Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Egmont – Royal Institute For International Relations,
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Egmont – Royal Institute For International Relations,


Published on

Published in: Business, Technology

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. EGMONT – Royal Institute for International Relations, Belgium Central Africa Program Koen Vlassenroot, Steven Van Bockstael
  • 2.
    • Conflict Diamonds: the Kimberley Process as an international, multistakeholder response.
    • Weak internal controls in artisanal diamond producing countries (eg. Ghana) threaten integrity and effectivity of the KPCS
    • Moscow Declaration 2005, creation of WGAAP
    • Belgian FPS FA commissioned EGMONT to study these dynamics
  • 3.
    • Two objectives:
      • Strengthen KPCS integrity by improving control over informal extraction and trade
      • Improve social and economic situation of artisanal diamond diggers, miners; encourage positive role of ASM in driving rural development
    • Cooperation with WGAAP, CASM
    • Strenght in combination:two desired outcomes, one set of measures
  • 4.
    • Research project
      • Existing literature
      • Newly commissioned field research
    • Three phases
      • General research
      • Critical review of past diamond development programs
      • Validation, conclusions
  • 5.
    • Current status
      • Research completed
      • Validation workshop held in Pretoria, 15-16 Sept 08
      • Drafting publication
    • Official presentation at KP Plenary, New Delhi (3 november 08), by Belgian FA minister
  • 6.
    • Research includes:
      • Geological analysis of transborder mining, case study Berbérati-Yokadouma-Enyele (CAR, RCongo, Cameroun)
      • Anthropological study on how this affects communities. The bana Lunda: Congolese artisans in Angola during civil war
  • 7.
    • State capacity in Africa: key governance issues, challenges, approaches:
      • Monitoring mining and trading
      • Formalising the sector
      • Establishing internal controls (KP)
    • Study on cooperatives in Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana
      • Key factors driving coop development, organization and structure, services
      • Lessons for African cooperative development?
  • 8.
    • Significant wage differences between African/Latin-American diggers
      • Why? Examination of value-chain, price mark-ups as diamonds travel their paths
    • Diamonds in Mbuji-Mayi (DRC), attention for grass-roots initiatives
    • Ghanaian diamond industry: GCD cooperation with galamsey , smuggling of Ivorian conflict diamonds.
    • Interventions in the artisanal diamond secor
      • PDA/IDMP, Sierra Leone
      • D4D, Liberia
  • 9.
    • KP Moscow Declaration, 2005 Recommendations
      • Ensuring traceability of production from mine to export
      • Regulating artisanal mining
      • Regulating the trade in artisanal mining
      • Tackling illicit cross-border trade
      • Encouraging artisans to move into the formal economy
  • 10.
    • Contribution of Egmont to the KPCS and artisanal diamond mining
      • Support to the WGAAP in implementing Moscow Recommendations
        • Case studies of different strategies
        • Evaluation of past interventions
        • Lessons learned, reflecting in improved and more balanced recommendations
      • Positive effect of KP requirements on ASM communities
        • Formalization can lead to retaining more money inside the country, stimulating development
        • Improves social/eco capital of mining communities, reducing vulnerability to exploitation
  • 11.
    • Contact:
    • Steven Van Bockstael
    • [email_address]