The Climate and Clean Air Coalitionand its first actions, and Oil and Gas Sector Activities Andrew Eil, U.S. Department of State Latin American & Caribbean Regional Meeting on SLCPs Bogota, Colombia, November 1, 2012
Presentation Key Topics1. Background information on the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC)2. Relevant oil & gas sector activities in the Latin America region (CCAC, Global Methane Initiative, Natural Gas Star International, Global Gas Flaring Reduction)3. Oil & gas sector activities of the CCAC
Origin of the Coalition• Many countries and organizations concerned with impacts of short-lived climate pollutants & have pursued mitigation: – Global Methane Initiative – Montreal Protocol’s Multilateral Fund favors climate-friendly solutions – Arctic Council: Arctic impacts of black carbon and methane – UNEP integrated assessment and synthesis reports, 2011• Many scientific and policy reports in recent years have heightened this concern• Need seen for a Coalition to voluntarily work with interested countries, companies and other stakeholders, to leverage high-level political will, and to scale-up existing actions and make major reductions
Launch of the CoalitionFebruary 16, 2012, Washington, D.C.
DMT1 The Coalition’s progress • Increased from 7 founding partners to 20 states and 17 non-state partners • 7 initiatives launched • Formal launch of the UNEP Secretariat in Paris • Creation of Science Advisory Panel to help ensure Coalition guided by science • Initial meetings in Stockholm, 23-24 April, and Paris, 23-24 July • Personal participation by ministers, including several events by Secretary Clinton
Slide 5DMT1 Good to stress Colombian leadership especially and make reference that several other Latin American countries have observed and/or are activley considering joining. TurkDM, 30/10/2012
CCAC Initiatives• Initial priorities of the Coalition’s work; not meant to be limiting• Cover reductions of all three core pollutants: methane, black carbon (BC), & HFCs; focus on quick, low-cost impacts & scalability • BC from diesel vehicles and engines • BC brick production (kilns) • SLCPs from municipal solid waste, landfills • HFC alternative technology and standards • Methane from oil & natural gas production• Agreed by all partners and approved by ministers• All focal areas led by one or more partners• Scaling up existing initiatives; additional initiatives proposed
Reducing black carbon emissions fromheavy duty diesel vehicles and engines
Mitigating black carbon and otherpollutants from brick production
Mitigating SLCPs from the municipal solid waste sector
HFC Alternatives: Technologies & Standards
Methane fromoil & natural gas production
CCAC Oil & Gas Initiative: The Opportunity• The initiative focused on oil and gas seeks to work collaboratively with companies to reduce venting, leakage, and flaring of natural gas from operations worldwide.• Oil and gas operations are the second-largest source of global anthropogenic methane emissions behind agriculture: 20% of all methane, or about 1.2-1.6 billion metric tons CO2eq.• An estimated 8 percent of total worldwide natural gas production is lost due to venting, leakage and flaring.• Emissions result in almost two gigatons of CO2e annually and represent U.S. $27 to $63 billion in lost revenues.• Flaring also releases substantial amounts of black carbon, which is particularly harmful to human health and areas like the Arctic.
Natural Gas STAR Program• Started in U.S. in 1993, expanded internationally in 2006• Over 120 domestic and 14 international partners have – Identified over 60 cost effective technologies and practices to reduce methane emissions – Reduced methane emissions by nearly 1,100 Bcf (30 Bcm), saving over $3 billion(US) 13
Natural Gas STAR, Global Methane Initiative Resources• Resources to advance cost-effective oil & gas sector methane emission reductions: – General technology transfer, training, and capacity building • Technical documents and research outlining over 60 mitigation options, including analyses of economic, environmental and operational benefits • Workshops and Conferences – Individual assistance to help companies identify and assess project opportunities • Estimated methane emission inventories • Measurement studies • Mitigation project feasibility studies• Technical documents available online: – http://www.epa.gov/gasstar/tools/recommended.html• Oil & gas subcommittee includes delegates from LAC countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, and Peru. 14
Natural Gas STAR, Global Methane Initiative Activities in Latin America• Pre-feasibility studies, workshops, and measurement studies – Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Brazil• Presented paper “The Importance of Addressing Methane Emissions as Part of a Comprehensive Greenhouse Gas Management Strategy “ at the Rio Oil and Gas Expo and Conference in September• Study tours of U.S. operations with successful methane reduction projects – Included representatives from Colombia and Argentina• Holding a workshop with the Colombian Ministry of Mines and Energy November 19 – “Benefits of the Global Methane Initiative and Methane Emission Reductions in the Colombian Oil and Gas Sector” – http://www.globalmethane.org/news- events/event_detailsByEventId.aspx?eventId=401 15
Global Gas Flaring Reduction (GGFR) Public-Private Partnership• Launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in August 2002• Brings together 20 governments of oil-producing countries, state- owned companies and major international oil companies to overcome the barriers to reducing gas flaring by sharing global best practices and implementing country specific programs.• Led by the World Bank• Facilitates and supports national efforts to use currently flared gas by promoting effective regulatory frameworks and tackling the constraints on gas utilization, particularly in developing countries.• Poverty reduction is also an integral part of the GGFR program.• LAC-engaged members of GGFR include Ecuador; BP, Chevron, ENI, ExxonMobil, Marathon, NorskHydro, Shell, Statoil, Total; OPEC Secretariat, and the World Bank.
Goals of Oil & Gas Initiative• The Coalition aims to help companies accelerate and expand voluntary emission reductions where there are cost-effective opportunities to do so, and to showcase progress by companies that are already taking significant action.• This effort will build upon and scale-up the achievements of the Natural Gas STAR International Program, the Global Methane Initiative, and the Global Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership.• While recognizing that existing efforts are making progress, additional opportunities exist to increase the volume of hydrocarbons going to productive use, improve operational efficiencies, and lead to substantial climate and health benefits.
Other CCAC initiatives & activities• National Action Plans: UNEP and Mexico leading• Finance: UNEP working with the World Bank• Outreach & awareness raising activities: led by UNEP, Sweden, and the United States – Launch event for outreach efforts on June 3 in Sweden – Many events in Rio de Janeiro at Rio +20, including with former U.S. President Clinton – CCAC website ( www.unep.org/CCAC ) – Regional workshops in Africa, Latin America, and Asia• Rapid Benefits Assessment Tool: U.S. EPA developing an analytical tool to quantify health, climate, and other benefits of methane and BC emissions reduction
Next Steps• Scaling-up of initiatives and key activities• High-profile events to recognize leading companies and other stakeholders• Recruiting and engaging new partners, including private sector and civil society• Awareness raising and outreach• Science Advisory Panel actively engaged
Concluding Thoughts• There is ample opportunity to reduce methane and black carbon emissions from oil & gas production in Latin America• There are a number of ongoing initiatives and programs in the region, on which the CCAC hopes to build, including the GMI and many others• The Coalition is eager to engage with countries and other interested stakeholders in the LAC region, including in existing and new initiatives• The Coalition encourages and seeks to support national, regional and global-level coordination and collaboration to reduce SLCPs, and solicits your input
Contacting the CCAC• To participate: – Join CCAC as a state, NGO, or business – All organizations welcome to participate in CCAC sector-based initiatives, including sub-national gov’ts• Web site: www.unep.org/ccac• CCAC Secretariat at UNEP/DTIE in Paris: – Sophie Bonnard and Sandra Cavalieri, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org. – Contact CCAC initiative leads directly – My contact information: Andrew Eil, EilAG@state.gov