Bourassa Forum On Mining Minerals Metals And Sustainable Development

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  • The theme of the presentation is the Forum and the UNCSD. The Forum and UNCSD are intertwined. To understand one, you need to understand the other.
  • Bourassa Forum On Mining Minerals Metals And Sustainable Development

    1. 1. Intergovernmental Forum on Mining/Minerals/Metals and Sustainable Development Andre Bourassa Secretariat of the Forum
    2. 2. Mining State of Play Circa 2000 <ul><li>The WB Extractive Industries Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs campaign for WB to get out of EI </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GMI and MMSD </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The industry response to growing sector issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The UN system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining always identified as problem in UN documents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where are national governments in these debates? Concerns expressed to Canada </li></ul>
    3. 3. Mining State of Play Circa 2000 <ul><li>Development needed for poverty alleviation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Priority for developing countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development needs to be sustainable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be competitive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparative advantage: mineral endowment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to maximize benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lessons learned on mining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining can be sustainable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Canada , Australia, Chile, Botswana, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If it is done right, i.e. good governance by national governments </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Responding to National Governments <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Owners of the mineral resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managers of the resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected and mandated by their citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountable for the way resources used </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Giving a voice to gvt views and interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working and learning together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participating actively in policy debates, and showing progress </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. The World Summit Strategy <ul><li>Introduce positive yet balanced mining focused text in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirm that mining can contribute to SD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raise key issues that need to be addressed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop a Forum for gvts to work together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Dialogue on mining/metals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reflecting on the best way to work together </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decision to establish the Intergovernmental Forum </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. The Intergovernmental Forum <ul><li>Inaugurated in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Nature: voluntary, advisory and consultative </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: promote contribution of MMM to SD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Respond to priorities of the mining section of JPOI </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How? By enhancing capacity for governance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing lessons learned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying opportunities and responding to challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing recommendations on best practices to address issues (social, environmental and economic issues) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working with other regional intergovernmental organizations </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. The Intergovernmental Forum <ul><li>Membership: National governments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministries responsible for mining (42 members) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always looking for new members </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Observers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multilateral and international agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-member governments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National delegations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can include stakeholders: industry, NGOs, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canada provides secretariat for first five years </li></ul><ul><li>Sunset clause </li></ul>
    8. 8. Expected Results of the Forum <ul><li>Enhanced national governance of the sector </li></ul><ul><li>Better distribution of short and long-term benefits </li></ul><ul><li>More policy influence by ministries for mines </li></ul><ul><li>More international support for capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>More effective and timely government responses to sector challenges </li></ul><ul><li>More positive investment climate </li></ul>
    9. 9. Work of the Forum to Date <ul><li>The national mining policy framework: priorities, data collection and management </li></ul><ul><li>Template for a mineral policy framework </li></ul><ul><li>Framework on investor’s perception of country risks </li></ul><ul><li>Country perceptions of investors risks </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental impact assessment: elements and process </li></ul>
    10. 10. Work of the Forum to date <ul><li>Policies that best assure equitable local, regional and national distribution of benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Financial surety and environmental protection: mine rehabilitation and closure </li></ul><ul><li>Generating benefits from mining investments </li></ul><ul><li>Communities and mining </li></ul><ul><li>To come in 2008: fiscal frameworks and </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment and revenue sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mine closure and abandoned mines </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. A UNCSD strategy <ul><li>From the Johannesburg World Summit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Johannesburg Plan of Implementation: Paragraph 46 on mining/metals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forum is an outcome of the Summit, recognized by ECOSOC; must report </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To the UNCSD Review 2010-11 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2010: progress achieved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2011: the way forward </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Set the way forward for whole UN system </li></ul>
    12. 12. Forum UNCSD objectives <ul><li>Demonstrate the value of the Forum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In responding to Para 46 and sector priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Active participation by governments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Document progress/ needs at national level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enhance influence of governments on global policy development and debates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National governments are policy leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Propose a way forward to the UN system </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Role for Governments <ul><li>Include a report on mining in UNCSD national report for 2010 and 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and promote national outcomes and views in national report </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in development of policy framework and express support at UNCSD 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Number of gvts is critical for influence </li></ul>
    14. 14. Working with Others <ul><li>Other intergovernmental organizations, e.g. Africa Mining Partnership. ECLAC, UNECA, CASM, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Other national governments not members of the Forum </li></ul><ul><li>Multilateral organizations, e.g. World Bank, UNCTAD, UNDESA </li></ul><ul><li>Other stakeholders on their delegation: contribution and support </li></ul>
    15. 15. Policy Framework <ul><li>Cover entire sector life cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exploration to metals, waste, recycling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Address all sector issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic, social, environmental, health, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two components </li></ul><ul><ul><li>List of policy elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion of individual policy elements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Forum or national governments document? </li></ul>
    16. 16. Parallel Events at UNCSD <ul><li>Events on the margins of the main meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops to document progress or issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic, social, environmental, CASM, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case studies, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessons learned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategies in place for continuing progress </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cover the whole life cycle </li></ul><ul><li>All interested parties contribute </li></ul>
    17. 17. Next Forum Meeting <ul><li>Geneva November 24-26, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing for UNCSD is one of the three major themes of the meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Need to agree on who does what for UNCSD </li></ul><ul><li>Welcome to participate </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>www.globaldialogue.info </li></ul>For More Information

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