D: 12/17/12A: European Economy NotesS: Why is the economy of Europe so differentamong each region?H: Eastern Europe Constructed Response Due Thursdayw.o.d: oil shaleWarm-Up: Answer questions 1 & 2 on page 337.Write the questions and answers
Word of the Day Word Definition Sentence Picture Layered Estonia has rock that deposits of oilOil shale shale that it yields oil uses to make when electricity for heated the Baltic countries.
I. Economic ActivitiesA. Heavy industry includes the production of machinery, coal & ironB. Countries without these minerals practice light industry and manufacture high-end electronics.C. Most workers in Western Europe participate in service industries, especially tourism
I. Economic ActivitiesD. Farming in Western Europe is called Mixed farming where several types of crops are grown on one farm. In Eastern Europe they grow food on farm cooperatives where several farmers will grow one type of food to lower the cost. Eastern Europe has just recently begun using modern equipment to farm on privately owned pieces of land.
II. Transportation and CommunicationsA. Railways link most major European cities, natural resources and industrial centers. Even the Chunnel under the English Channel links Paris to London.B. Europe handles 65% of all world shipping due to its ports, rivers and canalsC. All European television is linked in a system called the European Broadcasting Network.
II. Transportation and CommunicationsD. Western Europe is more technologically advanced than Eastern Europe and only recently people in Eastern Europe have begun to use cell phones. Items like computers and cable TV are also rare to find in Eastern Europe but are all over Western Europe.
III. Trade and InterdependenceA. In 1992 the European Union was made to eliminate the restrictions on trading goods among its members to make Europe more competitive in the global market. Today the EU has allowed for one currency called the Euro, established a central bank and has common foreign policy
III. Trade and InterdependenceB. After the fall of Communism in 1989 Eastern Europe has struggled to set up a free market economy and many have not been able to join the EU due to their environmental policies.
IV. Managing ResourcesA. Dry farming where they find ways to conserve soil moisture has to be used in Southern Europe due to its dry warm climate.B. The majority of the forests have been cut down and cleared for farm land making the soil erosion and many have started reforestation
V. Human ImpactA. Before 1989 Eastern Europe did not have the same environmental laws as Western Europe and caused much industrial waste.B. Burning chemicals and car exhaust help create acid rain that withers forest and is also carried to the ground by Europe’s freshwater systems. These polluted waters are also harming the farm landC. In Southern Europe people use the rivers for waste disposal
VI. Future Challenges• Pollution in the Danube River is threatening wildlife in the Black Sea and to clean it up it will cost a lot of money• By 2020 all EU members must have lower emissions rate so many are trying to find alternative energies.