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Scott Pfeifer - Transportation Security Administration (TSA) in the USA
 

Scott Pfeifer - Transportation Security Administration (TSA) in the USA

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  • Masterpiece International ltd.
  • Masterpiece International ltd.

Scott Pfeifer - Transportation Security Administration (TSA) in the USA Scott Pfeifer - Transportation Security Administration (TSA) in the USA Presentation Transcript

  • TSA in the USA: Cargo Screening Regulations in the US Scott Pfeifer Masterpiece International Ltd. November 8, 2010
    • The Implementation Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of
    • 2007 were signed into law on August 3, 2007
    • The law requires 100% of all cargo on passenger aircraft be screened
    • by August, 2010 and requires the Transportation and Security
    • Administration (TSA) to:
    • Establish a system to screen 100% of cargo transported on passenger aircraft
    • Provide a level of security commensurate with that of passenger baggage
    • Ultimate responsibility for inspecting cargo falls on the airlines, who do
    • not have the capacity to screen all freight that is tendered
  • Certified Cargo Screening Program Overview
    • TSA developed CCSP by working with U.S. and international agencies to incorporate aspects of commensurate security programs
    • - Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT)
    • - UK ’ s Known Consignor Program
    • Participation in CCSP is voluntary, but once in, CCSF ’ s must:
    • - Adhere to increased TSA-directed security standards
    • - Employ chain of custody
    • - Be subject to TSA inspections
    • TSA creates Certified Cargo Screening Program (CCSP) to:
    • - Allow screening of cargo early in the air cargo supply chain by a trusted, vetted
    • and audited facility
    • - Establish integrity of shipment through enhanced physical and personnel
    • security standards at Certified Screening Facilities (CCSF ’ s)
    • - Maintain integrity of shipment through supply chain by utilizing stringent
    • chain of custody methods
  • Who can become a Certified Screening Facility?
    • The CCSP is a facility based program; off-site screening is not allowed
    • Facilities currently applying to become CCSFs:
    • Any entity with the desire to screen cargo must have a facility that can become secured. Not an issue with U.S. museums.
    • About 60 U.S. Museums already CCSF ’ s, as are many fine art warehouses, and more applications are in the pipeline
  • Chain of Custody TSA Approved Screening Methods Primary Screening Technology Physical - AT X-RAY - Physical Search - Explosives Trace Detection (ETD) - Other TSA Approved - Explosives Detection System (EDS) methods - Other detection equipment approved by TSA in the future Secondary Screening - TSA Approved Canines
  • Physical Inspection for Screening
    • Physical screening no different than packing a crate
    • Lenders to US museums will see no difference in de-installation, packing or shipping process other than signage, TET and additional paperwork
    • Non-US Citizens can be involved in packing procedures but must supervised by a qualified screener
    • Portable screening not allowed! Cannot screen off site and leave or return to another CCSF
    • Chain of custody must then be kept intact from time of screening to airport delivery
  • Options
    • Why would a U.S. Museum not become a CCSF?
    • Low volume of airport export cargo for passenger aircraft
    • Other options for screening nearby that museum is comfortable with:
      • Fine art Warehouse
      • Another local museum
      • Independent CCSF
    • Government regulation
    • Recurrent training, background checks and paperwork onerous
    • Staffing concerns (i.e. subcontracted security guards, downsizing)
    • . Screening at cargo is innocuous
    • Options for shipping unscreened freight:
    • Deliver crates to local fine art warehouse that is a CCSF
    • Use freighter/all cargo aircraft; currently no screening regulation
    • Deliver freight unscreened to airlines
  • Potential Issues with tendering unscreened freight
  • US Government Indemnity and CCSP
    • Great if applicant is already a CCSF, since USGI is most interested in risk management, but not required at this point
    • Decision must be made individually by each institution
    • Can check guidelines at: http://www.nea.gov/grants/apply/Indemnity/indemnityInternational.html
    • If USGI applicant is not a CCSF, any options for pre-screening facilities must have the same climate control/security conditions that USGI requires, i.e. 24-hour guards.
    • If not a CCSF and submitting an application, be sensible and check all possible alternatives for pre-screening freight, i.e. local warehouses, museums
    • Make sure options are approved by USGI
    • USGI does not require that applicants be CCSFs
  • Current Status at U.S. Airports
    • Airlines are screening at 100% and no major issues to speak of
    • Airlines accepting only pre-screened freight from CCSF ’ s with proper documentation and chain of custody proof intact
    • Airlines beginning to charge for fees for screening non pre-screened cargo;
    • normally $0.05 - $0.10/kg
    • Potential for backlogs at airlines for un-
    • screened freight have not materialized
    • as many had predicted. Total volume of
    • freight is down from several years ago, but volumensre are once again are once again is rising.