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Scott Pfeifer - Transportation Security Administration (TSA) in the USA
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Scott Pfeifer - Transportation Security Administration (TSA) in the USA

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  • Masterpiece International ltd.
  • Masterpiece International ltd.
  • Transcript

    • 1. TSA in the USA: Cargo Screening Regulations in the US Scott Pfeifer Masterpiece International Ltd. November 8, 2010
    • 2.
      • The Implementation Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of
      • 2007 were signed into law on August 3, 2007
      • The law requires 100% of all cargo on passenger aircraft be screened
      • by August, 2010 and requires the Transportation and Security
      • Administration (TSA) to:
      • Establish a system to screen 100% of cargo transported on passenger aircraft
      • Provide a level of security commensurate with that of passenger baggage
      • Ultimate responsibility for inspecting cargo falls on the airlines, who do
      • not have the capacity to screen all freight that is tendered
    • 3. Certified Cargo Screening Program Overview
      • TSA developed CCSP by working with U.S. and international agencies to incorporate aspects of commensurate security programs
      • - Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT)
      • - UK ’ s Known Consignor Program
      • Participation in CCSP is voluntary, but once in, CCSF ’ s must:
      • - Adhere to increased TSA-directed security standards
      • - Employ chain of custody
      • - Be subject to TSA inspections
      • TSA creates Certified Cargo Screening Program (CCSP) to:
      • - Allow screening of cargo early in the air cargo supply chain by a trusted, vetted
      • and audited facility
      • - Establish integrity of shipment through enhanced physical and personnel
      • security standards at Certified Screening Facilities (CCSF ’ s)
      • - Maintain integrity of shipment through supply chain by utilizing stringent
      • chain of custody methods
    • 4. Who can become a Certified Screening Facility?
      • The CCSP is a facility based program; off-site screening is not allowed
      • Facilities currently applying to become CCSFs:
      • Any entity with the desire to screen cargo must have a facility that can become secured. Not an issue with U.S. museums.
      • About 60 U.S. Museums already CCSF ’ s, as are many fine art warehouses, and more applications are in the pipeline
    • 5. Chain of Custody TSA Approved Screening Methods Primary Screening Technology Physical - AT X-RAY - Physical Search - Explosives Trace Detection (ETD) - Other TSA Approved - Explosives Detection System (EDS) methods - Other detection equipment approved by TSA in the future Secondary Screening - TSA Approved Canines
    • 6. Physical Inspection for Screening
      • Physical screening no different than packing a crate
      • Lenders to US museums will see no difference in de-installation, packing or shipping process other than signage, TET and additional paperwork
      • Non-US Citizens can be involved in packing procedures but must supervised by a qualified screener
      • Portable screening not allowed! Cannot screen off site and leave or return to another CCSF
      • Chain of custody must then be kept intact from time of screening to airport delivery
    • 7. Options
      • Why would a U.S. Museum not become a CCSF?
      • Low volume of airport export cargo for passenger aircraft
      • Other options for screening nearby that museum is comfortable with:
        • Fine art Warehouse
        • Another local museum
        • Independent CCSF
      • Government regulation
      • Recurrent training, background checks and paperwork onerous
      • Staffing concerns (i.e. subcontracted security guards, downsizing)
      • . Screening at cargo is innocuous
      • Options for shipping unscreened freight:
      • Deliver crates to local fine art warehouse that is a CCSF
      • Use freighter/all cargo aircraft; currently no screening regulation
      • Deliver freight unscreened to airlines
    • 8. Potential Issues with tendering unscreened freight
    • 9. US Government Indemnity and CCSP
      • Great if applicant is already a CCSF, since USGI is most interested in risk management, but not required at this point
      • Decision must be made individually by each institution
      • Can check guidelines at: http://www.nea.gov/grants/apply/Indemnity/indemnityInternational.html
      • If USGI applicant is not a CCSF, any options for pre-screening facilities must have the same climate control/security conditions that USGI requires, i.e. 24-hour guards.
      • If not a CCSF and submitting an application, be sensible and check all possible alternatives for pre-screening freight, i.e. local warehouses, museums
      • Make sure options are approved by USGI
      • USGI does not require that applicants be CCSFs
    • 10. Current Status at U.S. Airports
      • Airlines are screening at 100% and no major issues to speak of
      • Airlines accepting only pre-screened freight from CCSF ’ s with proper documentation and chain of custody proof intact
      • Airlines beginning to charge for fees for screening non pre-screened cargo;
      • normally $0.05 - $0.10/kg
      • Potential for backlogs at airlines for un-
      • screened freight have not materialized
      • as many had predicted. Total volume of
      • freight is down from several years ago, but volumensre are once again are once again is rising.

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