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Tribes of the Southwest Apache, Hopi, Navajo, Yuma, Zuni, Pueblo This is the This is the Navajo Apache tribe. tribe.
Foods in the Southwest Indians from the Southwest are farmers. They grew corn, beans, squash, melons, and fruit. In the desert, they ate birds, rabbits, and wild turkeys. They dug ditches for irrigation.
Clothing of the Southwest Women in this region wore simple dresses made out of blankets sewn together, but they later wore long full skirts and velveteen blouses. Men wore shirts with sleeves and moccasins. When the weather got colder, cotton was worn.
Homes of the Southwest Adobe homes and Hogans are found in this region. Adobe is sun dried bricks made out of clay and straw. These homes could only be reached by ladders. Hogan’s are traditional Navajo houses that are eight sided and round. It is warm in winter and cool in summer. These are pueblo homes. This is a Hogan.
Native American Religions The people of the Southwest believe that in the universe there exists an Almighty. The Almighty belief is not pictured as a man in the sky, but is believed to be formless and exist in the universe. The sun is a sign and symbol for that. This picture is of the Almighty represented through the sun.
Tradition or Ceremony of theSouthwest Navajo Ceremonies are called ways. The most important is the Night way, a nine day healing ceremony in which friends and relatives of a sick person gather. Religious leaders, or singers attend ceremonies.
Arts/Crafts of the Southwest The tribes from the Southwest were great weavers. With the hot/dry land, clay was used to make pottery. Rocks of many colors were also crushed to create sand paintings. This is a sand This is a weave. This is pottery. painting.
A Famous Apache One famous Native American from this region is Geronimo. He is famous because he was a remarkable leader of the Chiricahua Apache. He was a spiritual leader who defended his people when the U.S. invaded their land for over 25 years.
Interesting Facts from the Southwest Before Indians in the Southwest region got horses, they traveled by foot and dug holes in the sides of the mesas and cliffs (in order to climb.) In Southwestern tribes, spiders are connected to the culturally important art of weaving. According to tradition, Spider Woman instructed the women of Navajo how to build the first loam from exotic materials. The Apache took frequent baths to clean their bodies of both bad luck and evil spirits. The Navajo are the largest Indian tribe in the United States. A navajo walking before This picture is they rode of spider horses. woman.
Works CitedBial,Raymond. The Navajo, Tarrytown,NY:Marshall Carendish, 1998. "Bing." . N.p.. Web. 19 Oct 2012.<http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=pueblo homes&view=detai>.. "Google." . N.p.. Web. 19 Oct 2012.<http://www.google.com/imgres?q=apache tribe&um>.“Navajo.” American History.ABC-CLIO,2012.web.16 oct.2012