What is public speaking?•Process of speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners.
5 Basic Elements• “Who is saying what to whom using what medium with what effects?”
4 Types of Public Speaking Informative Persuasive Ceremonial Extemporaneous
INFORMATIVE SPEECH to impart information Examples: business presentations, seminars, class presentations Should be short precise Keep audience in mind and aim to cater to their needs How to determine success? - how much the audience could undestand from the speech
PERSUASIVE SPEECH To persuade or convince a group of people Aim to influence and change the opinions of the audience Commonly used by sales and marketing people Also used to influence political and religious views
CEREMONIAL SPEECH Is given on special occasions like wedding, funerals, graduation parties, retirement parties etc. How to make these speeches effective? Add a personal touch to it The speech can humorous, touching or emotional according to the mood. However, one needs to be cautious in order to not make any snide remarks.
EXTEMPORANEOUS SPEECHES Also known as impromptu speeches Will cause speaker to feel nervous and panicky Speaker will have to quickly think about the points regarding the topic and speak before the audience with confidence. A good public speaker is not a talkative person; but understands the type of speech that needs to be given.
AUDIENCE AND RESEARCH Know your audience before speaking Why you need to know your audience How to find out about the audience Before you speak Who is in the audince? Gain rapport At the beginning of the talk Comedian tested audience
Prepare for some modifications Dont be a self-centered speaker During the talk Whats wrong with you people Dont get the bored Benefits of knowing the audience Summary
STYLE & DELIVERY 7 ASPECTS OF A DYNAMIC PRESENTATION Speaker Message Audience Channel Feedback Noise Setting