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133-154 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. #133-154 John Pellegrino
  • 2. Peace of Prague (1636)
    • Treaty between Hapsburg Emperor Ferdinand II and the Electorate of Saxony
    • Saxony gained Bohemia (Lower and Upper Lusatia)
    • Brought an end to the civil war aspect of the Thirty Years’ war
    • Military actions still continued due to intervention by Spain, Sweden, and France until the Peace of Westphalia
  • 3. Franco-Swedish Intervention (1635–1648)
    • France’s rivalry with the Hapsburgs encouraged their involvement against the Holy Roman Empire
    • Gustavas Adolphus, King of Sweden, was very pro-Protestantism and wanted to support the Protestant agenda by invading the Hapsburgs and aiding in their demise
    • France bought Swedish help, Sweden promised to maintain an army in Germany and continue hostilities against the Holy Roman Empire until France gave permission to cease
  • 4. Peace of Westphalia (1646)
    • Treaty between Holy Roman Empire and France, Sweden, and their allies
    • Brought a final end to the Thirty Year’s War in Germany
    • Allowed practice of Catholicism, Lutheranism, and Calvinism in different regions within Holy Roman Empire
    • Redrew several territorial boundaries within the Empire
  • 5. William III
    • Deposed his father James II during the Glorious Revolution
    • Ruled with his wife Mary; their reign is often called the reign of William and Mary
    • Spent the majority of his rule focused on fighting Louis XIV and keeping the balance of power
    • Stadholder of the Dutch Republic
  • 6. Stadholder
    • Stadhouder was the title of the official leader, or governor, of the United Netherlands
    • Nederland politics were dominated by the Orange family, as was the office of Stadholder
  • 7. Dutch East India Company
    • Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, est. 1602
    • First multinational mega-corporation in the world and first to issue a stock
    • Was given the ability to wage war, imprison and execute convicts, negotiate treaties, coin money, and establish colonies
  • 8. James I
    • Became King of Scotland following the abdication of Mary Queen of Scots
    • Became King of England after the last Tudor monarch, Elizabeth I (1603-1625)
    • Was not fond of Catholics or Puritans
    • Gunpowder Conspiracy of 1605 to blow up the House of Lords
    • New “King James’ Bible”
  • 9.
    • Whiny English Protestants who liked John Calvin
    • Large population emigrated from England
    • Settled in Netherlands and New England
    • Harsh interpretation of scripture
    • Very boring people
    • Done
    Puritans (French for Boring)
  • 10. Mary Queen of Scots
    • Catholic Queen who claimed to be rightful ruler of England
    • Married three times
    • First husband died
    • Married her cousin (2 nd husband)
    • He was mysteriously strangled in the garden
    • Married her second husband’s murderer
    • Her existence as a Catholic ruler during a Protestant reign caused uprisings across England
    • Arrested by Elizabeth I, held for 19 years
    • Tried and executed for treason
  • 11. Presbyterian
    • OG Puritans in the Netherlands
    • Originated as Calvinists from Protestant Reformation
    • Believed in the sovereignty of God, the absolute authority of the Scriptures, and grace through faith in Christ
  • 12. Episcopal
    • The Anglican Church in England
    • Replaced the Catholic church as the official Church of England
    • Ruled by Bishops and the Monarchy
    • King James Bible , Book of Common Prayer , etc.
  • 13. Impositions
    • Not to be confused with Inquisitions
    • Tariffs and taxes imposed on exports and imports by the monarchs of England
    • Designed to regulate trade and protect domestic industry
    • Elizabeth I placed these and currants and tobacco
    • James I extended them to the majority of all imports
  • 14. Plymouth Colony
    • Voyage of the Mayflower
    • English Pilgrims seeking religious freedom
    • “ The First Thanksgiving” was supposedly held here
    • Mayflower Compact and Council were the government
  • 15. Duke of Buckingham
    • George Villiers
    • “ favourite” of James I
    • Questionable content
    • Served under both James I and Charles I
    • Influential in foreign affairs, including expeditions against Spanish ports and fleets
    • Negotiated with Cardinal Richelieu for aid against Spain
    • Blamed for many of England’s troubles during Charles I’s reign
  • 16. Charles I
    • King of England, Scotland, Ireland, etc. etc.
    • Spent most of his time fighting Parliament (literally)
    • His last years of rule were marked by the English Civil War
    • Wanted to invade Scotland
    • Generally ruled without Parliament if he could
  • 17. Forced Loans
    • It’s when you force a loan on someone.
  • 18. Forced Loans
    • Charles I used these to try and raise money for his war against Spain
    • Parliament did not like this, and petitioned against such practices
    • Charlie didn’t get his money 
  • 19. Petition of Right
    • Presented to Charles I by Parliament
    • The King could not levy taxes without the consent of Parliament
    • He could not impose martial law on civilians, imprison without cause, or quarter troops in their home
    • He agreed, but continued to collect taxes without Parliament’s authorization
  • 20. Ship Money
    • Tax implemented by Charles I
    • Usually placed on coastal towns
    • Tax was paid in ships, or in their equivocal value
    • Its intention was to raise money for defense of colonies and English coast
    • A spark of the English Civil War
  • 21. William Laud
    • Archbishop of Canterbury
    • Supported Charles I
    • Didn’t like Puritans and was opposed to radical reform
    • Lost his head in the English Civil War
  • 22. John Pynn
    • Leader of the Long Parliament
    • Criticized both James I and Charles I
    • Defended the powers of Parliament
    • Did not like the Star Chamber
  • 23. Short Parliament
    • Summoned by Charles I
    • First Parliament to be held in 11 years
    • Charles needed money to fund a war against Scotland
    • Charles dissolved the parliament after only one month when he found out that they were going to petition against the war
  • 24. Long Parliament
    • Summoned by Charles I
    • Lasted for over ten years
    • Redress of grievances
    • Led to English Civil War, ejection of Cromwell and other boring British things
    • Cromwell emerged victorious
  • 25. Credits
    • Peace of Prague; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hradschin_Prag.jpg
    • Franco-Swedish Intervention; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Battle_of_Lens.jpg
    • Peace of Westphalia; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Ratification_of_the_Treaty_of_Munster,_Gerard_Ter_Borch_(1648).jpg
    • William III; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:King_William_III_of_England,_(1650-1702).jpg
    • Stadholder; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Antonio_Moro_-_Willem_I_van_Nassau.jpg http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bestand:Michiel_Jansz_van_Mierevelt_-_Maurits_prins_van_Oranje.jpg
    • VOC: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Anonymous_The_Noord-Nieuwland_in_Table_Bay,_1762.jpg
    • James I; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:James_I_of_England_by_Daniel_Mytens.jpg
    • Mary; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mary_Stuart_James.jpg
    • Plymouth Colony; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Landing-Bacon.PNG
    • Duke of Buckingham; http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1d/GeorgeVilliers.jpg
    • Charles I; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Charlesx3.JPG
    • Forced Loans; http://www.amazon.co.uk/Photographic-CHARLES-DECAPITATED-Mary-Evans/dp/B0025Y5MYI
    • Petition of Right; http://forquignon.com/history/global/baroque_art/hals_laughingz_cavalier1624.jpg
    • Ship money; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:John_Hampden_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_19609.jpg
    • William Laud; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:William_Laud.jpg
    • John Pym; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:John_Pym.jpg
    • Short Parliament; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Commons_In_Session.jpg
    • Long Parliament; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CromwellDissolvingLongParliament.jpg