Derk Loorbach - The Art of Transitions to Become Green


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  • Systeemwijzigingen zijn nodig vanwege persistent problemen: diep geworteld in onze maatschappelijke structuren, cultuur en gedrag
  • Derk Loorbach - The Art of Transitions to Become Green

    1. 1. The art of Transitions to become Green Derk Loorbach Amsterdam, 09-11-2010
    2. 2. <ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Museums </li></ul><ul><li>Transitioning </li></ul><ul><li>3 challenges </li></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    3. 3. Green Museums: a trend? <ul><li>75 million google hits </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on green buildings and operations </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing emphasis on social role </li></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    4. 4. Green Museums Dutch Research Institute For Transitions War Museum Ottawa Siemens Urban Systainability Centre California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco
    5. 5. What is happening? <ul><li>Society is changing and increasingly complex </li></ul><ul><li>We are facing increasingly persistent problems </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability is a moral and practical challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Every organisation needs to redefine its role, ambition and contribution </li></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    6. 6. Resilience and sustainability Dutch Research Institute For Transitions Röckstrom et al, 2009
    7. 7. <ul><li>Complex, long-term and uncertain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>no quick fixes or only technological solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embedded in societal structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>optimization through existing solutions insufficient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many different actors involved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>contested and ‘ill-structured’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Difficult to ‘manage’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: energy, mobility, agriculture, education, health care, water management, housing etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Unsustainability lock-in requires transitions </li></ul></ul>Sustainability as persistent problem Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    8. 8. Transitions <ul><ul><li>fundamental change of structure, culture and practices in a societal (sub)system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>culture: collective set of values, norms, perspectives (shared orientation), paradigms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>structure: physical infrastructure, economic infrastructure, institutions, rules, regulations, collective routines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>practices: behaviour, operation, implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared discourse and language for multi-actor learning and innovation processes </li></ul></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    9. 9. Transition levels Dutch Research Institute For Transitions Macro-level: landscape autonomous trends, paradigms, slow changes Meso-level: regime Dominant structure, culture and practices Micro-level : niches innovative ideas, projects, technologies, niche actors Based on Geels and Kemp, 2001
    10. 10. Multiple Phases Dutch Research Institute For Transitions From: Rotmans et al, 2000 Predevelopment Stabilization time Societal development Acceleration Take-off
    11. 11. Inevitable? <ul><li>Number of landscape developments pressure regimes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Globalisation, resources, climate issues, economic crises, demography … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Number of alternatives becoming competitive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewables, ecological approaches, community initiatives, new financial models, self-organisation, … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regimes start to defend, get into crises or open up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protectionism, spreading doubt, prolongation strategies, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> current crises represent systems crisis </li></ul></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    12. 12. Sustainability and transitions <ul><li>Transitions are rare and most likely do not automatically lead to sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability itself is inherently ambiguous, contested and uncertain </li></ul><ul><li>It is about the process of sustainable development rather than the end goal </li></ul><ul><li>Frontrunner individuals and organisations take the lead in the discovery journey </li></ul>
    13. 13. Why do sustainability transitions fail? <ul><li>Institutional fragmentation and miscoordination </li></ul><ul><li>Dominant players have too many interests to defend and don ’ t want to change the rules drastically </li></ul><ul><li>Technological and social lock-in and path dependencies </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of coherence in thought and strategy of sustainability initiatives </li></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    14. 14. Where is art? Dutch Research Institute For Transitions time Societal development
    15. 15. Transition governance principles <ul><li>long-term thinking as the basis for short term policy </li></ul><ul><li>thinking in terms of multiple domains (multi-domain), different actors (multi-actor), different levels (multi-level) </li></ul><ul><li>learning as an important aim for policy (‘learning-by-doing’ and ‘doing-by-learning’) </li></ul><ul><li>orient governance towards system innovation besides system improvement </li></ul><ul><li>keeping options open, exploring multiple pathways </li></ul><ul><li>selective participation focusing on frontrunners </li></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    16. 16. Governance framework Dutch Research Institute For Transitions Strategic (culture, worldviews, norms and values) Tactical (institutions, networks, structures) Operational (practices, innovations, niches) Influencing learning and reflection Influencing changes in structures Influencing changes in culture and discourse Influencing innovation dynamics
    17. 17. Dutch Research Institute For Transitions society Transition arena Regular policy arena <ul><li>- Short term </li></ul><ul><li>- Peloton </li></ul><ul><li>Incremental change </li></ul><ul><li>Problem- and goal oriented </li></ul><ul><li>- Long term </li></ul><ul><li>- Frontrunners </li></ul><ul><li>System-innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Problem- and goal searching </li></ul>Transition arenas
    18. 18. Transition approach <ul><li>acknowledge that there is a persistent problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>shared problem perception </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the solution does not exist </li></ul><ul><ul><li> transform problem into visionary challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>define guiding principles and evolving transition agenda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>multiple futures with multiple pathways and options </li></ul></ul><ul><li>start portfolio of experiments into the same direction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>postpone choices till enough has been learned </li></ul></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    19. 19. Transition management practices <ul><li>Increasing numbers of actors engage collectively in research and governance of transitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health care, building, energy, water, regional and local </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Individuals and organisations transition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business, education, government, research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local initiatives blossom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do-it-yourself sustainability, transition towns </li></ul></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    20. 20. Dutch Research Institute For Transitions 5 strategies <ul><li>Re-inventing delta technology </li></ul><ul><li>Volume & Value </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing borders </li></ul><ul><li>Floating gentrification </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable mobility </li></ul>Long term : perspective 2040 Mid term : course 2025 Short term : action 2015 City harbours: agenda
    21. 22. One of the images: Floating City (Design: Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    22. 23. … the transition experiment Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    23. 24. Neighbourhoodarena Oud-Charlois <ul><li>Transition arena experiment in deprived neighbourhood (wijkarena) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local citizens, entrepreneurs, organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is a sustainable community? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And how to organize it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engaging the willing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community empowerment and self-organisation </li></ul></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    24. 25. Dutch Research Institute For Transitions Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    25. 26. Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    26. 27. Core transitional challenge <ul><li>Community empowerment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing self-organisational capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paradigm shift towards self-awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulating community needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy transition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in societal process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toward integrative cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing process governance capacity </li></ul></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    27. 28. Emerging agenda and experiments <ul><li>Core narrative: welcoming neigbourhood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socio-cultural ‘islands’ produce anonymous public space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on problems by policy reinforces negative dynamics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeling at home implies responsibilities and space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practical orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community planning for local square </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ bridge builders’: citizens welcoming neighbours and newcomers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative youth across cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greening the neighbourhood: self-management of green space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Images of the neighbourhood </li></ul></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    28. 29. Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    29. 30. Local artists and galeries got involved
    30. 31. Where are museums? <ul><li>Are they beacons that could guide society through chaotic transitions? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providing: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>stability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>space </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reflection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>guidance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    31. 32. Museums and transitions: 3 levels <ul><li>Transition in the organisation and building </li></ul><ul><li>Transition in its mission and practice </li></ul><ul><li>Co-creator of societal transitions </li></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    32. 33. Level 1: operational sustainability <ul><li>Energy  generate own renewable energy </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility  develop sustainable mobility plans </li></ul><ul><li>Water  safe water and ban bottled water </li></ul><ul><li>Food  organic, regional food </li></ul><ul><li>Resources  C2C, recylce and reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity  green the building </li></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    33. 34. Level 2: structure building <ul><li>Develop coalitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Around mobility schemes, renewable energy, food production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop new infrastructures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For learning, debate sense-making, art-society duialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cluster museums </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatially and combine mobility, resources </li></ul></ul>
    34. 35. Level 3: guiding transitions <ul><li>Take part in societal innovation processes </li></ul><ul><li>Give stage to engaged artists </li></ul><ul><li>Acommodate public debate </li></ul><ul><li>Offer reflection and alternative perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Provoke </li></ul>
    35. 36. <ul><li>Thank you for your attention </li></ul><ul><li>For more information and publications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
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