esri   European User Conference       Madrid 2011              What is GIS and            How Can It Help Me?             ...
«Knowing where things are, and why,is essential to rational decision making.»             Jack Dangermond             Esri...
YOU CAN    DOLOT     A     MOREWITH YOUR
Intelligence      Software                    GIS                      GISHardware                                        ...
Intelligence      Software                    GIS                      GISHardware                                        ...
Geographic Information System
Geographic Information System…with a spatial component…for capturing, managing, analyzing and understanding information…A ...
Geographic Information System…with a spatialGIS integrates           A component    hardware, software and data           ...
«You  do not really understand somethingunless you can explain it to your grandmother.»                          Albert Ei...
Everyone as a part of a GIS
Redefining your view of GIS     Population             Unemployment     Income
GIS defined by its use          Workflow and productivity improvement          Build up a reference information base      ...
GIS in our day-to-day life
GIS in our day-to-day life
Powering GIS Tens of users                       Research Hundreds of users                          GIS                  ...
A few practical applications
GIS modelling our world                            Restaurants                            Hotels                          ...
Conceptual workflow              Geometry   Data                         Parcel No.   Type   Address      Rules           ...
Three perspectives                              Map     Data                     Models
The Data       •   A single data repository: the Geodatabase       •   Every geographic dataset,           business logic ...
The Map      •   A set of geometric features that          represents a geographic reality.      •   A ‘window’ for explor...
The Model      •   Analysis tools that creates new geographic information          from existing data.
In short, a GIS is…     An information system     (hardware, software, data)     which enables us to apply lots of     ana...
Using spatial data –the traditional way                         ArcGIS Desktop       ArcGIS Explorer            Services  ...
Using spatial data –the traditional way                            ArcGIS Desktop       ArcGIS Explorer                   ...
Geodatabase •   Centralized data repository                                                                   Survey      ...
Data Layers     Streets     Data
Data Layers     Parcels / Building footprints     Data
Data Layers    Water pipes     Data
Data Layers     Hydrants     Data
Data Layers                  Topologic                 integration     Fire risk     Data
Topology  •   Branch of mathematics that studies geometry      from a qualitative perspective.  •   Topology describes the...
Topology in our GIS  •   Defines the way different point, line or polygon layers      relate each other geometrically.    ...
Behavior in our GIS  •   Geometric features may have properties that represent      geographic objects.                   ...
Where to find data  •   ArcGIS.com      -   Free basemaps      -   Map templates      -   User Services      -   Data pack...
Geographic Data
Clients  •   Visualization  •   Database query  •   Data preparation  •   Edit  •   Analysis / Modelling  •   Mapping     ...
Multiple users                 Desktop                 ArcMap                 ArcGIS Explorer                 ArcReader   ...
GIS Analysis
Two-tier architecture                            ArcGIS Desktop       ArcGIS Explorer                         Client Level...
Two-tier architecture                         ArcGIS Desktop       ArcGIS Explorer            Services                    ...
Service-Oriented Architecture  ArcGIS Desktop     ArcGIS Explorer             Mobile devices         Web Browsers         ...
Three-tier architecture  ArcGIS Desktop     ArcGIS Explorer             Mobile devices         Web Browsers               ...
GIS Services    MXD                                  SOAP                                         REST                    ...
Service-oriented architecture                                Publish                 Ce  Central  Area Department      Ser...
Web 2.0                        Albums                Wikis                  Geolocation          P2P                      ...
Powering GIS Tens of users                       Research Hundreds of users                          GIS                  ...
Intelligent Web Maps
A GIS is…       An information system       (hardware, software, data)       that allows us to apply lots of       analysi...
Geographic Information Systems…           …help us understand reality…                …answer questions about our world……a...
Where to begin    A piece of advice…
«The application of GIS is limited onlyby the imagination of those who use it.»            Jack Dangermond            Esri...
Thank You
What is GIS
What is GIS
What is GIS
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What is GIS

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Learn the basics about GIS with the presentation of Jaime Nieves and Ignacio Vázquez on Esri European User Conference 2011.

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What is GIS

  1. 1. esri European User Conference Madrid 2011 What is GIS and How Can It Help Me? Jaime Nieves Ignacio Vázquez esri spain
  2. 2. «Knowing where things are, and why,is essential to rational decision making.» Jack Dangermond Esri President & Founder
  3. 3. YOU CAN DOLOT A MOREWITH YOUR
  4. 4. Intelligence Software GIS GISHardware Knowledge Data Applications
  5. 5. Intelligence Software GIS GISHardware Knowledge Data Applications
  6. 6. Geographic Information System
  7. 7. Geographic Information System…with a spatial component…for capturing, managing, analyzing and understanding information…A set of software, hardware and data…
  8. 8. Geographic Information System…with a spatialGIS integrates A component hardware, software and data to capture, manage,…for capturing, managing, analyzing analyze and visualize and understanding information… any kind of information with a geographic component.A set of software, hardware and data…
  9. 9. «You do not really understand somethingunless you can explain it to your grandmother.» Albert Einstein Theoretical Physicist, unfortunately not related to GIS
  10. 10. Everyone as a part of a GIS
  11. 11. Redefining your view of GIS Population Unemployment Income
  12. 12. GIS defined by its use Workflow and productivity improvement Build up a reference information base Efficiency improvement Decision-making support Performance and accounting measurement support Generation of revenue Social content
  13. 13. GIS in our day-to-day life
  14. 14. GIS in our day-to-day life
  15. 15. Powering GIS Tens of users Research Hundreds of users GIS Professionals Thousands of users GIS Users Millions of users Society
  16. 16. A few practical applications
  17. 17. GIS modelling our world Restaurants Hotels Streets Roads Rivers Parcels Vegetation Water bodies Elevation Imagery  Reality
  18. 18. Conceptual workflow Geometry Data Parcel No. Type Address Rules 9856101 C López de Hoyos 9856102 C Antonio Salces 9856103 A América 9856104 P Prosperidad 9856105 C Luis Cabrera 9856106 C Santa Hortensia
  19. 19. Three perspectives Map Data Models
  20. 20. The Data • A single data repository: the Geodatabase • Every geographic dataset, business logic and behavior
  21. 21. The Map • A set of geometric features that represents a geographic reality. • A ‘window’ for exploring the data.
  22. 22. The Model • Analysis tools that creates new geographic information from existing data.
  23. 23. In short, a GIS is… An information system (hardware, software, data) which enables us to apply lots of analysis models to any geographical datasets for generating derived information that can be visualized as maps. “ A Geographic Information System helps us understand our world, answer questions about our environment and support us during decision-making.
  24. 24. Using spatial data –the traditional way ArcGIS Desktop ArcGIS Explorer Services Files Databases
  25. 25. Using spatial data –the traditional way ArcGIS Desktop ArcGIS Explorer Client Level Data Level Services Files Databases
  26. 26. Geodatabase • Centralized data repository Survey Networks Addresses • Spatial relationships Vectors Annotation • Multi-user access • Versioning 3D Objects • Security Attibutes • Scalability Topology Dimensions Terrain Parcels Symbology CAD Geodatabase Imagery Data
  27. 27. Data Layers Streets Data
  28. 28. Data Layers Parcels / Building footprints Data
  29. 29. Data Layers Water pipes Data
  30. 30. Data Layers Hydrants Data
  31. 31. Data Layers Topologic integration Fire risk Data
  32. 32. Topology • Branch of mathematics that studies geometry from a qualitative perspective. • Topology describes the geometric relationships of a given space. “ A topologist is someone that can’t distinguish between a cup of coffe and a doughnut Data
  33. 33. Topology in our GIS • Defines the way different point, line or polygon layers relate each other geometrically. Two contour lines can’t intersect Two parcels can’t overlap Buildings must be within parcels Data
  34. 34. Behavior in our GIS • Geometric features may have properties that represent geographic objects. Street network (edges, junctions, turns, impedances) Cadaster (parcels, boundaries, nodes ) Data
  35. 35. Where to find data • ArcGIS.com - Free basemaps - Map templates - User Services - Data packages - Social Network • resources.esri.com - Code samples - References & Forums - Online Help Data
  36. 36. Geographic Data
  37. 37. Clients • Visualization • Database query • Data preparation • Edit • Analysis / Modelling • Mapping Client
  38. 38. Multiple users Desktop ArcMap ArcGIS Explorer ArcReader Mobile ArcGIS for iOS ArcGIS for Android ArcGIS for WPS ArcGIS Mobile ArcPad Web REST Flex Silverlight Javascript Client
  39. 39. GIS Analysis
  40. 40. Two-tier architecture ArcGIS Desktop ArcGIS Explorer Client Level Data Level Services Files Databases
  41. 41. Two-tier architecture ArcGIS Desktop ArcGIS Explorer Services Files Databases
  42. 42. Service-Oriented Architecture ArcGIS Desktop ArcGIS Explorer Mobile devices Web Browsers ArcGIS Corporate Apps. for Server Cloud GIS Services Files Databases
  43. 43. Three-tier architecture ArcGIS Desktop ArcGIS Explorer Mobile devices Web Browsers Client Level ArcGIS Corporate Apps. Server Level for Server Cloud GIS Data Level Services Files Databases
  44. 44. GIS Services MXD SOAP REST KML OGC ArcGIS for Server Services Create Share Use Server
  45. 45. Service-oriented architecture Publish Ce Central Area Department Server
  46. 46. Web 2.0 Albums Wikis Geolocation P2P RSS Web 2.0 Communities Folksonomies Blogs On-line applications Server
  47. 47. Powering GIS Tens of users Research Hundreds of users GIS Professionals Thousands of users GIS Users Millions of users Society Server
  48. 48. Intelligent Web Maps
  49. 49. A GIS is… An information system (hardware, software, data) that allows us to apply lots of analysis models to any set of geographic data in order to generate derived information that can be explored as a map.
  50. 50. Geographic Information Systems… …help us understand reality… …answer questions about our world……and support us during decission-making.
  51. 51. Where to begin A piece of advice…
  52. 52. «The application of GIS is limited onlyby the imagination of those who use it.» Jack Dangermond Esri President & Founder
  53. 53. Thank You
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