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  • 1. Tough Times as Opportunity The National Council of State LegislatorsRethinking Resourcesfor Student Success December 2, 2011
  • 2. Spending has increased but the basic structure of schooling has remained the same From 1970 to 2005 : • Real spending doubled from $3,800 to $8,700 per pupil • 80% of increase went toward adding staff positions and increasing benefits while educator salaries remained flat in real dollars* • Spending on special education programs has gone from 4 to 21% of district budgets while regular education spending has dropped from 80% to 55%*** Parthenon group analysis, 2008**Richard Rothstein, Where has the money gone? 2009 Education Resource Strategies 2
  • 3. Public education jobs have continued togrow through recessions and are only nowstarting to fallSource: Marguerite RozaEducation Resource Strategies 3
  • 4. Budget gaps will continue due to afundamental cost structure that continues torise regardless of revenueSource: Marguerite Roza, November 2011Education Resource Strategies 4
  • 5. The biggest opportunities for restructuringinclude:1. Restructure one-size fits all job structure and compensation to attract needed expertise, promote teamwork and link to greater results and contribution2. Optimize existing time to meet student and teacher needs and extend where needed3. Rethink standardized class size model to target individual attention by strategically raising class sizes and rethinking one-size-fits-all class size models for providing individual attention4. Shift special education spending toward early intervention and targeted individual attention in general education settings where possibleEducation Resource Strategies 5
  • 6. Compensation spending is not aligned withteaching quality 120% 100% 24% Benefits 80% <2% Responsibility & Results 60% 27% Longevity 7% 40% Education 20% Base 42% 0% District with Senior Teacher ForceSource: ERS AnalysisEducation Resource Strategies 6
  • 7. Struggling students don’t have enough timeto catch up TYPICAL DISTRICT PERCENT OF STUDENT TIME BY GRADE & SUBJECT 100% PE 80% Electives 60% Foreign Language Science 40% Social Studies Math 20% ELA 0% ES 7-9th 10-12thSource: ERS AnalysisEducation Resource Strategies 7
  • 8. “One size fits all” classes mean that moststudents don’t get the attention they need Larger Class vs. Larger Class Larger ClassEducation Resource Strategies 8
  • 9. Special education placements and delivery models vary widely across states Special Education Placements (ages 3-21 as percent of public school enrollment) 5.0 0.0Note: A recent nation-wide estimate of education placement in urban settings put the national average and the urban average at 12%. Education Resource Strategies 9
  • 10. What can states do?  TELL THE STORY ABOUT MISALIGNMENTS AND TRADE OFFS  REALLOCATE SCARCE STATE RESOURCES – Drive resources - talent, time and dollars - to the neediest systems and schools – Invest to build state and district capacity – Restructure pension and benefit spending  BREAK DOWN BARRIERS TO DISTRICT LEVEL OPTIMIZATION – Revise tenure, dismissal and other employment rules – Remove or loosen seat time and class size requirements – Combine categorical streams and/or move to dollar vs. staff based  ENCOURAGE DISTRICT INNOVATION – Help districts develop better teacher and student measurement systems – Provide opportunities to scale individual district efforts – Promote new approaches and designs – Support investment in early intervention servicesEducation Resource Strategies 10
  • 11. By taking on tough choices, schools canmove toward transformed practice For the same cost a typical 25,000 student urban district can: Pay the top contributing Reduce class sizes grades 4-12 by 2 OR 15% of teachers 10K more Add 60 minutes of Allow benefits spending school day in the 25% OR lowest performing to increase by 10% schools Provide half-day pre-K Give all teachers annual step increase OR for 50% of Kindergarden studentsERS’ District Reallocation Modeler (DREAM)Education Resource Strategies 11