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Workshop 8  Policy Assessment and Development Peter Nelson - Facilitator Principal – Land Use Consultants UK 8th CASM Conf...
WORKSHOP SEQUENCE <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Setting the Scene </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul><ul><...
SETTING THE SCENE
SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES <ul><li>To review recent experience in minerals policy formulation and assessment with special refere...
Context <ul><li>ASM Represents: </li></ul><ul><li>15-20%  of Non-fuel Mineral Production world-wide. </li></ul><ul><li>13 ...
CASM Strategic Plan & Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>Goal 1  : Eradicate Extreme Hunger and Poverty </li></ul><ul><l...
Cycles in Mineral Activity <ul><li>Political, Mining and Economic Cycles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Stability, Mining...
Activity Cycles 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development
Legislative Hierarchy NATIONAL REGIONAL DISTRICT LOCAL Law, policy, guidelines, national institutions Self-Administration ...
Key Topics – National Level <ul><li>Macro-economic / Fiscal policies </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Reduction Strategies </li><...
Sustainable Mineral Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Develo...
Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global...
Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global...
Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global...
Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global...
Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global...
Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global...
Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global...
Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global...
District/ Local Level <ul><li>Organisation   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Associations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tenure </li></ul><u...
DETERMINING KEY ISSUES AND PRIORITIES FOR ACTION
Organisational Institutional Framework Framework <ul><li>Mining policy authority </li></ul><ul><li>Mining rights administr...
Preparing a Good Minerals Regime PRIORITIES FOR ACTION <ul><li>Preparing a good Minerals Policy?,  </li></ul><ul><li>Intro...
KEY ISSUES
<ul><li>Macro-economic Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Investment Community and Mining Companies </li></ul><ul><li>Taxation / ...
<ul><li>Participation in ownership? </li></ul><ul><li>Information access </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Assistance, </li></ul...
Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 PEOPLE ISSUES <ul><li>Mine...
Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 OTHER KEY ISSUES <ul><li>E...
STRATEGIC ASSESSMENT
What is Strategic Environmental Assesment (SEA)? <ul><li>“ A range of analytical and participatory approaches that aim to ...
The EIA-SEA-SA Family Environment Social Economic Environmental Impact  Assessment Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Develo...
The EIA-SEA-SA Family Environment Social Economic Environmental Impact  Assessment Strategic  Environmental  Assessment Wo...
The EIA-SEA-SA Family Environment Social Economic Environmental Impact  Assessment Strategic  Environmental  Assessment Su...
Tiering of SEA <ul><li>National Level  – Policy / Institutional SEAs of Mining Sector / Poverty Reduction Strategies </li>...
Typical Policy Formulation Process DEFINE THE PROBLEM SUMMARISE KEY ISSUES SET OUT A GOAL / VISION DEVELOP POLICY OPTIONS ...
Institutional SEA <ul><li>Situation Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Analysis </li...
COMMUNITY MINING AREAS AND IMPACT ZONES
1 2 3 POTENTIAL OPEN  PIT MINES WITH EIAS
1 2 3 CUMULATIVE EFFECTS
Challenges in Reform of ASM <ul><li>Exclusion   –  disadvantaged, health care, low wages </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding  ...
Thank You Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
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Transcript of "Nelson Policy Assessment And Development"

  1. 1. Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Peter Nelson - Facilitator Principal – Land Use Consultants UK 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development
  2. 2. WORKSHOP SEQUENCE <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Setting the Scene </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul><ul><li>SIERRA LEONE - Jonathan Pell </li></ul><ul><li>MONGOLIA - Batsaikhan Usukh </li></ul><ul><li>MADAGASCAR - Olivier Razafimandimby </li></ul><ul><li>Comments on Country Experience from other participants </li></ul><ul><li>Group Review </li></ul><ul><li> - Defining the Key Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>- What can CASM do to assist reform, development and assessment of mineral policies? </li></ul>Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  3. 3. SETTING THE SCENE
  4. 4. SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES <ul><li>To review recent experience in minerals policy formulation and assessment with special reference to ASM, </li></ul><ul><li>To debate priorities for action, </li></ul><ul><li>To make recommendations on the approach which CASM should follow in responding to these priorities. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide input to the African Union First Ministerial Conference on Mineral Wealth Development </li></ul>Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  5. 5. Context <ul><li>ASM Represents: </li></ul><ul><li>15-20% of Non-fuel Mineral Production world-wide. </li></ul><ul><li>13 million miners (men, women and children) in 30 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>80-100 million people depend on ASM for their livelihood. </li></ul>Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  6. 6. CASM Strategic Plan & Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>Goal 1 : Eradicate Extreme Hunger and Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 2 : Achieve Universal Primary Education </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 3 : Promote Gender Equity and Empower Women </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 4 : Reduce Child Mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 5 : Improve Maternal Health </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 6 : Combat HIV/AIDS, Maleria and Other Diseases, </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 7 : Ensure Environmental Sustainability, </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 8 : Deliver a Global Partnership for Development </li></ul>Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  7. 7. Cycles in Mineral Activity <ul><li>Political, Mining and Economic Cycles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Stability, Mining phases, Economic fluctuation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy and legislative Cycles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining Laws, Policies, Environment, Employment, Child Labour, Human Rights, Public Participation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seasonal Cycles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climatic, economic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Cycles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent, transient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shocks to the system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict, Disease, Boom & Bust </li></ul></ul>8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development
  8. 8. Activity Cycles 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development
  9. 9. Legislative Hierarchy NATIONAL REGIONAL DISTRICT LOCAL Law, policy, guidelines, national institutions Self-Administration in some countries District and Local Associations Self-Reliance Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  10. 10. Key Topics – National Level <ul><li>Macro-economic / Fiscal policies </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Reduction Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Mining Law and Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Change </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Supply/Demand </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul>8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development
  11. 11. Sustainable Mineral Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Weak Strong Environment Health Social Welfare Economy Natural Resources (NR)
  12. 12. Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global Economy / Markets GOVERNMENT Macro-economics Finance / Legal/ Large Scale Mining
  13. 13. Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global Economy / Markets GOVERNMENT Macro-economics Finance / Legal/ Large Scale Mining Environment Health Social Welfare Economy NR Natural Resources
  14. 14. Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global Economy / Markets GOVERNMENT Macro-economics Finance / Legal/ Large Scale Mining Environment Health Social Welfare Economy NR Natural Resources
  15. 15. Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global Economy / Markets GOVERNMENT Macro-economics Finance / Legal/ Social / Environmental/ Sector Policies Large Scale Mining Environment Health Social Welfare Economy NR Natural Resources
  16. 16. Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global Economy / Markets GOVERNMENT Macro-economics Finance / Legal/ Social / Environmental/ Sector Policies Large Scale Mining Environment Health Social Welfare Economy NR Natural Resources
  17. 17. Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global Economy / Markets Large Scale Mining ASM
  18. 18. Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global Economy / Markets Large Scale Mining ASM Environment Health Social Welfare Economy NR Natural Resources
  19. 19. Policy Interactions 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development Global Economy / Markets GOVERNMENT Macro-economics Finance / Legal/ Social / Environmental/ Sector Policies Large Scale Mining ASM Environment Health Social Welfare Economy NR Natural Resources
  20. 20. District/ Local Level <ul><li>Organisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Associations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tenure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mineral rights, pit ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health, Safety and Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mine safety, processing (mercury), </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gender Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Men / boys, women / girls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade and Finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing/ business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>investment </li></ul></ul>Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  21. 21. DETERMINING KEY ISSUES AND PRIORITIES FOR ACTION
  22. 22. Organisational Institutional Framework Framework <ul><li>Mining policy authority </li></ul><ul><li>Mining rights administration </li></ul><ul><li>Cadastral / Geological Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Mining Council </li></ul><ul><li>Miners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large-scale (Formal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium (Formal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small-scale (Semi Formal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artisanal (Informal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F.Loayza, G.Mahon World Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mining Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Mineral Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Access to land and water </li></ul><ul><li>Mining Taxation </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>FDI Regime </li></ul><ul><li>Property rights, contract law, judiciary, dispute resolution mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous peoples’ rights </li></ul><ul><li>Labour laws </li></ul>Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  23. 23. Preparing a Good Minerals Regime PRIORITIES FOR ACTION <ul><li>Preparing a good Minerals Policy?, </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing a Comprehensive Minerals Law and Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>C. Creating good conditions for foreign investment? </li></ul><ul><li>D. Formalising Mineral Rights? </li></ul><ul><li>E. Securing Access to land and water? </li></ul><ul><li>F. Introducing Equitable Mining Taxation? </li></ul><ul><li>G. Providing Strong Environmental Regulations? </li></ul><ul><li>H. Formalising property rights? </li></ul><ul><li>I. Improving Mine Health and Safety and Community Welfare? </li></ul><ul><li>J. Strengthen judiciary, and dispute resolution mechanisms? </li></ul><ul><li>K. Securing Stakeholder and community engagement? </li></ul><ul><li>L. Safeguarding Indigenous peoples’ rights? </li></ul><ul><li>M. Introducing effective Labour laws? </li></ul><ul><li>N. Reforming governance and implementation of policies / laws? </li></ul><ul><li>Managing markets and fair trade? </li></ul>Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  24. 24. KEY ISSUES
  25. 25. <ul><li>Macro-economic Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Investment Community and Mining Companies </li></ul><ul><li>Taxation / Capital Allowances / Tax Rates / Royalties / Exploration Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Requirements: Levels of taxation / Risk sharing Mineral rights </li></ul><ul><li>Mineral Rights: - Ownership Private v. State </li></ul><ul><li>Jurisdictions </li></ul><ul><li>Disclosure of Information </li></ul>Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 BUSINESS CLIMATE AND MINERAL DEVELOPMENT
  26. 26. <ul><li>Participation in ownership? </li></ul><ul><li>Information access </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Assistance, </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation, </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Standards, </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Management </li></ul>Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 BUSINESS CLIMATE AND SMALL SCALE MINING
  27. 27. Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 PEOPLE ISSUES <ul><li>Mine Health and Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Human Resource Development </li></ul><ul><li>Housing and Living Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Migrant Labour </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Relations and Employment Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Downscaling </li></ul>
  28. 28. Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 OTHER KEY ISSUES <ul><li>Environmental Performance Standards </li></ul><ul><li>International / Cross Border Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Governance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation and Promotion, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of National, Provincial and Municipal government, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stakeholder Consultation </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. STRATEGIC ASSESSMENT
  30. 30. What is Strategic Environmental Assesment (SEA)? <ul><li>“ A range of analytical and participatory approaches that aim to integrate environmental considerations into policies, plans and programmes and evaluates inter linkages with economic and social considerations” </li></ul><ul><li> OECD-DAC Guidance </li></ul>8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  31. 31. The EIA-SEA-SA Family Environment Social Economic Environmental Impact Assessment Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  32. 32. The EIA-SEA-SA Family Environment Social Economic Environmental Impact Assessment Strategic Environmental Assessment Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  33. 33. The EIA-SEA-SA Family Environment Social Economic Environmental Impact Assessment Strategic Environmental Assessment Sustainability Appraisal Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  34. 34. Tiering of SEA <ul><li>National Level – Policy / Institutional SEAs of Mining Sector / Poverty Reduction Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Level – Programmatic/ landuse based SEAs of Large and Small-scale Mining and related activities </li></ul><ul><li>District level – Community based SEA of Artisanal mining </li></ul><ul><li>Project Level – EIAs of individual mines </li></ul>Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  35. 35. Typical Policy Formulation Process DEFINE THE PROBLEM SUMMARISE KEY ISSUES SET OUT A GOAL / VISION DEVELOP POLICY OPTIONS DRAFT POLICIES DEBATE DRAFT POLICY APPROVE POLICY REFINE POLICY Introducing SEA to Policy Formulation Process SCOPE BASELINE ANALYSIS ALTERNATIVES MONITOR RESULTS PREPARE REPORT CONFIRM DECISIONS P P P 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
  36. 36. Institutional SEA <ul><li>Situation Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritisation of Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of Policy Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations on Policy reform </li></ul>
  37. 37. COMMUNITY MINING AREAS AND IMPACT ZONES
  38. 38. 1 2 3 POTENTIAL OPEN PIT MINES WITH EIAS
  39. 39. 1 2 3 CUMULATIVE EFFECTS
  40. 40. Challenges in Reform of ASM <ul><li>Exclusion – disadvantaged, health care, low wages </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding – better data </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Change – decentralisation, status of ASM </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge-Building – training skills, market information </li></ul><ul><li>Accessing Finance – credit, equipment loans </li></ul><ul><li>Communication – right to be informed and consulted </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability – livelihoods diversification </li></ul>8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008 Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development
  41. 41. Thank You Workshop 8 Policy Assessment and Development 8th CASM Conference – BRASILIA – 6-12 October 2008
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