Living and Working in Italy 2010, presented by EURES


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Living and Working in Italy in 2010. A presentation given at the EURES European Job Days in Lisbon on the 21st of October.

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  • Living and Working in Italy 2010, presented by EURES

    1. 1. European Job Days 2010 Portugal Living and working in Italy
    2. 2. AGENDA <ul><li>ITALY: FACTS AND FIGURES </li></ul><ul><li>THE JOB MARKET </li></ul><ul><li>HOW TO FIND A JOB </li></ul><ul><li>DOCUMENTS AND FORMALITIES </li></ul><ul><li>THE FISCAL SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL SECURITY </li></ul><ul><li>LIVING IN ITALY </li></ul>
    3. 3. Italy <ul><li>Some Well-Known and typical Symbols …..... </li></ul><ul><li>Arts, Galleries and Museums, Fashion, Ferrari, Rome and Colosseum, Venice and its carnival, Leonardo da Vinci, Sea/Sun/Beaches, Snow and skying, Pizza and Cappuccino, Tortellini and more ….. </li></ul>
    4. 5. SARDINIAN Food and traditions
    5. 7. FACTS & FIGURES
    6. 8. <ul><li>Political system: Parliamentary Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Capital: Rome (2.748.809 inhab.) </li></ul><ul><li>Total area: 301.336 km² </li></ul><ul><li>Population: </li></ul><ul><li>60.418.711 million </li></ul><ul><li>Popul.density: over 200 per Km 2 – the highest in the North </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign residents: 4.279.000 million (7,1% on total population) </li></ul><ul><li>Currency: Euro </li></ul><ul><li>Language: Italian </li></ul><ul><li>bilingual regions* </li></ul><ul><li>Regions: 20 (divided into 110 Provinces and 8.100 municipalities) </li></ul><ul><li>Total coastline and border : 7.456 km </li></ul>* Valle d’Aosta: French Trentino Alto Adige: Ladin and German Friuli Venezia Giulia: Slovenian
    7. 9. MAIN CITIES
    8. 10. Sun, Beaches and touristic places and events
    10. 12. The Italian Labour Market NORTH 6,1% CENTRE 8,1% SOUTH 13,2% Unemployment Rate: 13,3% Fonte Istat e Ministero del Lavoro Maggio 2010 Unemployment rate Italy 8,8% North 6,1 Centre 8,1 South 13,2 Male 7,4 Female 10,2 Long-term unemployement rate 3,9 Youth unemployment rate ( age15-24) 27,9
    11. 13. Unemployment rate in the different italian regions
    12. 14. Comparing data…… Fonti Eurostat August 2010 e Istat Unemployment Rate ITALY % EURO Area % Eu 27 % GERMANY % SPAIN % PORTUGAL % FRANCE % UK % USA % JAPAN % 2008 6,8 7,5 7,0 7,3 11,3 7,7 7,8 5,6 5,8 4,0 2009 8,4 9,9 9,4 7,4 19 10,2 9,8 7,8 10 5,2 2010 (august) 8,2 10,1 9,6 6,8 20,5 10,7 10,1 7,7 9,6 5,1
    13. 15. EMPLOYMENT BY BRANCH Fonte Istat
    14. 16. EMPLOYMENT BY SECTOR Fonte Istat
    18. 20. ITALY 8% The most requested professions Marketing Addetto Infermiere Farmacista Aiuto Parucchiere Parrucchiere Addetto paghe e contributi Ausiliario Socio-Assistenziale Estetista Montatore/Riparatore serramentie infissi Meccanico autoveicoli Idraulico Cucitore a macchina abbigliamento Pasticciere Tuscany Lombardia Veneto Lazio Lombardia Lombardia Emilia Romagna Lombardia Lazio Lazio Lombardia Puglia Piemonte
    19. 21. ITALY 8% The most requested professions
    20. 22. WORK LAW <ul><li>Written contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary (the norm), Permanent , on Project </li></ul><ul><li>Trial period: variable (depending on sector and qualification) </li></ul><ul><li>No national minimum wage , but collective agreements (btw trade unions and employers org.) </li></ul><ul><li>Work hours : 40 hours /week (max 48) </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday : 4 weeks /year </li></ul><ul><li>Maternity : 2+3+6 months </li></ul><ul><li>Salary gap : men/women, and age </li></ul><ul><li>Expected to take own initiatives </li></ul>
    23. 25. From 4 to 8 Provinces
    24. 26. EMPLOYMENT BY BRANCH in Sardinia <ul><li>Total Population in Sardinia : 1.672.299 </li></ul><ul><li>Employed per sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Agricolture: 27.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Industry: 63.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Building sector: 56.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Trade: 95.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Other services: 374.000 </li></ul>
    25. 27. LFS and Main Labour Market Indicators Period Labour Force Popul. Activity Rate (age 15-64) Employment Rate (age 15-64) Unemployment Rate 2° trim. 2010 Employed Jobseekers Total LFS With exp. Without exp. Total Jobseekers 617.000 78.000 17.000 94.000 711.000 1.672 61,2 53,0 13,3
    26. 28. Employed per Sectors
    27. 29. GAP per contract between placed and dismissed workers
    28. 30. Registered Jobseekers in PES
    30. 32. HOW TO APPLY FOR A JOB IN ITALY <ul><li>Application: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal letter (max 1 page, often less) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CV (1-2 pages, in Italian, typewritten, with or without photo) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-mail is an accepted way for applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You may be asked to present evidence of professional qualifications and diplomas later on (at the interview) </li></ul><ul><li>European format or Europass training </li></ul><ul><li>Convincing, clear, sincere </li></ul>
    31. 33. Cover letter <ul><li>Brief & effective </li></ul><ul><li>Not a mere rehash of CV! </li></ul><ul><li>Re (or Subject): offer no. & position </li></ul><ul><li>Strong points (see advertisement) </li></ul><ul><li>Personal characteristics (team work, under stress, adaptability, out-going personality, seriousness, willingness to improve,…) </li></ul><ul><li>Personal & professional expectations (experience, hobbies, interests,…) </li></ul>
    32. 34. INTERVIEW: FREQUENT QUESTIONS <ul><li>Why do you want to work in Italy? </li></ul><ul><li>Tell us about yourself: what have you done in the last few years? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you like travelling? Reading? Your last trip/book … </li></ul><ul><li>Describe yourself with 3 adjectives. </li></ul><ul><li>How would you evaluate yourself? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you know about our company? </li></ul><ul><li>If you could choose, wich kind of job would you like to do? </li></ul><ul><li>What wouldn’t you like to do? </li></ul><ul><li>What is your professional (career) plan? </li></ul>
    33. 35. WHO CAN HELP YOU FIND A JOB NO SINGLE DATABASE FOR ITALIAN JOB OFFERS <ul><li>Public employment services – Job centre administered by the Provinces and coordinated by the Regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free services: reception, orientation, supply and demand matching, preselection for employers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Job agencies – autorized by the Ministry of Labour (list on the site or ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Services offered for free to the worker but charged to the employers: mediation, research and personnel selection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other operators authorized by law: Universities, town councils (Informagiovani: ), trading associations (Chambers of Commerce, Api, Confesercenti…), etc. </li></ul>
    34. 36. HOW TO LOOK FOR A JOB IN ITALY <ul><li>EURES </li></ul><ul><li>Job centres: or check the lavoro (job) section in or </li></ul><ul><li>Direct applications to companies using the Yellow Pages website: </li></ul>
    35. 37. <ul><li>EURES (EURopean Employment Services) is an initiative created in 1993 to support mobility in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>32 States: European Economic Area ( = the 28 Member States of the UE, plus Norway, Iceland e Lichtenstein) and Switzerland. </li></ul><ul><li>Partner of the network: Public services for employment, trade union and employers’ organisations, local administration, other social partners (represented by universities, NGOs, etc…). The network is co-ordinated by the European Commission. </li></ul><ul><li>The main objectives of EURES are: </li></ul><ul><li>To provide information and advice for the benefit of workers and employers on job possibilities and living and working conditions in the EEA; </li></ul><ul><li>To assist employers who intend to recruit workers from other countries; </li></ul><ul><li>To provide information and solve problems related to crossborder commuting. </li></ul><ul><li>… and all of the above is completely free! </li></ul>WHAT IS EURES?
    36. 38. USEFUL LINKS: TURISM <ul><li>OLYJOB POINT: or (Job centres exclusively dedicated to the tourism/accomodation and services sectors in Piemonte Region ) </li></ul><ul><li>Liguria Region : </li></ul><ul><li>Riviera of Romagna : Riminimpiego: </li></ul><ul><li>Friuli Venezia Giulia Region (Gorizia, Monfalcone and Grado) : </li></ul>
    37. 39. USEFUL LINKS: TURISM <ul><li>Valle d’Aosta: (hoteliers’ organisation) and – Offerte di lavoro (PES job offers) </li></ul><ul><li>Trento Province : </li></ul><ul><li>Sardinia Region : </li></ul>
    38. 40. USEFUL LINKS: NORTHERN ITALY <ul><li>Friuli Venezia Giulia : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Udine: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trieste: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Veneto : Venezia: </li></ul><ul><li>Südtirol : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trento: (job offers by PES and by Bilateral Organisation for Turism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bozen: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EURES TT (Tirol, Südtirol, Cantone Grigioni): </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tourin: </li></ul><ul><li>Liguria : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genoa: </li></ul></ul>
    39. 41. USEFUL LINKS: CENTRAL ITALY <ul><li>Emilia-Romagna : </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    40. 42. USEFUL LINKS: SOUTHERN ITALY <ul><li>Abruzzo : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>L’aquila: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pescara: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chieti: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teramo: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marche : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Macerata: and ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Puglia : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecce: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Euro-Jobbing Bari: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rete Informa Puglia: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sicilia/Sardegna : </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> Bacheca annunci </li></ul>
    41. 43. OTHER USEFUL LINKS <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> (personalised service) </li></ul><ul><li> (job search engine) </li></ul><ul><li>National or Regional Official Gazette for competitions </li></ul><ul><li>Job offers on newspapers: </li></ul><ul><li> (on Friday) </li></ul><ul><li> (on Thursday) </li></ul><ul><li> (on Tuesday) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Free local press: Tuttocittà, Affarefatto, La Bancarella … </li></ul><ul><li>e-Jobguide (professional training, training courses and recognition of qualifications. Sectors: IT/high-tech, metal and mechanical industry, electrical engineering, tourism and health/social sector). </li></ul>
    43. 45. WHAT DO I NEED <ul><li>Since April 11th, 2007 (Legislative Decree 30/2007, Directive 2004/38/EC ), citizens of European Union and European Economic Area no longer need any kind of work permit or visa ! </li></ul><ul><li>For a stay of up to three months (Directive 2004/38 CE Parl) </li></ul><ul><li>Document of identity or valid passport </li></ul><ul><li>For a stay of more than 3 months </li></ul><ul><li>Registration at registry office Local Council (Municipio) </li></ul><ul><li>Fiscal code/number, obtainable at the Agenzia Entrate with valid ID </li></ul><ul><li>European Healt Card (TEAM) ASL offices </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance policy that may cover any possible health expenses </li></ul><ul><li>CV and cover letter (better if in Italian) </li></ul><ul><li>Good knowledge of Italian </li></ul><ul><li>Experience and/or a degree </li></ul>
    44. 46. SOME ADVICE BEFORE LEAVING … <ul><li>Make sure to read the CCNL (rights and duties) </li></ul><ul><li>Before accepting a job offer, get your potential employer to send you a signed fax indicating work conditions : work-hours, pay packet, start date and accomodation (where necessary) </li></ul><ul><li>Verify the method of payment and the frequency with which you will receive your salary </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you have a sufficient budget prior to receiving your first salary, or to return home in case of necessity </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate form if you have the unemployment benefit (max 3 months) </li></ul>
    45. 47. <ul><li>Keep all your work documents </li></ul><ul><li>Request the appropriate forms according to the new social security rules if you want to apply for social benefits in your home country </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure you resolve fiscal matters : working in another Member State and transferring your residence there, in general you become “resident for fiscal purposes” in such a country. The definition of fiscal residence changes from one Member State to the next (See bilateral conventions in fiscal matters, in particular to avoid double taxation) </li></ul>SOME ADVICE … BEFORE RETURNING HOME
    46. 48. <ul><li>YourEurope: </li></ul><ul><li>Embassies: </li></ul><ul><li>Police: chisiamo/questure/link.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Tax administration: </li></ul>USEFUL LINKS – Rules & Bodies
    48. 50. What do I have to do…? For employees , employers must complete all the necessary formalities for social security registration. The contributions of employees are deducted from the gross total of the salary. Free-lance workers must register themselves and pay contributions into either a separate social security fund ( Cassa ) or else directly to INPS. <ul><li>APPRENTICESHIP (Apprendistato) for youngsters (>30) </li></ul><ul><li>PLACEMENT CONTACT (Contratto di Inserimento) </li></ul><ul><li>UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT </li></ul><ul><li>L 407/90 </li></ul><ul><li>“ CASSA INTEGRAZIONE” </li></ul><ul><li>“ MOBILIT À ” </li></ul>HIRING INCENTIVES & SUPPORTS:
    49. 51. SUBSIDIES: Unemployment Benefit <ul><li>NECESSARY PREREQUISITES: </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of availability (Job Centre) - no resignations </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security payments to INPS for at least 2 years before the dismissal (also in other MSs – TOTALIZATION) </li></ul><ul><li>At least 52 weeks of tax payments in the two-year period or </li></ul><ul><li>At least 78 working days in the year </li></ul><ul><li>FOR HOW LONG: </li></ul><ul><li>8 months for those < 50 years </li></ul><ul><li>12 for those > 50 years </li></ul><ul><li>HOW MUCH DO I RECEIVE? </li></ul><ul><li>From 2008, 60% for the first 6 months, 50% for the 7 th month, 40% for the rest </li></ul>Integrated Contact Centre INPS INAIL TEL +39.803.164: information on legal aspects & single cases .
    50. 52. LIVING IN ITALY
    51. 53. COST OF LIVING A bottle of water 1.60 € Coffee 0.95 € Cappuccino & croissant 1.90 € Pizza 8.50 € Pasta dish (macaroni) 5.00 € Meat dish 5.50 € Fish dish 7.90 € Dessert 4.00 € Ice cream 3.00 € Sandwich 3.00 € Bus (bus pass) - 10 tickets 8.00 €
    52. 54. Inflation rate in 2010 ITALY 1.8 FRANCE 1.6 PORTUGAL 2.0 GERMANY 1.0 SPAIN 1.8
    53. 55. APARTMENTS & FLATS Source: (January- June 2009)
    54. 56. APARTMENTS & FLATS Source: January- June 2009)
    55. 57. FINDING ACCOMODATION <ul><li>Hotels and lodgings: </li></ul><ul><li>B&Bs: </li></ul><ul><li>Youth Hostels: </li></ul><ul><li>Camp Sites: </li></ul><ul><li>Rooms to rent: </li></ul><ul><li>Further Info: National Tourism Board </li></ul>
    56. 58. OPENING A BANK ACCOUNT <ul><li>To open a bank account in Italy you must be over 18, have a valid ID and a tax code ( codice fiscale ) </li></ul><ul><li>Upon signing the contract, you must deposit a sum of money so as to be provided with a current account number and credit card </li></ul><ul><li>It is useful to open an account in the branch of an Italian bank in your own country and to lodge a sum of money </li></ul>
    57. 59. DRIVING LICENSE <ul><li>There is currently no common EU driving license, but the EU Member States have introduced a “European model” recognised in other countries </li></ul><ul><li>The principle of “mutual recognition” is generally applied </li></ul><ul><li>Driving licenses issued before 1996 are still valid (some States require additional data to be entered onto the license) </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of residence: no substitution </li></ul><ul><li>If the event you reside in another EU Member State and drive your car there for more than 6 months, it is necessary to register the car with the local authorities and pay the host country’s registration tax </li></ul><ul><li>Car insurance: valid throughout the Union </li></ul>
    58. 60. Any question?
    59. 61. <ul><li>Thank you for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li>Angela Maria Deidda </li></ul><ul><li>EURES Adviser </li></ul><ul><li>email: </li></ul><ul><li>tel. +39 (0) 79 2069627 </li></ul>