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595-616

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  • 1. Pages 595-616 Maddy Ruble
  • 2. The Truman Doctrine
    • Created by President Harry Truman
    • During Cold War
    • U.S. policy to contain communism
    • Does not work in places communism already exists
  • 3. The Marshall Plan
    • Created by George Marshall, Truman’s Secretary of State
    • U.S. gives $ to weakened w. European governments to help them become stable so they won’t turn to communism
    • Gave over $13 mil without any need to pay back
  • 4. Berlin Blockade
    • Soviet retaliation for being left out of creating the new w. German mark- Deutsche
    • Blockaded all road and rail access to Berlin
  • 5. Berlin Airlift
    • Allies response to Berlin Blockade
    • Allies knew they couldn’t beat Soviets on ground
    • They flew in supplies to people of w. Berlin
    • Soviets harassed planes but never confronted
    • May 1949- Soviets lift blockade
  • 6. NATO
    • Western European & U.S. defense alliance
    • Led by General Eisenhower
    • Attack on one is an attack on all
  • 7. Warsaw Pact
    • Russian response to NATO
    • Defense alliance with its satellite countries
  • 8. Balfour Declaration
    • Created by British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour
    • Promised British gov’ts support for the idea of a Jewish homeland in Palestine
    • Controversial because Britain had plans to sponsor Arab nationalism
  • 9. Israel
    • Created by Great Britain, U.S. and UN
    • Based on the idea of Zionism- a Jewish homeland
    • Put in Palestine
    • Conflicts of nationalism with Arabs already living there
  • 10. Korean War
    • USSR had satellite gov’t in north
    • U.S. had military presence in south
    • N. invaded S.
    • U.S. attacked N. but drove too far past the 38 th parallel into China
    • U.S. pushed back by China but succeeded in saving S.
  • 11. Nikita Khrushchev
    • First to tell of Stalin’s flaws
    • Tried too much too fast
    • Bad idea w/ Cuban missile crisis
    • Stepped down for being too soft on foreign policy
  • 12. Alexander Solzhenitsyn
    • Russian author permitted under Khrushchev to publish “One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich”
    • Depicted human suffering in forced labor camps
    • Published “Gulag Archipelago” under Gorbachev
    • Gave outside world name for Stalin’s network of forced labor
  • 13. Secret Speech
    • Khrushchev’s speech to Congress
    • Held in confidence but soon leaked
    • Protected Lenin’s legacy, but attacked Stalin and his crimes
  • 14. Crisis in the Suez
    • Caused when the U.S. withdrew grant offer to rebuild Egypt’s dam
    • Egyptian president Nasser nationalized Suez Canal
    • Britain and France invade together, Israel by itself
    • UN brought in to provide buffer
  • 15. Hungarian Uprising
    • Led by reform-minded communist Imre Nagy
    • Inspired by success in Poland
    • Soviets invade and replace Nagy w/ Janos Kadar who accepts Soviet intervention
    • Khrushchev suppresses counterrevolution
    • 200,000 Hungarians flee to U.S.
  • 16. Sputnik
    • Russian
    • First aircraft to make it into space
    • Led to “space race” between Russia and U.S.
  • 17. Berlin Wall
    • Russian tactic
    • Built to prevent people from getting from oppressive socialist E. Germany to the safety and capitalism of W. Germany
  • 18. Cuban Missile Crisis
    • Russia put missiles in Cuba when Cuba wanted communism
    • U.S. sent naval troops to Cuba and had missiles in Turkey
    • Russia backs down
  • 19. Leonid Brezhnev
    • Succeeded Khrushchev in Soviet Union
    • Built up navy and military to compete with U.S.
    • Used dentente
    • Put down threats of freedom in Czechoslovakia
  • 20. Brezhnev Doctrine
    • Soviet response to Truman Doctrine
    • Soviets will intervene anywhere communism is threatened
    • Internal or external
  • 21. Detente
    • Ease of tensions during Cold War
    • Popular with all countries, but hard to maintain due to USSR and U.S. rivalry
    • Hurt by Russian invasion of Afghanistan
  • 22. Helsinki Accords
    • 1975 Helsinki, not formal treaty
    • NATO members, Warsaw Pact states, & 12 other states
    • Pledged to work for peace, economic & cultural cooperation, & protection of human rights
    • Ratified European territorial boundaries set after WWII
  • 23. Afghanistan Invasion
    • Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to bolster a weak pro-Soviet leftist regime
    • Pakistan helped by U.S. which led to Soviets leaving w/ nothing in 1989
    • Their Vietnam…foreign policy disaster
  • 24. Works Cited
    • http://apuseast.wikispaces.com/file/view/Marshallbike.jpg/30534980/Marshallbike.jpg
    • http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.americanrhetoric.com/images/harrytrumandoctrine.jpg
    • http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https://www.arnewood.net/studentzone/subjects/history/history/coldwarpages/
    • http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/subjects/b/berlin_airlift/index.html
    • http://www.mapsofworld.com/images/maps-of-world-nato-member-countries.gif
    • http:// www.audifaz.com/coldwar/nato.gif
    • http://sabbah.biz/mt/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/Balfour_portrait_and_declaration.JPG
  • 25. Works Cited
    • http://thenextweb.com/socialmedia/files/2010/09/photo_lg_israel.jpg
    • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/Korean_War_HA-SN-98-07010.jpg
    • http://euroheritage.net/khrushchev.jpg
    • http://media.economist.com/images/20080809/3208OB1.jpg
    • http://www.emersonkent.com/images/khrushchev_speech.jpg
    • http://homepage.mac.com/oldtownman/images3/16791.jpg
    • http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw2707.gif
    • http://www.aerospaceweb.org/question/spacecraft/russia/r7-sputnik.jpg
    • http://www.cs.utah.edu/~hatch/images/europe/berlin.buildwall.jpg
    • http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_
  • 26. Works Cited
    • http://blog.kievukraine.info/uploaded_images/4369-772697.jpg
    • http://www.wired.com/images/article/magazine/1603/ff_nuclearwar_brezhnev.jpg
    • http://www.theillustrateddailyscribble.com/daily.scribble.gifs.07/07.02.07.dirty.detente-ing.gif
    • http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/images/Konf%20ueber%20Sicherheit.jpg
    • http://www.csmonitor.com/var/ezflow_site/storage/images/media/images/1222-russia-afghanistan-30years/7144674-1-eng-US/1222-russia-afghanistan-30years_full_600.jpg

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