tools Collect Data Field tools (eg XRF) Field Database (Scribe) Store Data Data mgnt tools (ex, EDD, Scriblets, Forms Regional Data Process Data II Lite, etc. at EPA) Repository (WQX/STORET, EQuIS) Database Field Data Make Decisions Lab Data Evolving Conceptual Site Model Communicate MAROS Scribe.net F/S Plus EPA OSC Website FIELDS Tools Quickplace VSP Collaboration Pages SADA Web Conferencing DST Matrix Decision Support Tools Distance Collaboration EVS Data Visualization Tools Collect Data Continuing advances in technologies generating real time field data Data can be directly downloaded into electronic data deliverables (EDD) to deliver preliminary results to a relational Field Data database Lab Data » Examples: XRF, LIF, FFD, EC, CPT, From Field tools: MIP, Immunoassays, Mobil Lab (eg XRF, LIF, EC, CPT, Flexible database formats vs. MIP, FFD, Mobil Lab) standardization To: Ease of data - Pull-down screens and Scriblets customizable database forms prompt Forms II Lite sampling crews to include metadata R5 EDD,SEDD (Example: Scriblets, FAST) 9 3
  6. 6. Store and Process Data Relational databases are modified to test for QA/QC requirements Data is queried, allowing site Database personnel to perform desktop Field Database reviews (Scribe) Reconciliation of identified QA/QC Regional Data Repository issues in the field (WQX/STORET, EQuIS) Output data to applications 10 Communicate Information Decision makers and stakeholders are dispersed – How do we communicate with them? Use of project/site-oriented websites where team members can quickly and securely share information Distance » Example: EPA WebOSC sites Collaboration » Example: QuickPlace sites EPA OSC Website Lotus QuickPlace Live virtual meeting tools allow teams to review EPA Scribe.net information as if they were in the same physical Web Conferencing space » Example: Go2Meeting (commercial) » Example: MeetingPlace (commercial) 11 Make Decisions Field data and lab data on a common platform allow teams to use decision support tools to help Decision Support Tools with dynamic sampling designs and Data Visualization Tools visualization of available information NARAC/IMAAC » Examples: Visualization of site F/S Plus conditions at Milltown redevelopment FIELDS Tools site; Fort Lewis firing range; Lone VSP Butte Industrial Park chlorinated SADA solvents site DST Matrix EVS 12 4
  7. 7. Benefits of Real Time Data Management Increased traceability of data (defensibility) More tools to make it easier to understand results and make decisions (reliability) Improved communications internally (dependability) More confidence in decision-making (Representativeness) (continued) 13 Benefits of Real Time Data Management Optimization of sampling plans to cut cost (defensibility) Stakeholder buy-in during decision makings (trust) Consensus vision on issues (efficiency) Rapid reuse (client satisfaction) 14 Site Information Management: Data Collection, Storage, and Processing ConSoil 2008 – Milan Robert A. Howe Tetra Tech EMI robert.howe@ttemi.com 303-441-7911 15 5
  8. 8. Innovative Tools Rapid Assessment Tools (RAT) – Freeware Scriblets/Scribe – Freeware Field Assessment Survey Tool (FAST) – Freeware to EPA Region 7 and ERT 16 The Rapid Assessment Tools (RAT) 17 RAT Architecture Visual Basic Conversion to .NET framework (June, 2006) ActiveX Control multi-threading multi- multi-com port multi- retrieval • Geodatabase (March 2008) 18 6
  9. 9. Hardware Integration GPS XRF Trimble Radiation Leica Sensors Magellan Air Monitoring GPS (NEMA) and external devices are Air linked to a laptop via Serial I/O ports Particulates Any GPS that sends a standard NMEA string can be used depending on accuracy required. This gives you real-time locations requiring no post processing. Any sensor device both analog and digital can be incorporated into the software. Up to three sensors with GPS can be configured at one time. 19 Integrated Devices Radiation Devices » Ludlum 2221 Data logger — single value data output — half-duplex (data out only) » Ludlum 2350 & 2241 Data Logger — Full Duplex (logger sends & receives) — Scaler, count, & dose dump) » Inovision 451P Air Monitoring Devices » MultiRAE — Over 14 sensors available from RAE Systems (CO, H2S, VOCs, O2, LEL, etc.) » Data RAM — Particulates, Temperature, Humidity, etc. » Draeger Multiwarn — (CO, H2S, VOCs, Toxics) Soil Monitoring Devices » XRF — Over 23 different Metals 20 RAT Data Storage and Processing Import Options Background images, can be imported into projects for better visualization of the study site, defining boundaries, or creating a sample design AutoCAD files and ESRI Shapefiles can be loaded into projects Export Options RAT data can be exported to the EPA Scribe database http://www.ertsupport.org/, or Microsoft Excel or Access Spatial image index querying capabilities allow users to obtain geographic data for projects using a lookup table method 21 7
  10. 10. RAT Advantages: Data directly downloaded from instruments Locations tied to GPS Locations Data storage in data base compatible with visualization applications Limitations: Not compatible with MIP, LIF, or other real time tools Visualization programs (Fields) are slow 22 FAST: PDA Field Application Concept Analytical Laboratories Office Use FAST On-Site Data Collector Server & Database Maintenance Command Center/Base Web Network (Web Database) PDA Data Collector: Command Center: Sample Data Print Field Sheets GPS Data Print Maps & Photos Photographs Access to Forms II Lite/Scribe Maps 23 FAST – Field Assessment Survey Tool Advantages Custom data collection forms without programming ‘Drop down menus’ and ‘input validation’ Data can be uploaded to the relational database and/or FAST web console Disadvantages Underlying platform outdated Cumbersome PDAs, trend is in favor of Tablet PCs 24 8
  11. 11. SCRIBE: Environmental Data Management System Overview Satellite GPS Data D Data Lat/Long Lo ata gg er Applications SCRIBE Models Data Complete Field Data Network Station PDA SCRIBE Import Data Handheld/PDA Monitoring Data SCRIBE SAS Data Sampling Network Station & Physical SCRIBE Monitoring Samples Result Data Data (EDD) database SCRIBE Data Word/ Analytical WordPerfect Labs (QA/QC) Network Station 25 Scriblets – Field PDA Advantages: Pre-determined data entry fields Pull-down menus Chain of custody and label generation Disadvantages: Learning curve Power limitations No mapping capabilities 26 Milltown Redevelopment Project – Case Study 22 acre Brownfield site located in New Jersey Long history of industrialization but no clear past use records Slated for mixed light industrial reuse Variety of potential contaminants of potential concern »VOCs, TPH, metals, PAHs, PCBs 27 9
  12. 12. Milltown Data Collection Logic Diagram Sample location Hourly Queries Information: GPS Survey Grade Field Maps Sample Collection Gateway Scribe Data Displays Information: PDA (human) Database Input using Scriblets Web site postings Collaborative Sample Analytical Information Selection From Real Time & Non Real Time Methods Data QA/QC Analysis INPUT OUTPUT 28 Survey Grade GPS Based Instruments Used to Provide X,Y,Z Coordinates 29 PDA Link to Laptop with Scribe Software 30 10
  13. 13. Three Mobile Laboratories Used to Generate Analytical Data 31 Milltown Redevelopment Project Stage 2 SI/RI Target Investigation Areas Chlorobenzene Plume Area e a Ar n tio i ga st ve Coal In Storage er at Area W d un ro /G i ng Area Behind or B Powerhouse e id W te Si Soil Boring and/or Ground Water Sampling Location 32 Site Wide Soil Borings Eliminate Red Numbered Borings 33 11
  14. 14. Location of Chlorobenzene Plume Chlorobenzene Plume 34 Chlorobenzene Plume Detail 35 Milltown Redevelopment Project Lessons Learned »Scribe & Scriblets: allow for rapid processing of large amounts of collaborative field data »Web site very useful in allowing stakeholders to continuously update on findings »Chlorobenzene source investigation and plume delineation completed in a single mobilization »Field data useful in focusing where highest level data would be of the greatest value 36 12
  15. 15. Site Information Management: Communication ConSoil 2008 – Milan Carlos Pachon U.S. EPA Technology Innovation & Field Services Division pachon.carlos@epa.gov 703-603-9904 37 Value of Effective Data Communication Share results remotely with technical experts (better decisions) Engage all stakeholders more thoroughly »Build client trust »Facilitate regulator buy-in Facilitate team work and secure robust decisions 38 Tools to Communicate Information Project/Team Websites » Intra and internet » Web portals Online Meetings Document Libraries Virtual Resources 39 13
  16. 16. What is a Project/Team Web Site? A tool that can be used to efficiently communicate with team members and centrally manage information for a project Combines and expands upon commonly used resources such as: » E-mails » FTP sites » Electronic calendars » Task lists You can think of it as a “shared” drive on the Internet 40 Why Use a Project/Team Web Site? Site teams or workgroups made up of diverse stakeholders: »Local governments »State and federal regulators »Contractors »Site owners and developers Projects involve many forms of information exchange: reports, data, presentations, meetings, approvals, etc. 41 Project/Team Web Sites A project/team website can provide: » Discussion – use in lieu of email threads » Library – store documents, reports, etc. » Calendar – schedule key meetings and events » Tasks – track actions and milestones » Members – keep contact information centrally located Options can be customized to meet the needs of a particular team Site is created and managed by its members so there is virtually no expense to the project team 42 14
  17. 17. Project/Team Web Site Tools EPA WebOSC EPA Environmental Science Connector (ESC) Workbench EPA Portal Collaboration Workspace Lotus QuickPlace 43 Online Meetings Share materials live Share other applications Let other participants share materials Polling Chat with host, public, or groups of participants Record entire event for future download or replay Send automatic e-mails And more…. 44 Tools to Host Online Meetings EPA Portal Oracle Web Conference » http://hawkeye.epa.gov/imtapp/app/prelogin.uix » Public page, anyone can become a user » Can share anything live from reports, models, movies, etc. » Audio can be shared with a PC microphone » Used to walk people through presentations, view data live, review illustrations of site Sametime » https://epastx.rtp.epa.gov/epacenter.nsf » Username/password required » Can share anything live » Used to walk people through presentations, view data live, review illustrations of site 45 15
  18. 18. Other Online Meeting Tools Go2Meeting Welcome to Cisco Unified MeetingPlace MeetingPlace * Meeting ID ID Meeting EPA Teleconference Web site »http://www.teleconferencingcenter.com/ »Can share PowerPoint files online 46 Other Communication Tools Instant Messaging » Sametime – built into Lotus Notes » Oracle Messenger – install and use from anywhere Document Library Sites » EPA Portal Content Services » SDMS – a Simple Document Management System for Lotus Notes (freeware) Virtual Tools » Mapping » Geospacial 47 EPA Mapping Resources http://www.epa.gov/enviro/ »Runs Virtual Earth in background 48 16
  19. 19. Site Information Management: Make Decisions ConSoil 2008 – Milan Tom Purucker U.S. EPA Region 4 706-355-8123 Purucker.Tom@epa.gov 49 Decision Support Tools Spatial Analysis and Decision Assistance (SADA) – Freeware FIeld EnvironmentaL Decision Support (FIELDS) – Freeware built on proprietary GIS (Arc) EVS and MVS – Proprietary 50 SADA – A Decision Making Tool GIS Sample design Data management Statistics Data screening Geospatial interpolation Risk assessment (human, ecological) Uncertainty analysis Decision analysis 51 17
  20. 20. SADA Capabilities and Decision Flow 52 XRF SADA Case Study Fort Lewis, Tacoma, WA - 2 former small arms ranges and a skeet range XRF data used to map soil volumes requiring treatment Volume estimates used to evaluate remedial alternatives Material > 1,000 ppm lead stabilized and reused 53 FIELDS (FIeld EnvironmentaL Decision Support) U.S. EPA Region 5 technical group Create software for contamination characterization Software includes » FIELDS Tools for ArcGIS » F/S Plus » RAT (Rapid Assessment Tools) 54 18
  21. 21. FIELDS Tools The FIELDS Tools are a set of modules designed for contamination characterization. The modules include: sample design, database, modeling, and analysis tools (e.g., mass/volume estimation, remediation scenarios). The FIELDS Tools for ArcGIS can be downloaded at: http://epa.instepsoftware. com/FIELDS/ 55 F/S Plus F/S Plus is a stand-alone 2-D/3-D software developed in conjunction with SADA Allows for 2-D and 3-D modeling and analysis More information and to download F/S Plus: http://epa.instepsoftware. com/FIELDS/ 56 Rapid Assessment Tools (RAT) RAT integrates real time GPS positions with data from external sensors (XRF, Rad units, Air monitors) to provide instantaneous snapshots of field conditions. Data are stored in GIS/Database compatible format eliminating need for conversion or manual data entry More information and to download RAT: http://epa.instepsoftware.com/ RAT/ 57 19
  22. 22. FIELDS Software Advantages: RAT allows in-field data collection and analysis RAT and F/S Plus are freeware FIELDS Tools and F/S Plus allow extensive contamination characterization Limitations: FIELDS Tools require ArcGIS, proprietary Learning curve and time intensive to prepare graphics 58 Case Study: Marino Bros. Scrapyard FIELDS was used to refine the preliminary CSM to guide the selection of an approach to site cleanup: » query data » develop ArcView shape files based on the query » contour the data (isoconcentration maps) » and perform mass and volume calculations The preliminary CSM was used to develop estimates of expected volumes of soil to be removed in order to clean up site for reuse 59 FIELDS as a Visualization Tool 0- to 2-foot interval 2- to 4-foot interval 60 20
  23. 23. Comparing Extents of Contaminants Isoconcentration maps highlight areas of overlap, allowing project team to focus on a smaller suite of analytes. 61 Use of FIELDS at Marino Bros.: Outcomes Two types of estimates were needed to develop the SOW for site remediation: (1) volume of soil to be excavated, and (2) volumes of soil to be shipped to Class I and Class II landfills SADA was used in combination with FIELDS to meet project objectives 62 EVS Software Advantages: Proprietary software capable of 3-D visualizations and multiple views Time series depictions to identify trends Model compatible solids Limitations: Cost Learning curve 63 21
  24. 24. Lone Butte Industrial Park Case Study Large industrial park up gradient of a casino, golf course, and agricultural users in Phoenix, New Mexico Key Study Question? »What will be the impact of a chlorinated solvent plume on increased water use down gradient of the site? »Where are the sources of contamination? 64 Site Geology with Logs 65 TCE Oblique View 66 22
  25. 25. Lone Butte Industrial Park Summary Data visualizations were used to identify potential source areas Visualizations showed how geology will control migration pathways Critical data gaps in results were identified Future sampling events were optimized 67 Summary Triad projects benefit from the use of nimble real- time data collection, processing, and communication tools to support decision making Real-time decision making can dramatically reduce overall project costs and improve the certainty with which decision are made More data evaluation and storage tools are becoming available, but project teams need to plan ahead to be successful 68 Thank You! Questions and comments are welcomed! For more information Carlos Pachon U.S. EPA Technology Innovation & Field Services Division pachon.carlos@epa.gov 703-603-9904 69 23

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