Wind in Power: European wind energy statistics 2012

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The EU wind energy sector installed 11.6 gigawatts (GW) of capacity in 2012, bringing the total wind power capacity to 105.6 GW, according to the 2012 annual statistics launched by the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA).

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Wind in Power: European wind energy statistics 2012

  1. 1. Wind in powerEuropean wind energy statistics 2012
  2. 2. 2012 annual installations • 11,895 MW of wind power capacity (worth between €12.8bn and €17.2bn) was installed in the EU during 2012. • The National Renewable Energy Action Plans forecast a net increase in 2012 of 11,360 MW, 328 MW less than the actual net annual increase of 11,688 MW. • EU wind power installations for 2012 do not show the significantly negative impact of market, regulatory and political uncertainty sweeping across Europe since the beginning of 2011. The turbines installed during 2012 were generally permitted, financed and ordered prior to the crisis feeding through to a destabilisation of legislative frameworks for wind energy. The stress being felt in many markets across Europe throughout the wind industry’s value chain should become apparent in a reduced level of installations in 2013, possibly continuing well into 2014.
  3. 3. 2012 annual installations (continued) • Wind power accounted for 26.5% of total 2012 power capacity installations. • Renewable power installations accounted for 70% of new installations during 2012: 31.3 GW of a total 44.9 GW of new power capacity, down 4% on 2011.
  4. 4. Wind power installed in Europe by end of 2012(cumulative, MW) FINLAND 288 NORWAY 703 ESTONIA RUSSIA SWEDEN 269 16 3,745 LATVIA FAROE ISLANDS 68 4 DENMARK LITHUANIA 4,162 225 IRELAND 1,738 UNITED KINGDOM NETHERLANDS POLAND 8,445 2,391 2,497 BELGIUM GERMANY UKRAINE 1,375 31,308 276 CZECH European Union: 106,040 LUXEMBOURG REPUBLIC SLOVAKIA 44 260 MW Candidate countries: 2,492 3 AUSTRIA MW FRANCE 1,378 HUNGARY 7,564 SWITZERLAND 329 ROMANIA EFTA: 753 MW 50 1,905 SLOVENIA Total Europe: 109,581 0 CROATIA MW 180 BULGARIA ITALY 684 8,144 FYROM PORTUGAL SPAIN 0 22,796 TURKEY 4,525 GREECE 2,312 1,749 MALTA CYPRUS 0 147
  5. 5. Wind power installed in EU by end of 2012(cumulative, MW) * Provisional data or estimate. ** Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Note: due to previous year adjustments, 207 MW of project de-commissioning, re-powering and rounding of figures, the total 2012 end-of-year cumulative capacity is not exactly equivalent to the sum of the 2011 end-of-year total plus the 2012 additions.
  6. 6. EU Member State Market shares for new capacityinstalled during 2012 in MW. Total 11,566 MW Austria Other 296 1,189 3% 10% Germany Belgium 2,415 297 20% 3% France 757 6% Sweden 846 7% UK 1,897 Poland 16% 880 7% Romania 923 Italy 8% Spain 1,273 1,122 11% 9% Source: EWEA
  7. 7. Share of new power capacity installations in EU(total 44,601 MW) Waste, Nuclear Fuel oil Wave and Tidal Hydro 50 22 7 6 424 0% 0% 0% 0% CSP 1% Geothermal 833 5 2% 0% Biomass 1,338 3% PV Coal 16,750 3,065 37% 7% Gas 10,534 23% Wind 11,895 267 Sources: Platts PowerVision 2012, EWEA, EPIA, ESTELA
  8. 8. New installed power capacity anddecommissioned power capacity in MW New Decommissioned 19000 16,750 14000 11,566 10,535 9000 4000 3,065 1,338 424 833 0 50 0 22 5 0 0 6.600 6 0 1000 -207 -43 -158 -1,205 -3,204 6000 -5,441 -5,495 PV Wind Gas Coal Bio Hydro Waste Nuclea Geothe CSP Fuel oil Wave mass r rmal and Tidal Sources: Platts PowerVision
  9. 9. 2012 share of new renewable power capacityinstallations in MW (total 30,968 MW) Hydro Waste Wave and Tidal 424 50 6 CSP 1% 0% 0% Geothermal 833 5 3% 0% Biomass 1,338 4% Wind PV 11,895 16,750 37% 54% Sources: Platts PowerVision 2012, EWEA, EPIA, ESTELA
  10. 10. Trends & cumulative installations • The EU’s total installed power capacity increased by 29.2 GW net to 931.9 GW, with wind power increasing by 11.7 GW and reaching a share of total installed generation capacity of 11.4%, up from 10.5% the previous year. • The 106 GW of installed wind power capacity is 1.6 GW (1.5%) below the installed capacity outlined in the 27 National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs) of 107.6 GW. Onshore there are 101 GW of installed capacity instead of 101.7 GW foreseen by the NREAPs (-1%). Offshore there are 4,993 MW of installed capacity instead of 5,829 foreseen by the NREAPs (-14%). • Since 2000, 27.7% of new capacity installed has been wind power, 51.2% renewables and 91.2% renewables and gas combined. • The EU power sector continues its move away from fuel oil, coal and nuclear, with each technology continuing to decommission more than it installs.
  11. 11. Installed power generating capacity per year inMW and RES share (%) 50000 45000 40000 35000 30000 25000 RES (70%) 20000 15000 10000 5000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Peat Fuel oil Nuclear Coal Gas Geothermal CSP Waste Hydro Biomass PV Wind Sources: Platts PowerVision 2012, EWEA, EPIA, ESTELA
  12. 12. Net electricity generating installationsin EU 2000-2012 (GW) 140 121 120 100 96 80 69 60 40 20 4 4 2 2 0 0 0 20 -13 -15 -17 Ga Wind PV Bio- Hydro Waste CSP Peat Geo- Wave Coal Nuclear Fuel s mass thermal and Tidal oil Sources: Platts PowerVision 2012, EWEA, EPIA, ESTELA
  13. 13. EU power capacity mix 2000 2012 Peat Hydro Peat 110,066 Wind 2,030 Hydro Fuel oil 1,868 Fuel oil Wind 19% 12,887 0% 126,354 66,518 0% 50,548 105,696 2% 14% 12% 6% 11% PV Biomass Nuclear 68,990 Gas 2,790 120,261 7% 89,801 1% 13% 16% Biomass 7,315 1% Geothermal 1,360 CSP 0% 1,890 Gas 0% Ocean 214,993 248 23% Waste Nuclear 0% 3,854 128,471 0% PV 22% 125 Geothermal Coal Coal Ocean 0% 1,487 159,482 227,877 260 28% 25% 0% 0% Sources: Platts PowerVision 2012, EWEA, EPIA, ESTELA
  14. 14. Wind power installations • Annual installations of wind power have increased steadily over the last 12 years, from 3.2 GW in 2000 to 11.9 GW in 2012, a compound annual growth rate of over 11.6%. • A total of 106 GW is now installed in the European Union, an increase in installed cumulative capacity of 12.6% compared to the previous year. • Germany remains the EU country with the largest installed capacity followed by Spain, the UK and Italy. 15 Member States have more than 1 GW of installed capacity, including two newer Member States, Poland and Romania. • There was generalised growth in wind energy installations across Europe, although it is expected that a number of large markets, such as Italy and Spain, and certain previously fast growing emerging markets, such as Bulgaria, may slow down significantly over the coming years.
  15. 15. Wind power installations (continued) • Offshore saw a record growth in 2012, and the trend is expected to continue in 2013 and 2014. • The wind power capacity installed by the end of 2012 would, in a normal wind year, produce 231 TWh of electricity, enough to cover 7% of the EU’s electricity consumption – up from 6.3% the year before.
  16. 16. Annual wind power installations in EU (GW) 14 12 11.9 10.3 9.8 9.7 10 9 8.5 8 7.2 6.5 5.9 5.8 6 5.5 4.4 4 3.2 2 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Source: EWEA
  17. 17. Denmark, Germany and Spain’s share of EU windpower market (GW) 100% 00 00 0.5 1.5 90% 2.2 80% 2.8 70% 60% 5 6 50% 2.7 40% 30% 3.6 20% 3.4 3.8 10% 0% 2000 2005 2010 2012 NMS Other EU Pioneers Source: EWEA
  18. 18. Annual onshore and offshore installations (MW) 14000 Offshore onshore 12000 1166 10000 575 883 874 318 373 8000 93 90 6000 170 90 276 10,729 9,695 51 8,648 8,964 8,790 4000 8,109 7,086 6,454 5,743 5,749 5,186 2000 4,377 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Source: EWEA
  19. 19. Cumulative wind power installations in the EU(GW) 120 106 100 94.3 85 80 75.2 65 60 56.7 48 40.8 40 34.4 28.5 23.1 20 17.3 12.9 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Source: EWEA
  20. 20. EU Member State market shares for total installedcapacity (total 106 GW) Netherlands Others Poland 2 10 2 2% 10% 2% Germany Sweden 31 4 30% 3% Denmark 4 4% Portugal 5 4% France 7 Spain Italy 23 7% 8 22% 8% UK 8 8% Source: EWEA
  21. 21. Wind power share of total electricity consumptionin EU (7%) and in member states 27% 17% 16% 13% 11% 7% 7% 6% 6% 6% 6% 5% 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Sources: EWEA, Eurostat 2010
  22. 22. Wind power share of total electricity consumptionin Croatia, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey 2.3% 2% 11% 0.2% 0.0% 0.5% 1.0% 1.5% 2.0% 2.5% Sources: EWEA, Eurostat 2010
  23. 23. Wind power targets • Overall the EU is lagging by 1.6 GW (-1.5%) behind its 27 National Renewable energy Action Plan forecasts. • Eighteen Member States are falling behind on their wind power capacity trajectories, most notably Slovakia, Greece, Czech Republic, Hungary, France and Portugal. • Nine Member States are above their trajectory. • Compared to EWEA’s 2009 forecast, onshore installations are 3 GW above expectations (+3%). Offshore installations are below EWEA’s expectations by 307 MW (-6%).
  24. 24. Wind power capacity targets, National RenewableEnergy Action Plans and real (MW) Source: EWEA
  25. 25. Wind power capacity targets (NREAPs and EWEA2009) and real (MW) 110 Offshore onshore 108 106 5.8 104 5 102 5.3 100 98 101.8 101 96 98 94 92 NREAPs EWEA 2009 Real Source: EWEA
  26. 26. About the European Wind Energy Association EWEA is the voice of the wind industry, actively promoting wind power in Europe and worldwide. It has over 700 members from almost 60 countries making EWEA the worlds largest and most powerful wind energy network. Rue dArlon 80 B-1040 Brussels Belgium www.ewea.org
  27. 27. To download the pdf version click hereTo download the Ipad (Ibooks) version click hereIf you want to see more statistics, reports, news andinformation about wind energy event please visit EWEA’swebsite www.ewea.org or contact us atcommunication@ewea.org

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