Nordic Blade Technology Network - OpenArch Conference, Albersdorf 2013

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Explaining long term history and colonization processes based upon studies of lithic technology by Prof. Dr. Berit V. Eriksen, Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology, Foundation …

Explaining long term history and colonization processes based upon studies of lithic technology by Prof. Dr. Berit V. Eriksen, Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology, Foundation Schleswig-Holstein State Schleswig.

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  • … common terminology as regards blade technology CLICK Common criteria for identifying techniques and technological signatures CLICK – this is urgent! Common methods for studying ch aînes opératoires CLICK And common venues for discussing problems related with blade research CLICK to make sure we continue understanding each other CLICK . I don’t know how much we can achieve within the project that we are planning now. I don’t have any easy recipes for doing this, especially since I am myself still very much in the process of learning about blade technologies. I don’t know, either, if any of you have agreed with what I have presented. As I said, I intended this as an opening of conversation and I hope we can proceed from here with more concrete suggestions about how to continue. In any case in my mind the blade technology project will not end when what we are planning here is hopefully brought to completion.

Transcript

  • 1. 1 PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Albersdorf, 24.09.2013 Nordic Blade Technology Network
  • 2. PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network Nordic Blade Technology Workshops, 2009 (financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Nordic Council) Helsinki – Falun – Oslo – Copenhagen  Congregate Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian and Danish researchers working on lithic blade technology  Discuss long term history and colonization processes in Scandinavia and the Baltic area based upon studies of lithic blade technology
  • 3.  Common terminology.  Common criteria for identifying techniques and technological signatures.  Common methods for studying chaînes opératoires (dynamic technological approach).  Common venues for discussing problems related with blade research. PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network
  • 4. PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network
  • 5. 5 PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network
  • 6. 6 PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network
  • 7. 7 PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network
  • 8. Nordic Blade Technology Network, 2010 ….  Research network dealing in general with long term history and colonization processes in Fennoscandia and the Baltic based upon studies of lithic blade technology.  Teaching platform aimed at graduate and PhD students. 2012-2016 financed by STINT (Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education) PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network http://www.NBTN.sehttp://www.NBTN.se
  • 9. PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network Our aims • Encourage and support student and researcher groups interested in different subjects of technological, experimental and interpretative studies of the earliest remains in North Europe. • Inform about the plans, activities and achievements in this field of study. • To rewrite the earliest prehistory of human movements into the region using the extension of the Weichselian ice sheet as a geographical unit, instead of an interpretation of “cultures” based on modern national boundaries. • Use the approach to form a new educational standard applicable throughout all of Scandinavia.
  • 10. 10 PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network
  • 11. PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network The thematic focus highlights interaction, mobility and communication networks among and between prehistoric cultural groups, as well as the interaction of humans and the natural environment in time and space
  • 12. Lejre 2006
  • 13. All flaked flints are unique and may be refitted back on the nodule! All flaked flints display evidence of their making Flint fossilizes behaviour
  • 14. Etiolles
  • 15. • Raw material determination (geological classification) • Technological analysis (dynamic classification with respect to reduction technique and method) • Typological analysis (morphological classification) • Use wear analysis (functional classification) • Distribution analysis (contextual classification) Chaîne Opératoire analysis
  • 16. (Sørensen et al 2013) PD Dr Berit Valentin Eriksen Nordic Blade Technology Network
  • 17. Conical Core Pressure Blade concept A) Conical core with a smooth platform; B) Bullet-shaped core, smooth platform; C) Typical pressure blade; D) Conical core with a facetted platform; E) Sub- conical core with unexploited back (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 1)
  • 18. (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 2) c. 8000 calBC Fennoscandian Shield (Precambrian = no flint or sedimentary rocks)
  • 19. (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 2) c. 8000 calBC
  • 20. Artefacts typical of the Kunda and Butovo cultures (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 3)
  • 21. (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 2) c. 8000 calBC
  • 22. Typical artefacts from Sujala (1-15) and Fállegoahtesajeguolbba (16-30) (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 4)
  • 23. (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 5, 6) Regular blade cores with facetted platforms from interior northern Sweden … and from Foldsjön, near Trondheim
  • 24. (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 2) c. 8000 calBC
  • 25. Typical artefacts from Ulkestrup Lyng II (Maglemosian technocomplex 3) (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 8)
  • 26. Regular blade cores, blades and microliths from the Polish lowland (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 9)
  • 27. (Sørensen et al 2013, fig. 10) Migration of flintknappers versus transmission of knowledge
  • 28. Invitation to co-operation within the Nordic Blade Technology Network  Future workshops and symposia  Projects (postdocs, PhD-students, graduate students) On behalf of the steering group: Kjel Knutsson (Uppsala University), Tuija Rankama (Helsinki University and Finnish Academy of Science); Håkon Glørstad (Museum of Cultural History, Oslo University), Mikkel Sørensen (Copenhagen University) and Berit Valentin Eriksen (ZBSA). http://www.NBTN.sehttp://www.NBTN.se
  • 29. 32 THANK YOU for your audience