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Chap. 18
 

Chap. 18

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    Chap. 18 Chap. 18 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 18 Analyzing and Reporting Qualitative Data
    • Goals of Qualitative Analysis
      • Reduce the data to meaningful units that can be described, interpreted, reported
      • To organize and produce structure to the data collected
      • To draw out the meaning from the information and develop themes
    • The Challenges of Qualitative Analysis
      • No single standard or guideline for the analytic process
      • Enormous quantity of data is generated that must be reviewed and summarized
      • Balancing rich description with focus and length limitations
    • Some General Steps
      • Prepare the data for analysis
      • Conduct the analysis by developing an in-depth understanding
      • Represent the data in reduced form
      • Make an interpretation of the larger meaning of the data
    • Constant Comparison A method of analysis that involves the review of data as they are gathered and comparison of new data to what has been interpreted, in order to support reject earlier conclusions.
    • Common Qualitative Analytic Styles
      • Template analysis
      • Editing analysis
      • Immersion / crystallization
    • The phases of qualitative analysis
      • Comprehending
      • Synthesizing
      • Theorizing
      • Recontextualizing
    • Analytic Processes
      • Organize and catalog the data
      • Review the data for initial impressions
      • Identify a classification system
      • Develop codes and a codebook
      • Evaluate the coded data to identify overall themes
      • Report the themes with supporting quotes
    • Specific Processes: Phenomenology
      • Reflection on the data
      • Explication of themes
      • Discernment of patterns that form the “essence of the experience”
    • Specific Processes: Grounded Theory
      • Generate categories of meaning
      • Position each category in a theoretical model demonstrating relationships
      • Create a story from the interconnectedness of the categories
      • Add informants as the theory unfolds to illuminate and/or refute specific conclusions
    • Specific Processes: Ethnography
      • Triangulation of multiple sources of information
      • Use of thick description to draw conclusions
    • Criteria for Trustworthiness
      • Credibility
      • Dependability
      • Confirmability
      • Transferability
    • Reporting Qualitative Results
      • Themes are reported with supporting information
        • Descriptive codes that make up the theme
        • Verbatim reports from informants
      • Quotes are selected for representativeness, not as single anecdotes
    • Possible Types of Codes
      • Setting and context codes
      • Perspective codes
      • Subjects ways of thinking
      • Process codes
      • Activity codes
      • Strategy codes
      • Relationship codes
      • Social structure codes