Rawls e m1_a3


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Rawls e m1_a3

  1. 1. what is the difference between Educational and instructional technology? by elliott w. rawls jr.Saturday, May 14, 2011
  2. 2. Educational technologySaturday, May 14, 2011
  3. 3. Educational technology in the words of this author means technologically educating students emphasizing computers, internet, television, radio, and many others to improve their knowledge. Educational technology is ‘‘the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources,’’ according to the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), the largest professional society focused solely on educational technology. (english articles, Internet 2011)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  4. 4. Educational technology (other definitions) Educational technology is the considered implementation of appropriate tools, techniques, or processes that facilitate the application of senses, memory, and cognition to enhance teaching practices and improve learning outcomes. Hap Aziz, director of the School of Technology and Design at Rasmussen College AZIZ, HAP (SEPT. 9, 2010)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  5. 5. the five keys to educational technology 1. Considered implementation. 2. Appropriate tools, techniques, or processes. 3. Facilitate the application of senses, memory, and cognition. 4. Enhance teaching practices. 5. Improve learning outcomes.AZIZ, HAP (SEPT. 9, 2010)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  6. 6. CONSIDERED IMPLEMENTATION The idea that the implementation should be "considered" means additionally that there is an assessment loop built into the process; as outcomes are measured, effective use of technology is repeated, while ineffective use is either improved or abandoned. AZIZ, HAP (SEPT. 9, 2010)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  7. 7. Appropriate tools, techniques, or processes It is quite important to include the modifier of "appropriate" to this component, otherwise we see an ever-increasing use of technology that adds no value to education yet exacts a heavy price, again in multiple resource categories. The use of appropriate tools, techniques, or processes is much more likely to result in the outcomes that educators desire. AZIZ, HAP (SEPT. 9, 2010)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  8. 8. Facilitate the application of senses, memory, and cognition The use of video to bring the depths of the universe to the learners eyes; the use of the Internet to give the learner instant access to thoughts and observations of humanitys greatest thinkers--these are examples of technology facilitating the application of our own senses, memories, and cognitive abilities. AZIZ, HAP (SEPT. 9, 2010)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  9. 9. Enhance teaching practices Demonstrations, illustrations, instruction across learning styles--all of these are areas in which technology may provide those teaching with more leverage over learner gaps in knowledge and understanding. AZIZ, HAP (SEPT. 9, 2010)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  10. 10. Improve learning outcomes To justify the continued experimentation with and exploration of new technologies: smart classrooms, use of podcasts, access to the Internet, laptops for every child, and on and on, we need to assess our outcomes, make incremental changes in our methodologies to address shortcomings, then assess again, closing the loop in order to evaluate the efficacy of our work. We succeed when we are able to show improved learning outcomes, and as long as our metrics accurately represent the entire cross-section of the learners experience, we have a legitimate case for the continued use of technology in the teaching and learning endeavor. AZIZ, HAP (SEPT. 9, 2010)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  11. 11. Instructional TechnologySaturday, May 14, 2011
  12. 12. Instructional technology in the words of this author means instruction in the classroom that uses technology such as computers, internet, etc. to enhance the minds of the students. Instructional technology is the use of a variety of teaching tools to improve student learning. We usually think of computers and computer software when we think of instructional technology, but instructional technologies are not limited to computers in the classroom. Instructional technology describes all tools that are used for teaching and learning  such as: cameras, CD players, PDAs, GPS devices, computer-based probes, calculators and electronic tools we have yet to discover. school district U46 (Internet 2011)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  13. 13. instructional technology (other definitions) Instructional technology is just what it sounds like: using computers, CD-ROMs, interactive media, modems, satellites, teleconferencing, and other technological means to support learning. funderstanding.com (internet 2011)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  14. 14. 3 ways instructional technology affects learning through: 1. curriculum 2. instruction 3. assessment funderstanding.com (internet 2011)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  15. 15. curriculum Advanced technology has the potential to significantly expand the breadth and depth of the curriculum. With the Internet, for example, students can access information far beyond the scope of their traditional textbooks. Curricula can be individualized and adapted to students’ specific learning styles. Instructional technology has the power to enhance overall knowledge accumulation, instead of just focusing on content mastery. funderstanding.com (internet 2011)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  16. 16. instruction Advanced technology could significantly affect the role of teachers, as well as the structure of schools and classrooms. The use of instructional technology changes the teacher’s role from expert to facilitator or coach. Plus, instruction is no longer limited to the school building or classroom. For example, students can take courses from a global satellite feed or on the Internet. Learning can take place at home, at work, or anywhere else that has the capacity for a television, phone, or computer. funderstanding.com (internet 2011)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  17. 17. assessment Instructional technology will focus more and more on building feedback loops directly into the learning process. Students can obtain frequent and accurate feedback, make corrections to their work, and structure learning experiences around their individual needs. Assessment can be monitored by offsite instructors, plus it can be ongoing and cumulative. funderstanding.com (internet 2011)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  19. 19. NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS FOR TEACHERS 1. TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTS. Teachers demonstrate a sound understanding of technology operations and concepts. Teachers: A. demonstrate introductory knowledge, skills, and understanding of concepts related to technology (as described in the ISTE National Education Technology Standards for Students) B. demonstrate continual growth in technology knowledge and skills to stay abreast of current and emerging technologies. 2. PLANNING AND DESIGNING LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS AND EXPERIENCES. Teachers plan and design effective learning environments and experiences supported by technology. Teachers: A. design developmentally appropriate learning opportunities that apply technology-enhanced instructional strategies to support the diverse needs of learners. B. apply current research on teaching and learning with technology when planning learning environments and experiences. C. identify and locate technology resources and evaluate them for accuracy and suitability. D. plan for the management of technology resources within the context of learning activities. E. plan strategies to manage student learning in a technology-enhanced environment.Saturday, May 14, 2011
  20. 20. 3. TEACHING, LEARNING, AND THE CURRICULUM. Teachers implement curriculum plans, that include methods and strategies for applying technology to maximize student learning. Teachers: A. facilitate technology-enhanced experiences that address content standards and student technology standards. use technology to support l learner-centered strategies that address the diverse needs of students. B. apply technology to develop students higher order skills and creativity. C. manage student learning activities in a technology-enhanced environment. 4. ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION. Teachers apply technology to facilitate a variety of effective assessment and evaluation strategies. Teachers: A. apply technology in assessing student learning of subject matter using a variety of assessment techniques. B. use technology resources to collect and analyze data, interpret results, and communicate findings to improve instructional practice and maximize student learning. C.apply multiple methods of evaluation to determine students appropriate use of technology resources for learning,communication,and productivity.Saturday, May 14, 2011
  21. 21. 5. PRODUCTIVITY AND PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE.. Teachers use technology to enhance their productivity and professional practice. Teachers: A. use technology resources to engage in ongoing professional development and lifelong learning. B. continually evaluate and reflect on professional practice to make informed decisions regarding the use of technology in support of student learning. C. apply technology to increase productivity. D. use technology to communicate and collaborate with peers, parents, and the larger community in order to nurture student learning. 6. SOCIAL, ETHICAL, LEGAL, AND HUMAN ISSUES. Teachers understand the social,ethical,legal,and human issues surrounding the use of technology in PK-12 schools and apply those principles in practice. Teachers: A. model and teach legal and ethical practice related to technology use. B. apply technology resources to enable and empower learners with diverse backgrounds, characteristics, and abilities.Saturday, May 14, 2011
  22. 22. NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS FOR STUDENTS 1. Basic operations and concepts ✦ Students demonstrate a sound understanding of the nature and operation of technology systems. ✦ Students are proficient in the use of technology. 2. Social, ethical, and human issues ✦ Students understand the ethical, cultural, and societal issues related to technology. ✦ Students practice responsible use of technology systems, information, and software. ✦ Students develop positive attitudes toward technology uses that support lifelong learning, collaboration, personal pursuits, and productivity.Saturday, May 14, 2011
  23. 23. 3. Technology productivity tools ✦ Students use technology tools to enhance learning, increase productivity, and promote creativity. ✦ Students use productivity tools to collaborate in constructing technology-enhanced models, prepare publications, and produce other creative works. 4. Technology communications tools ✦ Students use telecommunications to collaborate, publish, and interact with peers, experts, and other audiences. ✦ Students use a variety of media and formats to communicate information and ideas effectively to multiple audiences.Saturday, May 14, 2011
  24. 24. 5. Technology research tools ✦ Students use technology to locate, evaluate, and collect information from a variety of sources. ✦ Students use technology tools to process data and report results. ✦ Students evaluate and select new information resources and technological innovations based on the appropriateness for specific tasks. 6. Technology problem-solving and decision-making tools ✦ Students use technology resources for solving problems and making informed decisions. ✦ Students employ technology in the development of strategies for solving problems in the real world. JONES, Dr. M. J., (Internet, 2011)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  25. 25. Resourcesenglish articles. (Internet 2011). educational technology. retrieved from http:// www.englisharticles.info/2011/02/27/educational-technology/(Educational technology can be thought of as the hardware, software, and ‘‘thinkware’’ of learning, as well as related research theorythat guides these efforts. This entry first defines what educational technology is. Next, it presents a short history of the field. Then itpresents highlights of the hardware, software, and audiovisual technologies used by educational technologists; processes and theoriesused by educational technologists; and research in educational technology.)AZIZ, HAP. (SEPT. 9, 2010). 5 keys to educational technology. retrieved from http://thejournal.com/articles/2010/09/16/the-5-keys-to-educational-technology.aspx(What is educational technology? What are its purposes and goals, and how can it best be implemented? Hap Aziz, director of the School ofTechnology and Design at Rasmussen College, explores what he terms the "five key components" to approaching educational technology.)school district U46. (Internet 2011). What is instructional technology? retrieved from http://www.u-46.org/it/DefinitionofInstructionalTechnology.html(Instructional technology is the use of a variety of teaching tools to improve student learning. Teachers use computers and otherinstructional technologies to present information they want students to know. They also use computers to assess students learning andidentify and report students learning needs.)funderstanding.com (internet 2011). instructional technology. retrieved from http://funderstanding.com/content/instructional-technology(Some educators believe the use of interactive, computer-based technology is crucial to improving classroom learning. Theseeducators contend that advanced technology will fundamentally change the learning process and structure. Other educatorsbelieve technology is merely a tool that has minimal impact on the quality of learning.)jones dr. m. j., (Internet, 2011) Defining Educational Technology for Classroom Learning. Retrieved from coe.winthrop.edu/educ641/06_new_files/PAPER_EdTechIntro.pdf(For others Educational Technology means integrating technology into teaching and learning, or, as it often called, technologyintegration. The National Educational Technology Standards (NETS) address issues of technology integration. NETS standards exist for avariety of people in an educational system. NETS-T standards are National Educational Technology Standards – Teachers; NETS-Sstandards are National Educational Technology Standards – Students, and NETS-A standards are National Educational TechnologyStandards – Administrators.)Roward, J. internet 2011. instructional design, instructional development. (venn diagram) retrieved from google images underinstructional technology.Saturday, May 14, 2011