Leadership

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Leadership

  1. 1. LEADERSHIP 1
  2. 2. Study Question 1: What is the nature of leadership? Leadership. – The process of inspiring others to work hard to accomplish important tasks. Contemporary leadership challenges: – Shorter time frames for accomplishing things. – Expectations for success on the first attempt. – Complex, ambiguous, and multidimensional problems. – Taking a long-term view while meeting short-term demands. 2
  3. 3. Study Question 1: What is the nature of leadership? Power. – Ability to get someone else to do something you want done or make things happen the way you want. Power should be used to influence and control others for the common good rather seeking to exercise control for personal satisfaction. Two sources of managerial power: – Position power. – Personal power. 3
  4. 4. Study Question 2: What are the important leadership traits and behaviors? Traits that are important for leadership success: – Drive – Self-confidence – Creativity – Cognitive ability – Business knowledge – Motivation – Flexibility – Honesty and integrity 4
  5. 5. Study Question 2: What are the important leadership traits and behaviors? Leadership behavior – Leadership behavior theories focus on how leaders behave when working with followers. – Leadership styles are recurring patterns of behaviors exhibited by leaders. – Basic dimensions of leadership behaviors: • Concern for the task to be accomplished. • Concern for the people doing the work. 5
  6. 6. Study Question 2: What are the important leadership traits and behaviors?  Task concerns  People concerns – Plans and defines work – Acts warm and supportive to be done. toward followers. – Assigns task – Develops social rapport responsibilities. with followers. – Respects the feelings of – Sets clear work followers. standards. – Is sensitive to followers’ – Urges task completion. needs. – Monitors performance – Shows trust in followers. results. 6
  7. 7. Study Question 2: What are the important leadership traits and behaviors?  Classic leadership styles: – Autocratic style. • Emphasizes task over people, keeps authority and information within the leader’s tight control, and acts in a unilateral command-and- control fashion. – Laissez-faire style. • Shows little concern for task, lets the group make decisions, and acts with a “do the best you can and don’t bother me” attitude. – Democratic style. • Committed to task and people, getting things done while sharing information, encouraging participation in decision making, and helping people develop skills and competencies. 7
  8. 8. Study Question 3: What are the contingency approaches to leadership? Fiedler’s Contingency Model. – Good leadership depends on a match between leadership and situational demands. – Determining leadership style: • Low LPC  task-motivated leaders. • High LPC  relationship-motivated leaders. – Leadership is part of one’s personality, and therefore relatively enduring and difficult to change. – Leadership style must be fit to the situation. 8
  9. 9. Study Question 3: What are the contingency approaches to leadership? Fiedler’s contingency model (cont.). – Diagnosing situational control: • Quality of leader-member relations (good or poor). • Degree of task structure (high or low). • Amount of position power (strong or weak). – Task oriented leaders are most successful in: • Very favorable (high control) situations. • Very unfavorable (low control) situations. – Relationship-oriented leaders are most successful in: • Situations of moderate control. 9
  10. 10. Figure 16.4 Matching leadership style and situation: summary predictions from Fiedler’s contingency theory. 10
  11. 11. Study Question 3: What are the contingency approaches to leadership? Hersey-Blanchard situational leadership model. – Leaders adjust their styles depending on the readiness of their followers to perform in a given situation. • Readiness — how able, willing and confident followers are in performing tasks. 11
  12. 12. Figure 16.5 Leadership implications of the Hersey-Blanchard situational leadership model. 12
  13. 13. Study Question 3: What are the contingency approaches to leadership? Hersey-Blanchard leadership styles: – Delegating. • Low-task, low-relationship style. • Works best in high readiness-situations – Participating. • Low-task, high-relationship style. • Works best in low- to moderate-readiness situations. 13
  14. 14. Study Question 3: What are the contingency theories of leadership? Hersey-Blanchard leadership styles: – Selling. • High-task, high-relationship style. • Work best in moderate- to high-readiness situations. – Telling. • High-task, low-relationship style. • Work best in low-readiness situations. 14
  15. 15. Study Question 4: What are current issues in leadership development? Superleaders. – Persons whose vision and strength of personality have an extraordinary impact on others. Charismatic leaders. – Develop special leader-follower relationships and inspire others in extraordinary ways. 15

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