Van Bockstael Egmo Nt

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Van Bockstael Egmo Nt

  1. 1. EGMONT – Royal Institute for International Relations, Belgium
  2. 2. <ul><li>Conflict Diamonds, the Kimberley Process as an international, multistakeholder response </li></ul><ul><li>Weak internal controls in artisanal diamond producing countries (e.g. Ghana) threatens integrity and effectivity of the KPCS </li></ul><ul><li>Moscow Declaration 2005, creation of WGAAP </li></ul><ul><li>Belgian FPS FA commissioned EGMONT to study these dynamics </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Two objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen KPCS integrity by improving control over informal extraction and trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve social and economic situation of artisanal diamond diggers, miners; encourage positive role of ASM in driving rural development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cooperation with WGAAP, CASM </li></ul><ul><li>Strenght in combination:two desired outcomes, one set of measures </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Research project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newly commissioned field research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three phases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical review of past diamond development programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validation, conclusions </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Current status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research completed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validation workshop held in Pretoria, 15-16 Sept 08 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drafting publication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Official publication at KP Plenary, New Delhi, 3 Nov 08 </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Research includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geological analysis of transborder mining, case study Berbérati-Yokadouma-Enyele (CAR, RCongo, Cameroun) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anthropological study on how this affects communities: case of the bana Lunda, Congolese artisans in Angola during the civil war </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>State capacity in Africa :key governance issues, challenges, approaches: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring mining and trading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formalising the sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing internal controls (KP) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study on cooperatives in Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key factors driving coop development, organization and structure, services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessons for African cooperative development? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Significant wage differences between African/Latin-American diggers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? Examination of value-chain, price mark-ups as diamonds travel their paths </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Specific case study on ADM in Mbuji-Mayi, attention for grass-roots initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Ghanaian diamond industry: PMMC, cooperation with galamsey , internal controls issues </li></ul><ul><li>Interventions in the artisanal diamond secor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PDA/IDMP, Sierra Leone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D4D, Liberia </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>KP Moscow Declaration, 2005 Recommendations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensuring traceability of production from mine to export </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulating artisanal mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulating the trade in artisanal mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tackling illicit cross-border trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging artisans to move into the formal economy </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Contribution of Egmont to the KPCS and artisanal diamond mining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support to the WGAAP in implementing Moscow Recommendations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Case studies of different strategies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation of past interventions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lessons learned, reflecting in improved and more balanced recommendations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive effect of KP requirements on ASM communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formalization can lead to retaining more money inside the country, stimulating development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improves social/eco capital of mining communities, reducing vulnerability to exploitation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Contact: </li></ul><ul><li>Steven Van Bockstael </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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