Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Waca eu history of the european union
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Waca eu history of the european union


Published on

Published in: News & Politics
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. The European Union European UnionEducational Outreach Program in the United States 2012 Delegation of the European Union Washington, DC
  • 2. History of the European Union
  • 3. The Original Purpose of the EU To secure peace between former enemies How? By controlling the production of coal and steel
  • 4. Key Milestones Production of coal and steel put under1951 ECSC control of a High Authority Creation of the EEC and1957 Treaty of Rome establishment of the common market
  • 5. Key Milestones1986 First major revision of the Rome Single European Act Treaty: Single Market and European Political Cooperation1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall Reunification of Germany and democratisation of Eastern Europe1992 Maastricht Treaty Creation of the European Union and the pillar structure
  • 6. The Treaty of Lisbon - Entered into force on December 1st 2009 - Amends current treaties without replacing themKey improvements: Democracy and Rights and Values Transparency Visibility on the Efficiency Global Stage
  • 7. The EU Today 502 million 174 million23 languages 4 languages 27 countries 6 countries
  • 8. The EU Today7% World Population25% World GDP>50% World Official Development Aid
  • 9. The Values of the EU FreedomRule of Law Respect for Human Rights Democracy Equality
  • 10. European Enlargement
  • 11. Conditions of Membership
  • 12. Conditions of Membership Market Economy Ability to Cope with Competitive Pressures
  • 13. The Enlargement Process
  • 14. History of Enlargement
  • 15. EU Candidate CountriesAcceding Country• Croatia – joining in 2013Candidate Countries• fYROM• Iceland• Montenegro• Serbia• Turkey
  • 16. How the EU Works
  • 17. Major EU Institutions European Council European Commission European Parliament Council of the European Union
  • 18. European CouncilCompositionHeads of state or government from member statesFunctions Sets the general guidelines for EU policy
  • 19. European Commission Executive Branch of the EU Composition27 independent members, one from each EU country Functions Proposes new legislation Manages EU’s day-to-day business and budget
  • 20. European Parliament Voice of the PeopleComposition 736 MEPs from all member statesFunctions Decides on EU legislation together with CoEU Democratic supervision of all the EU’s work
  • 21. Council of the European Union Voice of the Member States Composition One minister from each member state Functions Decides on EU legislation together with parliament Manages common foreign and security policy
  • 22. European Court of Justice The Judicial Authority of the EU Composition 27 independent judges, one from each state Functions Rules on how to interpret EU law Ensures EU countries apply laws in the same way
  • 23. Economic and Monetary Union and the Euro
  • 24. History of the EMU The Euro is the single currency of the EU, introduced in 1999 12 of the then 15 members adopted it in 2002. Today 17 of the 27 countries use it It has become an attractive world currency like the US dollar
  • 25. Economic, Monetary and Fiscal Policy in the EMU - Coordination of economic policiesEconomic Policy - Financial and budgetary disciplineMonetary Policy - Set by the ECB Fiscal Policy - Set by national governments of member states
  • 26. The European Central Bank Ensures price stability Controls money supply and decides interest ratesWorks independently from governments
  • 27. Joining the Euro: Maastricht Criteria Price stability Budget deficit Debt Interest rates Exchange rate stability
  • 28. The EU on the World Stage
  • 29. Common Foreign and Security Policy Common Security European Securityand Defense Policy Strategy CFSPPeacekeeping and EU and NATOCrisis Management
  • 30. European External Action Service The EU’s foreign service Improved coherence and efficiency Led by HR Catherine Ashton
  • 31. Trade and Development DevelopmentDoha Assistance
  • 32. Democracy and Human RightsPromoting: Election Monitoring …and fighting: The Death Penalty Torture Human Trafficking
  • 33. The EU-US Relationship
  • 34. Shared Values Promoting peace, human rights and democracy worldwide Confronting global challenges, including security and non-proliferationNatural Fostering prosperity and opportunityPartners Advancing strategic cooperation on energy security, climate change and sustainable development
  • 35. Comparative Statistics 1.8 mil US$ sq 502 17.6 milesmillion trillion 3.5 mil US$ sq 15.1 miles 312 trillionmillion
  • 36. Trade and Economics Largest bilateral trade relationship in the world We are each other’s main trading partner and source of FDI$4.3 trillion in trade More than 30% of global More than 40% of global Generates 15 million jobs in the EU and US every year merchandise trade service trade
  • 37. The Transatlantic Takes place once a year between the Presidents of the European Commission AnnualPartnership and the European Council and the President of the US SummitThe Senior Level Group (SLG) comprises senior EUand US State Department Officials. They, together Senior Levelwith the Joint Task Force, prepare for the Annual Joint Task ForceSummits. The Joint Task Force meets regularly to Groupoversee the implementation of Summit decisions Transatlantic Transatlantic Transatlantic Transatlantic Business Consumer Legislators’ Economic Dialogue Dialogue Dialogue Council EU-US Working Group Biotechnology EU-US Cooperation in Crisis EU-US Development on Employment and Research Management, Conflict Prevention Dialogue Labor Task Force and Capacity Building EU-US Counter- Transport and Border EU-US EducationEU-US Energy Council Terrorism Security Policy Forum Dialogue Dialogue Transatlantic EU-US Financial EU-US Science and Macroeconomic Environmental Markets Regulatory Technology Dialogue Dialogue Dialogue Agreement
  • 38. Thank you!Delegation of the European Union Washington, DC
  • 39. Question & Answer