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Making inferences and drawing conclusions

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Making inferences and drawing conclusions

1. 1. Making Inferences @ Drawing Conclusions
2. 2. Daily Inferencing • Jigsaw puzzles • Answering Riddles • Problem Solving (backtracking) • Answering questions • Reading • Math word problems • Conversing with people
3. 3. • Form an opinion or make judgement based on: the facts presented in the reading material your personal experience.• Helps to summarise all the information gathered from your reading.
4. 4. • What do we know about this picture?• What do you see?• What can we infer from the clues?
5. 5. • What do we know about the event in the photo?• What is the mood of the event?• What other activities may be occurring at the same time or later?
6. 6. Ariff: Hazman must be in love!Zarul: How do you know that? I spoke with him last week and he did not say anything about it.Ariff: Well, he’s been taking extra care of his appearance. Moreover, he’s been splashing himself with cologne. Guess what! This morning Hamid caught him daydreaming and smiling to himself during Physics class!
7. 7. How do you reach a conclusion?
8. 8. You can also…Ask yourself these questions:3.What do I know about the topic?4.How do I know this information?5.How can I explain this?6.How did I arrive at the conclusion?7.What details did I refer to?
9. 9. What can you conclude here?Thick dust covered all the furniture in theroom. Our feet left dirty footprints on thefloor as we walked across to the other door.The room was quite dark because very littlelight could penetrate the smeared windowpanes. What are the key words?
10. 10. Try this:1. It is 6p.m in the evening, the place is overcrowded. The queues at the ticket counters have grown very long. The tickets to the film are selling fast. What can you conclude about the film?
11. 11. 2. A lady is alone at home in the city on Christmas day. There is a Christmas tree in front of her. She has a distant look in her eyes as she stares at the tree. What can you conclude about the lady?
12. 12. Use the table below to guide you…Main IdeaSupporting DetailsYour prior knowledgeon the subjectLogical conclusion
13. 13. Read the paragraph carefully and come up with your own conclusion.People have always been fascinated by hybrids andmutant animals, and the need to satisfy thisfascination has threatened the animal population. Toattract the public, zoos and menageries once bredexotic-looking hybrid big cats. The bigger and moreferocious looking, the better the public liked them.However, due to conservation efforts, deliberatehybridisation is prohibited in most zoos. Nevertheless,it still happens privately among individuals willing toexperiment with breeding different cat species. On theother hand, mutations such as white tigers and blackleopards are scarce. This is because in the past, it wascommon for any unusual big cats to be shot anddisplayed.
14. 14. Read the paragraph carefully and come up with your own conclusion.cholesterol is a type of fat known as lipid which,in moderate amounts, is useful to the body. Oneimportant function of cholesterol, is to help thebody make new cells. However, we mustconstantly keep our cholesterol levels in check.This is because excess sholesterol will build up inour arteries, making it difficult for blood to flowto our tissues, including the heart. This can leadto serious problems, including heart attacks andstrokes.
15. 15. Read the paragraph and choose the inference that best fits the information presented:Inspector Snoop was at the scene of the murder for half anhour. The victim, a 25 year old mother of two, was foundlying on the blood-stained living room carpet. InspectorSnoop seemed interested with the coffee table in front ofthe velvet cream settee. On it were two empty glasses andan empty ashtray containing a cigarette butt and a half-smoked Cuban cigar which was still warm. The cigarrettebutt had traces of lipstick and the cigar had the initials PAon it. a. The Victim was an alchoholic c. The victim was last seen by someone with the intials PA
16. 16. Reporter: What do you think of the driving scenes in films today as compared to the ones in the past?Film Critic: If you saw the driving scenes in films from the late 50s or 60s, you would probably giggle. Imagine a scene of a hero grabbing the heroine and driving off. What is interesting is not how he grabs his heroine but how the car he drives moves- the car is actually stationary and it is the background that is moving. Now, compare that to the’car- chase’ scenes in films today. These scenes are a favourite among many cinema goers. Some of the scenes are so realistically projected. Sometimes, it is possible to see a scene at different angles-even from the interior of the car.
17. 17. Julio and his father had been looking forward to their fishing trip for weeks. They didnt take much food with them on the trip. When they started fishing they were quickly approached by a forest ranger. He asked Julios father if he had a fishing license. Julios father reached into his wallet and suddenly got a terrified look on his face. Julio was disappointed that night as he ate dinner.• Why did Julio and his father not take much food with them on the trip?
18. 18. a. they didnt want to eat too muchb. they didnt have any food at their housec. they were planning on eating the fish thatthey caughtd. they dont like to eat fish
19. 19. Richard and Luis had been hiking for hours. Richard had to carry Luis for the last few miles of the hike. Sweat was rolling down his face as the sun shone directly overhead.• What conclusion can be drawn about Luiss age? a. He is older than Richard b. He is the same age as Richard c. He just had a birthday d. He is younger than Richard
20. 20. • What time of day is it? a. Morning b. Midday c. Midnight d. Night
21. 21. • So…. why do you think making judgements and drawing conclusions are important?Critical reader.Generate ideas and information.
22. 22. Project:• Choose a picture that shows the end of a possible story.• Create a short story that tells what led up to this ending.• Present your story to the class.
23. 23. Example: