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Helen Foord - PHEVs - General Motors
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Helen Foord - PHEVs - General Motors

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  • 1. General Motors Electrification of the Automobile Helen Foord 18th February 2009
  • 2. Environmental Strategy – removing the automobile from the energy and environmental equation Improved Reduced Vehicle Fuel Petroleum Economy & Consumption Hydrogen Emissions Fuel Cell Vehicles Propulsion System Battery Electric Vehicles (E-REV) Alternative Fuel Vehicles IC Engine and Transmission Improvements Time Fuel Petroleum (Conventional & Alternative Sources, CNG) Infrastructure Bio Fuels(Ethanol E85, Biogas, Biodiesel) - Electricity Hydrogen 2
  • 3. Overcoming range anxiety Many technologies available to reduce CO2 emissions on a well-to-wheel basis but the challenge is always refuelling infrastructure.  fuel providers have always been reluctant to make early investments before significant volumes of vehicles are on the road Consumer won’t buy the vehicles unless infrastructure is widely available  From EV-1, we learned that:  Consumers don’t want to take the risk of being stranded Consumers don’t want to wait for a ubiquitous refuelling infrastructure Consumers don’t want to have own/rent second vehicle for longer trips In short, most consumers won’t make sacrifices for a low carbon car 3
  • 4. 4
  • 5. 2/19/2009 5
  • 6. E-Rev meets consumers needs In Europe over 75% of 29% customers 22% 17% commute 60 10% Km or less 7% 5% 8% 2 - 10 12 - 20 22 - 30 32 - 40 42 - 50 daily 52 - 60 3% 62 - 70 >70 miles 6 6
  • 7. = No Regrets Personal Mobility Full Utility 60 km on plug-in charge + several hundred km of extended range driving Under current European test Cycle (ECE R101) < 40g/km No Compromises Meets all European Safety Standards 2/19/2009 7
  • 8. 2/19/2009 8
  • 9. Coming soon…… the Opel Ampera 2/19/2009 9
  • 10. Enablers for early commercialisation Strategic Policy required to send complementary signals to vehicle producers, consumers, infrastructure providers Enablers for vehicle producers: support for continued development via “Super Credits” in EU CO2 legislation for cars under 50g CO2/km Support for continued research to improve battery technology and reduce costs  Consumers; Rebate at purchase to offset initial premium costs Free access to city parking, recharging bays Accelerated depreciation to encourage company car fleets. Infrastructure providers: Roll-out plan for recharging infrastructure – enable private home, multi resident, shopping centres charging Building standards revised to require easily accessible recharging points Initial volume to use off-peak power Match growth on demand to additional renewable energy capacity 2/19/2009 10
  • 11. The future – Hydrogen fuel cell  Part of GM’s fleet of over 100 4th generation Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles  The World’s largest FCEV market test  Gain experience from “real world” driving  Get customer feedback on vehicle and refueling 2/19/2009 11
  • 12. Clean Energy Partnership (CEP) The European Lighthouse Project for Hydrogen Vehicles Phase II: 05/2008 – 2010  More than 40 hydrogen vehicles  3 fully integrated hydrogen refueling stations: Total Total/StatoilHydro/Linde Shell 2/19/2009 12
  • 13. GM HydroGen 4  Fourth generation fuel cell propulsion system with improved every-day suitability, performance and durability  Capable to start and operate in sub-freezing temperatures  Acceleration (0-100 km/h): 12 s  Top speed: 160 km/h  Customer friendly refueling  Fuel: 4.2 kg CGH2 (700 bar)  Fast fill: 3 min.  Range: 320 km 2/19/2009 13
  • 14. Thank you - any questions ?