Billy Riordan - Mitsubishi iMiEV
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Billy Riordan - Mitsubishi iMiEV Presentation Transcript

  • 1. iMiEV AND IRELAND’S ELECTRIC VEHICLE FUTURE 1
  • 2. Introducing iMiEV What’s in a name? 2
  • 3. Contents 1. Background – Mitsubishi’s Environmental Strategy and EV 2. Introducing iMiEV – Mitsubishi’s first electric vehicle 3. Key Environmental Benefits 4. Trial Programme 5. Key Challenges Appendices: Appendix 1 - Technical Specifications Appendix 2 - Mitsubishi Environmental Strategy 3
  • 4. 1.1 Background About Us • Mitsubishi Motors Corporation – “MMC”: – Mitsubishi Motors Corporation traces its history back to the 1870s – Key shareholders remain unchanged: • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Mitsubishi Corporation and The Bank of Tokyo- Mitsubishi Ltd., hold 34% of outstanding common stock • Public and institutional shareholders hold balance • Mitsubishi Motors Ireland: • Acquired by Frank Keane Holdings in 1984 • Wholly owned Irish company • Provide sales and marketing infrastructure for Mitsubishi vehicles in Ireland • MMC and it’s partners have established a leadership position in electric vehicles with commercial production expected to start in 2009. • We are championing the case for Ireland to be a central part of the global trial of Mitsubishi electric vehicles 4
  • 5. 1.2 Background Mitsubishi Environmental Strategy – 2020 Vision 5
  • 6. 1.3 Background Mitsubishi Motors Environmental Strategy 6
  • 7. 1.4 Background Mitsubishi Environmental Strategy – 2020 Vision 1. Reducing Oil Dependence (Energy Security) CNG vehicle Readiness for bio-fuel (Ethanol FFV) FCV Improved diesel performance iMIEV PHEV i MiEV High-efficient transmission Catalyst technologies Weight reduction low-emission vehicles Restricted use of hazardous substances Variable valve engine 3. Sustainable Production 2. Reduce Global Warming 7
  • 8. 1.5 Background Mitsubishi Electric Vehicle History • The first Mitsubishi Electrical vehicle was built in 1971 • Programme parked due to uneconomic cost at the time and again in 1990s • Research recognised the crucial importance of the battery • Provided important starting point for current programme MINICAB EV MINICA VAN EV Mitsubishi Group’s PR magazine; issued in 1972 8
  • 9. 1.6 Background Mitsubishi Electric Vehicle History Joint venture Battery Manufacturing Company (Lithium Energy Japan) established in December 2007. Achieved key milestone of getting the battery below 20% of the vehicle weight 9
  • 10. 2 Introducing iMiEV Mitsubishi’s first production electric car 10
  • 11. 2.1 Introducing iMiEV A Real Car – Based on the successful iCar Petrol i-Car Electric Version • Petrol i-Car has been a successful petrol car in Japan since Jan 2006. • Vehicle today is the electric prototype of this car – 11 in Europe • iMiEV is the first electric car and is expected to go into commercial production in Japan in September 2009 • Limited production due to capacity constraints • Technology showcase for Mitsubishi – intend to apply to other vehicles 11
  • 12. 2.2 Introducing iMiEV First Glimpse – iMiEV Sport Air iMiEV Sport Air – concept car to be shown at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2009 12
  • 13. 2.3 Introducing iMiEV Key Design Features All EV components can be installed under the floor. Engine & Transmission Inverter Charger Motor Lithium-ion Battery Fuel Tank Four adults can be seated Cargo space is same as petrol i 13
  • 14. 2.4 Introducing iMiEV Real Car – No compromise on performance Small and quiet engine More torque i MiEV Petrol Max.Output 47kW 47kW Max.Torque 180Nm 94Nm Max.Speed 8500rpm 7500rpm Permanent magnet Turbo- Type synchronous charged Sporty character Quicker acceleration Torque Characteristics Acceleration i MiEV (0km/h → 80km/h) 1.5 sec. faster Torque (Nm) i MiEV i petrol i petrol Time Engine Speed (rpm) 14
  • 15. 2.5 Introducing iMiEV Range and Charging Range is up to 160km Charging Power Charging Two ways of charging – quick and normal supply time time In total 20kWh will be charged into battery Normal charging at any regular plug in Europe Quick Three-phase Approx. 30 charger 200V, 50kW min. (80%) Quick charging developed by Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) and Mitsubishi. Household 200V (15A) 7 hours(Full) – under development for Europe charger Normal socket Quick charger socket TEPCO Quick charger 15
  • 16. 2.6 Introducing iMiEV Instrument panel & controls 3 positions for gear lever 1. Drive – car functions as normal 2. Eco mode – limits power output >> limits consumption. Light regenerative braking 3. Brake – Strong regenerative braking – used for downhill driving Power usage Shift Indicator Power 1 reserve 2 3 16
  • 17. 2.7 Introducing iMiEV Practical Considerations Designed for the urban car environment • Like its petrol equivalent it is not designed for long distance commuting • Range is capped at 160km Short term supply issues • Limited capacity until 2011 • Extreme competition from other countries Cost of initial production vehicle is high for most consumers 17
  • 18. 3 Environmental Benefit 2008 G8 Summit on Climate Change 18
  • 19. 3.1 Environmental Benefit Benefits to Ireland of facilitating EV’s • Transport is the fastest rising source of CO2 and GHG emission • Significant financial penalties for Ireland if we miss our targets • Electric vehicles allow us to harness renewable energy efficiently. • Predictable and low cost source of power – Competitive advantage 19
  • 20. 3.2 Key Environmental Benefits Energy efficiency of Electric Vehicles • Electric Vehicles use energy substantially more efficiently. Well to wheel Well to  Overall Tank to wheel tank 28.5% Charger Batt. Inverter Motor Mechanical EV 42.9% 66,5% 90% 92% 96% 91% 92% HEV 24.8% 82.2% 30.2% (Petrol) 15.8% Diesel 88.6% 17.8% 12.4% Gasoline 82.2% 15.1% *Calculation based on the share of Elec. Power source in Japan 20
  • 21. 3.3 Key Environmental Benefits CO2 emission • CO2 value of electrical vehicles is officially 0 g/km in Europe • Electricity production does however create CO2 • Given Japanese energy mix, net CO2 reduction is 64%* • Driving 10.000 km per year > 0,73 ton CO2 reduction • Believe that there is at least a similar benefit to Ireland Well to wheel emission ( Japanese 10 15 mode) i MiEV 41 64% reduction i petrol 114 g‐CO2/km *Ref: JHFC Seminar 2005 21
  • 22. 3.4 Key Environmental Benefits Noise level – outside vehicle • Noise level decrease by 5 dB – When fully accelerating from 50 km/h – A 100% increase of sound volume equals (=) 3dB increase – EV can contribute to lower the sound pollution in big cities in Europe ‐5dB i MiEV i petrol Noise (dB-A) 22
  • 23. 3.5 Key Environmental Benefits Energy Economy – Petrol vs. Electric Cost per km is 75% cheaper – based on ESB urban night saver residential rate i‐ P etrol i‐ MiE V Usable range (km.) 1 60 km  F uel capacity 35 liter 21 KW H E nergy usage 1 9.2 km/L 7.6 km/KW H Kilometers per year 1 2000 1 2000 E nergy usage 625.0 L/ Y ear 1 575.0 KW H/Y ear 52.1 L/ Month 1 31 L/ Month E nergy costs per unit 1 .00 per Litre 0.0984 per KW H C ost per km 5.21 E urocent/ km 1 .29 E urocent/ km C ost per month 52.1 E uro  1 2.9 E uro  C ost per year 625 E uro 1 55 E uro Difference E UR  470 25% 155 i‐ MIE V 625 i‐ petrol 0 1 00 200 300 400 500 600 700 23
  • 24. 4 Trial Programme 24
  • 25. 4.1 Trial Programme Why are we here? • Mitsubishi Motors Corporation have brought 11 prototype vehicles to Europe in preparation for launch. • Delighted to be given the opportunity to participate in this trial. • Intend to show the car’s potential to key stakeholders • Car will be in Ireland for 3 months from April 2009 • Keen to promote the iMiEV in Ireland at an early stage given: • Limited commercial production availability in the short term • Wanted to show policymakers that it is a viable and practical vehicle • Opportunity for Ireland to be a European showcase for EVs • Believe that early adoption of electric vehicles benefits Ireland’s image abroad: • Particularly true for tourism, food and technology sectors • Show our commitment to the knowledge economy • Believe that the Irish consumer is ready for EVs 25
  • 26. 4.2 Trial Programme Ireland - Right Consumer for Electric Vehicles • Small cars have traditionally dominated the Irish car market • Strong customer financial incentive • Similar to Japan, Ireland is a right hand drive car market • Consumer is already engaged – strong interest in hybrids / bio diesel • Young population – will live with pollution consequences • Accepts a financial cost for environmental protection • Enthusiastic uptake for environmental reforms to date • Majority of the population is urban - short average daily commutes - c20km • Heavy reliance on motor transport • Low level of high rise – strong access to power at the kerb • Climate is relatively stable 26
  • 27. 4.3 Trial Programme Key Objectives of Irish Trial 27 27
  • 28. 5. Key Challenges How do we get started? 28
  • 29. 5.1 Key Challenges Need a fiscal stimulus to roll out EV Government target for electric vehicles – 10% by 2020 Key support for Electric Vehicles to Date • Exemption from VRT • Increased capital allowance • Lowest band for annual road tax Governments need to help close the gap for customers through a financial incentive programme to get the first 250 vehicles on the road Reward early adopters through • Reduction in rate of BIK for EVs • Exemption for electric vehicles from parking charges • Exemption from annual motor tax • Allow EVs to use bus lanes Why do we need a financial stimulus to support migration to EVs? 29
  • 30. 5.2 Key Challenges Need a fiscal stimulus to roll out EV • Today - High cost/low volume • Expensive battery technology Ownership Cost Fiscal stimulus petrol car Meet EV 10% Target electric vehicle Demand/Volume 30
  • 31. 5.2 Key Challenges Financially Responsible to Stimulate EV’s • Cost of Stimulus • Reduces Ireland’s carbon penalty • Supports renewable infrastructure • Creates green jobs in Ireland • Improves competitiveness • Cleaner air -> lower health costs 31
  • 32. 5.3 Key Challenges Creating a supportive climate for EV VEHICLE MANUFACTURERS GOVERNMENT SUPPORT • Vehicle supply • Target setting for EV share • Deliver attractive & finished product • Financial incentives for early adopters • Promote switch to EV by consumers • Promote EV usage benefits • Lead by example in procurement ELECTRICITY PROVIDERS RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS • Infrastructure • Knowledge creation/sharing • Energy supply at attractive rates • Drive technology forward • Billing structure (i.e. battery improvement) • Metering • Define quality standards 32
  • 33. THANK YOU imiev@mitsubishi-motors.ie 33
  • 34. Appendix 1: Technical Specifications - Car Overall Length x Width x Height 3395 x 1475 x 1600 mm Curb Weight 1080 kg Seating Capacity 4 Max. Speed 130 km/h Range 160 km Type Permanent magnet synchronous Max. Output 47 kW Motor Max. Torque 180 N m Drive System Rear wheel drive Type Lithium-ion Total Voltage 330 V Battery Total Energy 20 kWh 34
  • 35. Appendix 1: Technical Specifications – Car 35
  • 36. Appendix 1: Vehicle Specifications - Battery Battery module of 20KWh can be placed under the floor panel without further modification 88 x Cell 22 Modules 1 x Battery Package 36
  • 37. Appendix 1: Vehicle Specifications – Driving Range Japan 10-15 mode 160km range 7 air conditioner Average Speed 22.7km/h off 140 Km/h 120 100 EU mode 80 144km range air conditioner 60 4.5 off 40 Average Speed 32.2km/h 20 0 (s) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 2 4 6 8 Driving Range(km) Driving time (hour) Average speed in Dublin is 17km/h 37
  • 38. Appendix 1: Vehicle Specifications – Underbody lay out Battery Pack Motor 38
  • 39. Appendix 2: Mitsubishi Environmental Strategy 39
  • 40. Appendix 2: Mitsubishi Environmental Strategy 40
  • 41. Appendix 2: Mitsubishi Environmental Strategy 41