Technical support devoted to  small and artizanal mining clusters in Brazil 8th Annual CASM Conference Brasilia, 6 to 12 t...
Basic definitions on ASM Clusters <ul><li>Porter (2000)  : “  A cluster is a geographically proximate group of companies a...
Supporting ASM Clusters <ul><li>Background conditions that pushed  Federal Government to a new policy towards  ASM were: <...
ARRANJOS PRODUTIVOS LOCAIS DE BASE MINERAL Gemas e Jóias - MG # # Opala - Região Pedro II - PI Cerâmica Vermelha – CE   Mi...
Usual ASM clusters problems <ul><li>Previous diagnosis studies on ASM Clusters (or  APL  in portuguese) in Brazil show som...
Technical support ASM Clusters  Geological research (CPRM and State Geol.Agencies) 2- Mining technology (CETEM and partner...
CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Limestone ASM Cluster at Cariri Region, Ceara State   <ul><li>Producers not le...
Chapada do Araripe is a very well known research site for fossiles CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Limestone A...
<ul><li>Legal Formalization:  </li></ul><ul><li>Producers   Cooperative  was  formed </li></ul><ul><li>Mining Rights and l...
CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Limestone ASM Cluster at Cariri Region, Ceara State   Local industr ies   part...
APL - OPALA - PI MINA BOI MORTO  CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Opal ASM Cluster at Pedro II, Piaui State
APL - OPALA - PI MINA BOI MORTO  <ul><li>Main problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous areas (tailings dump) </li></ul><ul><l...
CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Opal ASM Cluster at Pedro II, Piaui State
CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Opal ASM Cluster at Pedro II, Piaui State Benchs construction at the tailing d...
CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Opal ASM Cluster at Pedro II, Piaui State Screening using a trommel device
CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Natural Stone ASM Cluster at S.A. De Pádua, Rio de Janeiro State
The Natural Stone ASM Cluster at S.A. De Pádua, Rio de Janeiro State Stone cutting/sewing small plants using high volumes ...
An inexpensive chemical treatment was developed to recycle water separating fine solids The Natural Stone ASM Cluster at S...
The Natural Stone ASM Cluster at S.A. De Pádua, Rio de Janeiro State New technology: Use of natural stone fine solids on m...
The Natural Stone ASM Cluster at S.A. De Pádua, Rio de Janeiro State Mortar plant was built and started up prodcution last...
OBRIGADO ! 8th Annual CASM Conference Brasilia, 6 to 12 th Oct. 2008 Mining and Environment in Brazil: Legal Framework, Po...
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Peiter Cetem

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Technical support devoted to small and artisanal mining clusters

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Peiter Cetem

  1. 1. Technical support devoted to small and artizanal mining clusters in Brazil 8th Annual CASM Conference Brasilia, 6 to 12 th Oct. 2008 Mining and Environment in Brazil: Legal Framework, Policy Aspects and Adding Value to Small Scale Mining Carlos C. Peiter Head of the ASM Clusters Dep. CETEM/MCT
  2. 2. Basic definitions on ASM Clusters <ul><li>Porter (2000) : “ A cluster is a geographically proximate group of companies and associated institutions in a particular field linked by commonalities and complementarities.” </li></ul><ul><li>(idem, 1999). Clusters have special conditions to enhance partnership and raise firms competitive conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian Government started to support ASM clusters after having an special expert report on their situation and perspectives (2003). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Supporting ASM Clusters <ul><li>Background conditions that pushed Federal Government to a new policy towards ASM were: </li></ul><ul><li>A strong commitment of the present government with poverty alleviation and job generation; </li></ul><ul><li>Natural and mineral resources weight considerably for a positive external trade balance ; </li></ul><ul><li>Micro and small enterprises are playing an increasing role in the country economy ; </li></ul><ul><li>ASM operations are raising and spread throughout the country but concentrated on less developed regions </li></ul>
  4. 4. ARRANJOS PRODUTIVOS LOCAIS DE BASE MINERAL Gemas e Jóias - MG # # Opala - Região Pedro II - PI Cerâmica Vermelha – CE Minerais Industriais – RN-PB Pedra Sabão – MG Gemas e Jóias - RS Gipsita-Gesso - PE Rocha Ornamental - ES Gemas e Jóias - Pará Calcário e Cal - PR Rocha Ornamental - RJ Ardósia – MG Quartzito – MG Cerâmica Vermelha - GO Rocha Ornamental - BA Cerâmica de Revestimento - SP Cerâmica de Revestimento - SC Some important artizanal and small mining clusters Cerâmica Vermelha-AP Cerâmica Vermelha -TO Calcários do Cariri - CE Cerâmica Vermelha - RN Cerâmica Vermelha - SE Cerâmica Vermelha - RJ Quartzito- GO Talco - PR Rocha Ornamental - SP Cerâmica Vermelha - AC Areia - SP
  5. 5. Usual ASM clusters problems <ul><li>Previous diagnosis studies on ASM Clusters (or APL in portuguese) in Brazil show some of the usual ASM problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Complex legal framework and expensive bureaucratic steps to follow </li></ul><ul><li>Use of low cost/rudimentary technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of access to loans </li></ul><ul><li>Low products prices due to poor quality features </li></ul><ul><li>Unfair environmental and health conditions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Technical support ASM Clusters Geological research (CPRM and State Geol.Agencies) 2- Mining technology (CETEM and partners) 3- Mineral processing (CETEM and partner) 4- ASM legalization procedures (DNPM, State Environ. Agencies and partners) 5- Cooperation between ASMiners in the clusters (SEBRAE, MME and partners) 6- Micro and small entreprises organization (SEBRAE)
  7. 7. CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Limestone ASM Cluster at Cariri Region, Ceara State <ul><li>Producers not legally established </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal fossils trading </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular products, without quality to supply market demands </li></ul><ul><li>High material losses (70%-90%) . Accumulated wastes: 1 M m 3 – 2,4 M t </li></ul><ul><li>Effects: environment, quarries development, security, competitiveness </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chapada do Araripe is a very well known research site for fossiles CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Limestone ASM Cluster at Cariri Region, Ceara State
  9. 9. <ul><li>Legal Formalization: </li></ul><ul><li>Producers Cooperative was formed </li></ul><ul><li>Mining Rights and legal permits </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise to protect paleontological heritage </li></ul><ul><li>T echnological improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Six special new finishing machines will be operated by the Cooperative </li></ul>CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Limestone ASM Cluster at Cariri Region, Ceara State
  10. 10. CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Limestone ASM Cluster at Cariri Region, Ceara State Local industr ies partnership: cement and mortar factories using limestone tailings
  11. 11. APL - OPALA - PI MINA BOI MORTO CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Opal ASM Cluster at Pedro II, Piaui State
  12. 12. APL - OPALA - PI MINA BOI MORTO <ul><li>Main problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous areas (tailings dump) </li></ul><ul><li>Low recovery by manual screening </li></ul><ul><li>Low opal selling values </li></ul>CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Opal ASM Cluster at Pedro II, Piaui State
  13. 13. CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Opal ASM Cluster at Pedro II, Piaui State
  14. 14. CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Opal ASM Cluster at Pedro II, Piaui State Benchs construction at the tailing dump at Boi Morto mine
  15. 15. CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Opal ASM Cluster at Pedro II, Piaui State Screening using a trommel device
  16. 16. CETEM Technical support to ASM Clusters The Natural Stone ASM Cluster at S.A. De Pádua, Rio de Janeiro State
  17. 17. The Natural Stone ASM Cluster at S.A. De Pádua, Rio de Janeiro State Stone cutting/sewing small plants using high volumes of water and brooks and ponds polution
  18. 18. An inexpensive chemical treatment was developed to recycle water separating fine solids The Natural Stone ASM Cluster at S.A. De Pádua, Rio de Janeiro State
  19. 19. The Natural Stone ASM Cluster at S.A. De Pádua, Rio de Janeiro State New technology: Use of natural stone fine solids on mortar composition
  20. 20. The Natural Stone ASM Cluster at S.A. De Pádua, Rio de Janeiro State Mortar plant was built and started up prodcution last june 2008
  21. 21. OBRIGADO ! 8th Annual CASM Conference Brasilia, 6 to 12 th Oct. 2008 Mining and Environment in Brazil: Legal Framework, Policy Aspects and Adding Value to Small Scale Mining

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