Militarism Germany was competing with the UK tobuild battleships. The British feared an attack on theirempire. Germany was competing with Russia andFrance to expand their army.
Alliances By 1914 the countries of Europe with more power wereseparated into two alliances. The Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia). The Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary andItaly).
Imperialism All the great powers were fighting for colonies/territory. The British were feared of Germany in Africa. The Austrians were feared of Russia and Serbia in theBalkans.
Nationalism This was an age when all nations wanted to show theirpower and independence. The slav of Europe, aided by Serbia and Russia wantedto be free of Austrian rule.
SignificantIndividualsKaiser Wilhelm II He built up German army and navy. Aggressive foreign policy. Determined to make Germany a top nation. Distrusted by other powers.
The Crisis 1 It was on June 28 1914. Franz Ferdinand visits Sarajevo. The capital of Bosnia was recently grabbed by Austria. Hotbed of Slav nationalism.
The Crisis 2 The terrorist attack Franz Ferdinand. Bomb attempt fails in the morning. Gavrilo Princip kills Franz Ferdinand and his wife inthe afternoon. Austrians blame Serbia for supporting terrorists.
Why did Britain getinvolved? Britain had ententes with France and Russia. She felt threatened by the growing power of Germany. She felt confident with the Schlieffen Plan.
Schlieffen Plan Was the plan of Germany to defeat France and Russia. Avoid french defences by invasion of Belgium. Germans thought Britain would no intervene.