Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO


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Martin Hahn, International Labor Organization

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Call to Action on Child Labour –ILO

  1. 1. <ul><li>The ILO and small-scale mining </li></ul>Martin Georg Hahn International Labour Office
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>International Labour Organization (ILO) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UN specialised agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique tripartite structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Employers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Governments </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. ILO – main areas of work <ul><li>International Labour Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Social protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eg. occupational safety and health, social security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social dialogue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employers’ organizations, trade unions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectoral social dialogue </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. ILO and mining <ul><li>International Labour Conferences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum Age (Industry) Convention, 1919 (No.5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hours of Work (Coal Mines) Convention, 1931 (No.31) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrial committees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1944 decision to establish seven industrial committees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Textiles; Coalmining; Inland transport; Iron and steel production; Metal trades; Petroleum production and refining; Building, civil engineering and public works </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tripartite sectoral meetings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tripartite Meeting on Social and Labour Issues in Small-scale Mines, 1999 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tripartite Meeting on the Evolution of Employment, Working Time and Training in the Mining Industry, 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting of Experts on Safety and Health in Coalmines, 2006 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Means of action <ul><li>In order to improve working conditions, the ILO typically provides/carries out </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Including development of guidance/reference materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical cooperation </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The basis of ILO’s work: ILS <ul><li>International Labour Standards are expressions of international tripartite agreement on a matter </li></ul><ul><li>Conventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International treaties, subject to ratification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create binding obligations under International Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Might require Member States to amend their national legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set out guidelines which can orient national policy and action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often complement Conventions </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. ILS relevant to ASM <ul><li>Child labour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No.138) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No.182) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Occupational safety and health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Among many others: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 (No.155) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No.176) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Indigenous people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No.169) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Examples of ILO’s work <ul><li>Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No.176) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small-scale mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Handbook safety & health in small-scale surface mines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LSM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tripartite workshops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Codes of practice (such as: COP on safety and health in underground coalmines, or COP on open-pit mining); and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guidelines (including Guidelines on HIV/AIDS for the mining sector). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No.169) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compendium of examples of good practice </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Child labour <ul><li>Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No.138); and </li></ul><ul><li>Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No.182) </li></ul><ul><li>World Day against Child Labour 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Call for Action: Minors out of Mining! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elimination of child labour in ASM by 2015 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Target countries: Brazil, Burkina Faso, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ecuador, Ghana, Mali, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, and Togo </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. IPEC Strategy <ul><li>Creation of an enabling environment for the elimination of child labour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness-raising </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal and rehabilitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of educational alternatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Income generation for families </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Time-bound programmes <ul><li>Comprehensive framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set of integrated and coordinated policies and interventions with clear goals, specific targets and a defined time frame, aimed at preventing and eliminating a country’s worst forms of child labour. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TBPs emphasize the need to address the root causes of child labour </li></ul><ul><li>TBPs are linked to national development policies, macro-economic trends and strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Particular emphasis on economic and social policies to combat poverty and to promote universal basic education and social mobilization. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Work in Brazil related to ASM <ul><li>Child labour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time bound programme for the elimination of child labour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decent Work Programme for Bahia State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continued work on the list of hazardous occupations (required by C.182) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Silicosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National plan for the elimination of silicosis (PNES) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Thank you <ul><li>For further information </li></ul><ul><li>www. oitbrasil .org. br </li></ul><ul><li>www. ilo .org/ ipec </li></ul><ul><li>www. ilo .org/sector </li></ul>