NUR307: Chapter 17- Houser
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NUR307: Chapter 17- Houser NUR307: Chapter 17- Houser Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 17 Analyzing and Reporting Qualitative Data
  • Goals of Qualitative Analysis
    • Reduce the data to meaningful units that can be described, interpreted, reported
    • To organize and produce structure to the data collected
    • To draw out the meaning from the information and develop themes
  • The Challenges of Qualitative Analysis
    • No single standard or guideline for the analytic process
    • Enormous quantity of data is generated that must be reviewed and summarized
    • Balancing rich description with focus and length limitations
  • Some General Steps
    • Prepare the data for analysis
    • Conduct the analysis by developing an in-depth understanding
    • Represent the data in reduced form
    • Make an interpretation of the larger meaning of the data
  • Constant Comparison A method of analysis that involves the review of data as they are gathered and comparison of new data to what has been interpreted, in order to support reject earlier conclusions.
  • Common Qualitative Analytic Styles
    • Template analysis
    • Editing analysis
    • Immersion / crystallization
  • The Phases of Qualitative Analysis
    • Comprehending
    • Synthesizing
    • Theorizing
    • Recontextualizing
  • Analytic Processes
    • Organize and catalog the data
    • Review the data for initial impressions
    • Identify a classification system
    • Develop codes and a codebook
    • Evaluate the coded data to identify overall themes
    • Report the themes with supporting quotes
  • Specific Processes: Phenomenology
    • Reflection on the data
    • Explication of themes
    • Discernment of patterns that form the “essence of the experience”
  • Specific Processes: Grounded Theory
    • Generate categories of meaning
    • Position each category in a theoretical model demonstrating relationships
    • Create a story from the interconnectedness of the categories
    • Add informants as the theory unfolds to illuminate and/or refute specific conclusions
  • Specific Processes: Ethnography
    • Triangulation of multiple sources of information
    • Use of thick description to draw conclusions
  • Criteria for Trustworthiness
    • Credibility
    • Dependability
    • Confirmability
    • Transferability
  • Reporting Qualitative Results
    • Themes are reported with supporting information
      • Descriptive codes that make up the theme
      • Verbatim reports from informants
    • Quotes are selected for representativeness, not as single anecdotes
  • Possible Types of Codes
    • Setting and context codes
    • Perspective codes
    • Subjects ways of thinking
    • Process codes
    • Activity codes
    • Strategy codes
    • Relationship codes
    • Social structure codes