D: 12/3/12A: Notes on Ancient GreeceS: How did Ancient Greece influence democracy?H: Nonew.o.d: city-stateWarm-Up: Answer questions 1 & 2under Connecting to Math on pg. 266Write the questions and answers.
Word of the Day Word Definition Sentence Picture City and its After the fallCity-state surrounding of the Roman countryside Empire .
The Story of Ancient Greece
I. Geography of GreeceA.Greece is a small country in southern Europe.B.Greece is on the Aegean & Mediterranean Seas.C.The main part of Greece in on a peninsula.D.The rest of Greece is made up of islands.
II. Greek City-StatesA. Because Greece is made up of many islands, and has many tall mountains, the Greeks built city-states instead of one country.B. A city-state is a city with its own laws, rulers and moneyC. Greek city-states acted like their own countries
III. SpartaA. Sparta was located in the south.B. Sparta was very powerful and had its own army.C. Sparta conquered other city-states to gain wealth and power.D. There were three classes of people in Sparta.
IV. Sparta’s ClassesA. Only men born in Sparta were citizens but could not vote until age 30.B. Women were not allowed to become citizens but were allowed to own land and businesses, which gave them more freedom than other city- states.C. The second class was people who came from other places. They could own businesses but not land and could not become citizens.D. The third class was slaves.
V. Sparta’s WarriorsA. Education was centered around the military.B. Young boys were taken from their parents at age 7 and trained to be soldiers as well as good in sports such as running.C. Girls were also trained to be good in sports.
VI. AthensA. Located northeast from Sparta, Athens was another city-state.B. The people of Athens wanted to rule themselves and not have a monarchy.C. Athens became the world’s first democracy around 508 B.C.D. A democracy is a government in which all citizens can vote and have equal say in what happens.
VII. Democracy in AthensA. Only Athenian men were able to be citizens so only they could vote.B. Women, people born outside of Athens, and slaves could not vote.C. Each year 500 names were picked of all citizens and these 500 would serve in the assembly for 1 year.
VIII. PericlesA. Pericles was the leader of creating democracy in Athens.B. He was a well know general, Olympian, & politicianC. Pericles had many buildings like the Acropolis and the Parthanon built.
Parthenon and Acropolis
IX. Education in AthensA. Education was very important in Athens.B. Boys went to school to learn to read and write. They also learned many sports.C. Girls were not given any formal education.
X. The Greek AlphabetA. The Greeks borrowed their alphabet from the Phoenicians.B. Most European languages, including English borrowed ideas from the Greek alphabet.
XI. The ThinkersA. Socrates I. Tried to explain the natural of life II. Taught by asking questions III. The Socratic MethodB. Plato I. Was a student of Socrates II. Started a school called The AcademyC. Aristotle I. Was a student of Plato II. Wrote about science, art, law & government and poetry
XII. Alexander the GreatA. Alexander the Great was the son of King Phillip II of Macedonia located north of Greece.B. He was a student of Aristotle and thus loved Greek way of life.C. During Alexander’s youth his father conquered much of Greece.D. After the Kings death Alexander conquered the rest of Greece, Persia, Egypt, the Middle East and Northern India allowing all place to govern themselves as long as they were loyal.E. He also shared the Greek way of life.F. Alexander died at age 33 from malaria but never lost a battle.