Improvement in Food
Resources - Agriculture
Crop Seasons
Kharif Season Rabi Season
Rainy season crops Winter season crops
Kharif Season
Maize
Paddy
pigeon pea
Rabi Season
Wheat Peas Mustard
Stages of
Farming Practices
Choice of seeds
For planting
Nurturing of the
crop
Protection of the
growing crops and
Harvest...
Three stages of farming
Practices to improve
Crop yeilds
Choice of seeds
For planting
1. Crop variety improvement
- Nurtur...
Hybridization
Parent 1
(with a desired character)
(e.g., high yield)
Parent 2
(with a desired character)
(e.g., disease re...
Sources Plant Nutrients No.
Air Carbon, Oxygen (2)
Water Hydrogen (1)
Soil 1. Macronutrients-
Nitrogen,
Phosphorus,
Potass...
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Agriculture

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Agriculture

  1. 1. Improvement in Food Resources - Agriculture
  2. 2. Crop Seasons Kharif Season Rabi Season Rainy season crops Winter season crops
  3. 3. Kharif Season Maize Paddy pigeon pea
  4. 4. Rabi Season Wheat Peas Mustard
  5. 5. Stages of Farming Practices Choice of seeds For planting Nurturing of the crop Protection of the growing crops and Harvested crops from loss Crop Production Improvement by Crop variety Improvement by Different methods Crop protection management •Hybridization •Genetic manipulation •Nutrient management or mineralnutrition of plants •Manures and fertilisers •Organic farming •Irrigation •Cropping patterns •Insects-pests control •Diseases control •Weeds control •Scientific storage of grains
  6. 6. Three stages of farming Practices to improve Crop yeilds Choice of seeds For planting 1. Crop variety improvement - Nurturing of the crop 2. Crop production improvement Protection of the growing crops and harvested crops from loss 3. Crop protection management
  7. 7. Hybridization Parent 1 (with a desired character) (e.g., high yield) Parent 2 (with a desired character) (e.g., disease resistant) Offspring (Hybrid)
  8. 8. Sources Plant Nutrients No. Air Carbon, Oxygen (2) Water Hydrogen (1) Soil 1. Macronutrients- Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sulphur 2. Micronutrients- Manganese, Copper, Molybdenum, Chlorine, Calcium (4) (9)
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