A pair of gold earrings from ancient Mali Mali mudcloth A griot (storyteller) present day Mali Lead-in to next slide: Mali is a very old country. It has had many kings but there were 2 especially important kings.
Empire of Mali
MaliMaliLand of Gold & GriotsLand of Gold & GriotsA griot of todaygold earringsmudcloth
Prepared byPrepared byCarol AlmarezCarol AlmarezElementary Instructional TechnologyElementary Instructional TechnologyAlleghany County Public SchoolsAlleghany County Public Schools20052005
Sundiata: The Lion KingSundiata: The Lion King Prince of the MandinkaPrince of the Mandinkapeople, who werepeople, who wereconquered by cruel Susuconquered by cruel Susu In 1230, he conqueredIn 1230, he conqueredthe Susu peoplethe Susu people Under Sundiata, MaliUnder Sundiata, Maliprospered and becameprospered and becamevery rich by conquring.very rich by conquring. Died in 1255Died in 1255
Mansa MusaMansa Musa Several kings ruled afterSeveral kings ruled afterSundiata’s deathSundiata’s death Mansa Musa wasMansa Musa wasgrandson of Sundiata’sgrandson of Sundiata’shalf brotherhalf brother He became the greatestHe became the greatestking of Mali in 1312king of Mali in 1312 Under Mansa Musa, MaliUnder Mansa Musa, Malibecame a great tradingbecame a great tradingcenter especially withcenter especially withArabs.Arabs.MiniFactMiniFact: MansameansEmperor or: MansameansEmperor orKingKing
Mansa Musa and the HajjMansa Musa and the Hajj Mansa Musa became a devout MuslimMansa Musa became a devout Muslim Muslims must make a journey to Mecca called a ‘hajj’Muslims must make a journey to Mecca called a ‘hajj’ Mansa Musa crossed Africa to reach MeccaMansa Musa crossed Africa to reach Mecca He took a huge caravan with him in 1324He took a huge caravan with him in 1324 After that, everyone knew aboutAfter that, everyone knew aboutthe wealth of Mali and wanted to expand tradethe wealth of Mali and wanted to expand trade
The Mosque of MaliThe mosque at Djenne in Maliwas built with mud bricks.Click for a movie
What did Mali trade?What did Mali trade? GoldGoldThe dottedThe dottedlines are tradelines are traderoutes fromroutes fromMali to otherMali to otherparts ofparts ofAfricaAfrica
What else did they trade?What else did they trade? SaltSalt CopperCopper IvoryIvory ClothCloth Kola NutsKola Nuts SlavesSlaves BooksBooks ShellsShellsCamels, the ships of the desert, traveled in caravansCamels, the ships of the desert, traveled in caravansbringing to Mali:bringing to Mali:MiniFactMiniFact: This was before Columbus even sailed to: This was before Columbus even sailed tothe New World!the New World!
Why was Salt Important?Why was Salt Important? Mali often traded itsMali often traded itsgold for saltgold for salt Salt was sometimesSalt was sometimesmore valuable thanmore valuable thangold!gold! People’s bodies needPeople’s bodies needsalt to livesalt to live In the desert heat,In the desert heat,salt is lost throughsalt is lost throughperspirationperspiration Salt was used toSalt was used topreserve foodpreserve food Salt was brought inSalt was brought inlarge slabs (coins)large slabs (coins)MiniFactMiniFact: The picture: The picturebehind these words isbehind these words isalso a slab of SALT!also a slab of SALT!The manis holdinga slab ofsalt minedrecentlynearTimbuktu
TimbuktuTimbuktu A very importantA very importantcity in Malicity in Mali Center of learningCenter of learningfor Muslimsfor Muslims Universities andUniversities andschoolsschools Largest tradingLargest tradingcenter in Malicenter in Mali On the Niger RiverOn the Niger River TradeTrade FoodFood WashingWashingTimbuktu19thcentury traders inTimbuktu
The GriotsThe Griots Storytellers wereStorytellers werecalled Griots or djelicalled Griots or djeli They were importantThey were importantpeople in Malipeople in Mali They told the land’sThey told the land’shistoryhistory Most of what we knowMost of what we knowabout ancient Maliabout ancient Malicame from thecame from thestorytellersstorytellers They were advisors toThey were advisors tothe kingsthe kingsThis is a 19thcentury griot ofMali with his instrument