Heart Disease Linked To


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Heart Disease Linked To

  1. 1. Heart Disease Linked To Too Much Cholesterol In Lysosomes By: Brooke Jackson Honors Biology 4 th period Mrs. Kelley
  2. 2. Description Of This Disease <ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Chest Pain or Chest Discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>Palpitations </li></ul><ul><li>Lightheadedness or Dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Syncope (loss of consciousness) </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue, lethargy or daytime dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Prognosis </li></ul><ul><li>Average life years lost from Heart disease: 11.0 years </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths from Heart disease: 725,192 annual deaths; 30.3% of deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Cause of death rank: Leading cause of death in 1999 and 2000 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Description con’t <ul><li>Prognosis con’t </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated mortality rate </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths: 725,191 30.3% of deaths) </li></ul><ul><li>Incidence: 22,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Medications </li></ul><ul><li>Altace-It is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). </li></ul><ul><li>Cardizem Oral- is used with or without other medications to treat chest pain (angina). </li></ul><ul><li>Lipitor Oral- Atorvastatin is an enzyme blocker.It is used along with a proper diet to help lower cholesterol and fats in the blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Plavix Oral- Clopidogrel is used to prevent heart attacks and strokes in persons with heart disease </li></ul>
  4. 4. Main causes of Cardiovascular Disease <ul><li>Risk factors that aren’t modified </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heredity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk factors that are modified </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diet </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise Regiment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Victims that are involved <ul><li>In African Americans, it is the leading cause of death </li></ul><ul><li>Smokers have a greater chance of having cardiovascular disease. </li></ul><ul><li>People whose family is known to carry this disease. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Case study <ul><li>An 38 year old African American male has developed heart disease. He was diagnosed with high blood pressure 6 years ago as was told to do the following: take his high blood pressure and water pill medication, stay on a low fat, low sodium diet, exercise, quit smoking, and lose weight. This individual did not follow doctor’s recommendations, therefore, his ventricle begin to overwork and stretch to compensate. Due to this overworking of the heart, his heart became enlarged overtime. He now has an enlarged heart that can not pump effectively. Due to this ineffectiveness of the heart to pump effectively, he lost blood supply to his kidneys and they failed. He is now on dialysis three times a week. He had a pacemaker inserted to help with the pumping function of the heart. If his condition worsen, the only treatment left is a heart transplant. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Images of arteries that have been affected by heart disease <ul><li>In figure one, the left ventricle is enlarged due to being overworked. </li></ul><ul><li>In figure two, due to smoking and an unhealthy diet, plaque has build in the coronary artery. </li></ul>1. 2.
  8. 8. The future of this disease <ul><li>There is no official procedure that can cure heart disease. New medications are developed everyday to help taper heart disease. Organizations have many different ways of raising money to help support finding the cure for this tragic illness. </li></ul>
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