IDs 485  ~  506 By Meghan Kolbjornsen
485 “The Blank Check” <ul><li>Germany gave Austria Hungary support with any war arising with Serbia after the assassinatio...
486 The Schlieffen Plan <ul><li>Plan to fight both France and Russia </li></ul><ul><li>March through Belgium to knock out ...
487 Provisional Government <ul><li>It was basically a puppet government </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Kerensky  </li></ul><ul><...
488 Petrograd Soviet <ul><li>The “puppeteer” to the Provisional Government </li></ul><ul><li>It was too radical to be the ...
489 Army Order No. 1 <ul><li>It gave troops the right to vote to not follow the officers’ orders </li></ul><ul><li>The tro...
490 Leon Trotsky <ul><li>Involved with the Bolsheviks </li></ul><ul><li>Leader of the Red Army </li></ul><ul><li>Was to be...
491 White Russians <ul><li>The minorities compared to the Red Russians (Red Army) </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Bolshevik Russian...
492 Brest-Litovsk   <ul><li>Between Russian delegation, headed by Trotsky, and German and Austrian representatives </li></...
493 Fourteen Points <ul><li>By Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Plan to end the war along liberal democratic lines </li></ul><ul><...
494 Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>Key to settlement and a step to international order </li></ul><ul><li>Listed Germany’s re...
495 Mandates <ul><li>Followed World War I </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations mandates – Two phases </li></ul><ul><li>Form...
496 League of Nations <ul><li>President Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Result of the Paris Peace Conference </li></ul><ul><li>At...
497 Reparations <ul><li>Germany had a lot of them… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>33 billion marks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost ...
498 War Guilt Clause (Article 231) <ul><li>Placed sole blame for war on Germany </li></ul><ul><li>All Germany’s fault </li...
499 War Communism <ul><li>Social policy used by Bolsheviks </li></ul><ul><li>Police state </li></ul><ul><li>Very demanding...
500 Cheka <ul><li>Was organized under the New Bolshevik Regime </li></ul><ul><li>Political (secret) police </li></ul><ul><...
501 Kronstadt <ul><li>A rebellion by previously pro-Bolshevik sailors at Kronstadt against economic disintegration </li></...
502 NEP (New Economic Policy) <ul><li>Re-established limited economic freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuild agriculture </li><...
503 Politburo <ul><li>Top 12-20 comrades of the communist party </li></ul><ul><li>Like the president’s cabinet but with a ...
504 Josef Stalin <ul><li>Led Russia after Lenin </li></ul><ul><li>Communist </li></ul><ul><li>Starved Ukraines </li></ul><...
505 Nikolai Bukharin <ul><li>Russian Marxist </li></ul><ul><li>Bolshevik Revolutionary </li></ul><ul><li>Member of the Pol...
506 “Socialism in One Country” <ul><li>Stalinist political theory </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed Bolshevik theory </li></ul><ul...
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485-506

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485-506

  1. 1. IDs 485 ~ 506 By Meghan Kolbjornsen
  2. 2. 485 “The Blank Check” <ul><li>Germany gave Austria Hungary support with any war arising with Serbia after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand </li></ul><ul><li>This provoked the war… </li></ul>
  3. 3. 486 The Schlieffen Plan <ul><li>Plan to fight both France and Russia </li></ul><ul><li>March through Belgium to knock out France early </li></ul>
  4. 4. 487 Provisional Government <ul><li>It was basically a puppet government </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Kerensky </li></ul><ul><li>It made promises but would ask the people to wait for the results </li></ul><ul><li>Trying to give equal rights to everyone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to unionize and strike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue the war </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 488 Petrograd Soviet <ul><li>The “puppeteer” to the Provisional Government </li></ul><ul><li>It was too radical to be the face of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as the Workers’ Council </li></ul><ul><li>It basically rules over the Provisional Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the PG wants to do something, they turn to the Petrograd Soviet for permission </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 489 Army Order No. 1 <ul><li>It gave troops the right to vote to not follow the officers’ orders </li></ul><ul><li>The troops ended up leaving to take part in the land distribution that was occurring back home because they could </li></ul>
  7. 7. 490 Leon Trotsky <ul><li>Involved with the Bolsheviks </li></ul><ul><li>Leader of the Red Army </li></ul><ul><li>Was to be leader after Lenin died </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted industry and Collectivization </li></ul><ul><li>Banished by Stalin who actually took over after Lenin </li></ul><ul><li>Ended up being murdered in Mexico </li></ul>
  8. 8. 491 White Russians <ul><li>The minorities compared to the Red Russians (Red Army) </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Bolshevik Russian patriots </li></ul><ul><li>Were not as organized as the enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Lost to the Bolsheviks </li></ul>
  9. 9. 492 Brest-Litovsk <ul><li>Between Russian delegation, headed by Trotsky, and German and Austrian representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Gave control of Baltic's, Poland, and Ukraine to Germany </li></ul>
  10. 10. 493 Fourteen Points <ul><li>By Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Plan to end the war along liberal democratic lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No secret treaties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free seas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No tariffs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germans leave Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independence of minority groups in Germany/Austria-Hungary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. 494 Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>Key to settlement and a step to international order </li></ul><ul><li>Listed Germany’s reparations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>33 billion marks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War Guilt Clause </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Germany not too happy </li></ul>
  12. 12. 495 Mandates <ul><li>Followed World War I </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations mandates – Two phases </li></ul><ul><li>Former colonies and territories of the Central Powers to go to the Allied Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Formal removal of sovereignty of the previously controlling states </li></ul>
  13. 13. 496 League of Nations <ul><li>President Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Result of the Paris Peace Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Attempted to prevent future aggression between countries…namely Germany (issued Mandates) </li></ul><ul><li>… didn’t really work… </li></ul>
  14. 14. 497 Reparations <ul><li>Germany had a lot of them… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>33 billion marks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War Guilt Clause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhineland demilitarized </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 498 War Guilt Clause (Article 231) <ul><li>Placed sole blame for war on Germany </li></ul><ul><li>All Germany’s fault </li></ul>Guilty…
  16. 16. 499 War Communism <ul><li>Social policy used by Bolsheviks </li></ul><ul><li>Police state </li></ul><ul><li>Very demanding and bossy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop making regular items and make military items </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. 500 Cheka <ul><li>Was organized under the New Bolshevik Regime </li></ul><ul><li>Political (secret) police </li></ul><ul><li>Petrograd Soviet led them </li></ul><ul><li>Later became the KGB </li></ul>
  18. 18. 501 Kronstadt <ul><li>A rebellion by previously pro-Bolshevik sailors at Kronstadt against economic disintegration </li></ul><ul><li>Made Lenin announce the NEP </li></ul>
  19. 19. 502 NEP (New Economic Policy) <ul><li>Re-established limited economic freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuild agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuild industry </li></ul>
  20. 20. 503 Politburo <ul><li>Top 12-20 comrades of the communist party </li></ul><ul><li>Like the president’s cabinet but with a lot more power </li></ul><ul><li>New elite </li></ul><ul><li>Gave orders to the Cheka </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders of secret police </li></ul>
  21. 21. 504 Josef Stalin <ul><li>Led Russia after Lenin </li></ul><ul><li>Communist </li></ul><ul><li>Starved Ukraines </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted a second front in the war </li></ul><ul><li>Promised Poland free elections… </li></ul><ul><li>Five Year Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Purges </li></ul><ul><li>Became paranoid of everyone… </li></ul>
  22. 22. 505 Nikolai Bukharin <ul><li>Russian Marxist </li></ul><ul><li>Bolshevik Revolutionary </li></ul><ul><li>Member of the Politburo </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Stalin after Lenin died </li></ul><ul><li>Leader of the Left Communists </li></ul><ul><li>Was later killed </li></ul>
  23. 23. 506 “Socialism in One Country” <ul><li>Stalinist political theory </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed Bolshevik theory </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist society could be achieved in a single country </li></ul>
  24. 24. The … … end

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