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Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO
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Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO

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Martin Hahn, International Labor Organization

Martin Hahn, International Labor Organization

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Transcript

  • 1.
    • The ILO and small-scale mining
    Martin Georg Hahn International Labour Office
  • 2. Introduction
    • International Labour Organization (ILO)
      • UN specialised agency
      • Seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights
      • Unique tripartite structure
        • Workers
        • Employers
        • Governments
  • 3. ILO – main areas of work
    • International Labour Standards
    • Employment
    • Social protection
      • eg. occupational safety and health, social security
    • Social dialogue
      • Employers’ organizations, trade unions
      • Sectoral social dialogue
  • 4. ILO and mining
    • International Labour Conferences
      • Minimum Age (Industry) Convention, 1919 (No.5)
      • Hours of Work (Coal Mines) Convention, 1931 (No.31)
    • Industrial committees
      • 1944 decision to establish seven industrial committees
        • Textiles; Coalmining; Inland transport; Iron and steel production; Metal trades; Petroleum production and refining; Building, civil engineering and public works
    • Tripartite sectoral meetings
      • Tripartite Meeting on Social and Labour Issues in Small-scale Mines, 1999
      • Tripartite Meeting on the Evolution of Employment, Working Time and Training in the Mining Industry, 2002
      • Meeting of Experts on Safety and Health in Coalmines, 2006
  • 5. Means of action
    • In order to improve working conditions, the ILO typically provides/carries out
      • Technical assistance
        • Including development of guidance/reference materials
      • Technical cooperation
  • 6. The basis of ILO’s work: ILS
    • International Labour Standards are expressions of international tripartite agreement on a matter
    • Conventions
      • International treaties, subject to ratification
      • Create binding obligations under International Law
      • Might require Member States to amend their national legislation
    • Recommendations
      • Set out guidelines which can orient national policy and action
      • Often complement Conventions
  • 7. ILS relevant to ASM
    • Child labour
      • Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No.138)
      • Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No.182)
    • Occupational safety and health
      • Among many others:
        • Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 (No.155)
        • Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No.176)
    • Indigenous people
      • The Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No.169)
  • 8. Examples of ILO’s work
    • Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No.176)
      • Small-scale mining
        • Handbook safety & health in small-scale surface mines
      • LSM
        • Tripartite workshops
        • Codes of practice (such as: COP on safety and health in underground coalmines, or COP on open-pit mining); and
        • Guidelines (including Guidelines on HIV/AIDS for the mining sector).
    • Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No.169)
      • Compendium of examples of good practice
  • 9. Child labour
    • Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No.138); and
    • Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No.182)
    • World Day against Child Labour 2005
    • Call for Action: Minors out of Mining!
      • Elimination of child labour in ASM by 2015
      • Target countries: Brazil, Burkina Faso, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ecuador, Ghana, Mali, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, and Togo
  • 10. IPEC Strategy
    • Creation of an enabling environment for the elimination of child labour
      • Knowledge generation
      • Awareness-raising
      • Education
      • Capacity building
    • Main elements
      • Removal and rehabilitation
      • Provision of educational alternatives
      • Income generation for families
  • 11. Time-bound programmes
    • Comprehensive framework
      • Set of integrated and coordinated policies and interventions with clear goals, specific targets and a defined time frame, aimed at preventing and eliminating a country’s worst forms of child labour.
    • TBPs emphasize the need to address the root causes of child labour
    • TBPs are linked to national development policies, macro-economic trends and strategies
      • Particular emphasis on economic and social policies to combat poverty and to promote universal basic education and social mobilization.
  • 12. Work in Brazil related to ASM
    • Child labour
      • Time bound programme for the elimination of child labour
      • Decent Work Programme for Bahia State
      • Continued work on the list of hazardous occupations (required by C.182)
    • Silicosis
      • National plan for the elimination of silicosis (PNES)
  • 13. Thank you
    • For further information
    • www. oitbrasil .org. br
    • www. ilo .org/ ipec
    • www. ilo .org/sector

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