EU Energy Policy to 2050 - Achieving 80-95% emissions reductions

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EWEA's report shows that in 2010, wind energy avoided as much as 28% of the EU’s Kyoto emissions reduction target, and will avoid as much as 31% of the EU-wide objective by 2020. Contents: EWEA climate policy recommendations for the EU to 2020 include moving to a 30% domestic reduction target, tightening the emissions trading system to avoid oversupply and a low CO2 price and committing 100% of ETS auctioning revenue to finance climate mitigation.

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EU Energy Policy to 2050 - Achieving 80-95% emissions reductions

  1. 1. EU Energy Policy to 2050Achieving 80-95% emissions reductions
  2. 2. 1997 White paper • Set goal of doubling the share of renewable energy sources from 6% to 12% for the EU energy mix • Target of 40,000 MW wind power installed in the EU by 2010 • 40,000 MW were installed by 2005
  3. 3. 2001 Renewable Electricity Directive • Directive set national indicative targets for the share of electricity from renewables as a percentage of gross electricity consumption • The overall goal set out was to increase the share of electricity coming from renewables from 14% in 1997 to • 22% in 2010 (modified to 21 after EU enlargement) • Provisional data for 2009 shows 19.9%
  4. 4. 2009 Renewable Energy Directive • Goal was set to 20% renewable energy target by 2020 for the EU energy consumption • According to the NREAPs, the EU-27 will exceed its target of meeting 20% of its gross final energy consumption from renewable sources • Fifteen Member States plan to exceed their national target
  5. 5. EWEA framework for the future • Core post-2020 pillar: an ambitious, binding 2030 target for renewable energy • Enhancing the post-2020 framework: an Emissions Performance Standard • Enhancing the post-2020 framework: tightening the Emissions Trading System
  6. 6. EU27‘s evolving energy mix (% of electricityconsumption) 1971 2008 Sources: IEA Electricity Information (2010 Edition); IEA Energy Source: Ibid 2008 (TWh 3,341) statistics of non-OECD countries (2010 Edition); IEA CO2 emissions from fuel combustion - Annual historical series (1971- 2008); US Energy Information administration (EIA, www.eia.doe.gov, installed capacity non OECD) 1971 (TWh 1,376).
  7. 7. Renewable electricity‘s share of total EU27electricity consumption 1971-2010 (%) Source %: 1971 3E; 1990 - 2008 Eurostat; 2009 EWEA assumption; 2010 NREAPs Source TWh figures: EWEA estimation based on above sources
  8. 8. Renewables‘ share of electricity consumption permember state (%) in 2020 according to theNREAPS
  9. 9. Electricity production from renewable energysources according to the NREAPS (EU-27)
  10. 10. Contribution of electricity from renewable energy sourcesand wind energy 1970-2010 and expected contribution2011-2050 (% share of consumption)
  11. 11. European renewable electricity grid 2010 Sources: Areas and timeframes: EWEA, OffshoreGrid, and the Greenpeace-EREC [R]evolution scenarios. Based on these sources, 3E identified the main types of power generation, their locations and possible penetration levels for the different years. Main consumption area: Data from European Commission, Directorate- General for Energy, EU Energy Trends to 2030 – Update 2009, ICCS-NTUA for EC, 4 August 2010. Power corridors: Transmission lines were based on the current UCTE map, the ENTSO-E ten year development plan, and EWEA’s 20 Year Offshore Network Development Master Plan.
  12. 12. European renewable electricity grid 2020 Sources: Areas and timeframes: EWEA, OffshoreGrid, and the Greenpeace-EREC [R]evolution scenarios. Based on these sources, 3E identified the main types of power generation, their locations and possible penetration levels for the different years. Main consumption area: Data from European Commission, Directorate- General for Energy, EU Energy Trends to 2030 – Update 2009, ICCS-NTUA for EC, 4 August 2010. Power corridors: Transmission lines were based on the current UCTE map, the ENTSO-E ten year development plan, and EWEA’s 20 Year Offshore Network Development Master Plan.
  13. 13. European renewable electricity grid 2040 Sources: Areas and timeframes: EWEA, OffshoreGrid, and the Greenpeace-EREC [R]evolution scenarios. Based on these sources, 3E identified the main types of power generation, their locations and possible penetration levels for the different years. Main consumption area: Data from European Commission, Directorate- General for Energy, EU Energy Trends to 2030 – Update 2009, ICCS-NTUA for EC, 4 August 2010. Power corridors: Transmission lines were based on the current UCTE map, the ENTSO-E ten year development plan, and EWEA’s 20 Year Offshore Network Development Master Plan.
  14. 14. European renewable electricity grid 2050 Sources: Areas and timeframes: EWEA, OffshoreGrid, and the Greenpeace-EREC [R]evolution scenarios. Based on these sources, 3E identified the main types of power generation, their locations and possible penetration levels for the different years. Main consumption area: Data from European Commission, Directorate- General for Energy, EU Energy Trends to 2030 – Update 2009, ICCS-NTUA for EC, 4 August 2010. Power corridors: Transmission lines were based on the current UCTE map, the ENTSO-E ten year development plan, and EWEA’s 20 Year Offshore Network Development Master Plan.
  15. 15. EU electricity mix in 2005 (share of totalconsumption) – total 3,270.3 TWH
  16. 16. EU electricity mix in 2020 (NREAP) (share of totalconsumption) – total 3,537.3 TWH
  17. 17. Technology share of EU installed renewable powercapacity In 2005 (GW) – In 2020 (GW) – Total 175.1 GW Total 487.2 GW
  18. 18. Wind power production in the EU – TWH/share ofconsumption according to the NREAPS
  19. 19. Wind energy share of electricty consumption permember state and EU in 2005, 2010 and 2020 Sources: 2005 and 2020 data from NREAPs, 2009 data is calculated on the basis of production in average wind year divided by energy supplied data from Eurostat, November 2010.
  20. 20. RES electricity production per member state – total1,217 TWH
  21. 21. RES electricity per member state (TWH)
  22. 22. RES share of electricty consumption per memberstate (%)
  23. 23. RES share of electricity consumption per memberstate (%)
  24. 24. Annual net onshore and offshore wind power installationsin the EU and EWEA estimate of repowering installationsin the EU (GW)
  25. 25. Cumulative wind power installations in the EU(GW)
  26. 26. About the European Wind Energy Association EWEA is the voice of the wind industry, actively promoting wind power in Europe and worldwide. It has over 700 members from almost 60 countries making EWEA the worlds largest and most powerful wind energy network. Rue dArlon 80 B-1040 Brussels Belgium www.ewea.org
  27. 27. To download the pdf version click hereIf you want to see more statistics, reports, news andinformation about wind energy event please visit EWEA’swebsite www.ewea.org or contact us atcommunication@ewea.org

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