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The Road to the UNCSD 2010/11 intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development

The Road to the UNCSD 2010/11 intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development

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  • The theme of the presentation is the Forum and the UNCSD. The Forum and UNCSD are intertwined. To understand one, you need to understand the other.

Andre Bourassa, Natural Resources Canada, Andre Bourassa, Natural Resources Canada, Presentation Transcript

  • Intergovernmental Forum on Mining/Minerals/Metals and Sustainable Development Andre Bourassa Secretariat of the Forum
  • Mining State of Play Circa 2000
    • The WB Extractive Industries Review
      • NGOs campaign for WB to get out of EI
    • GMI and MMSD
        • The industry response to growing sector issues
    • The UN system
      • Mining always identified as problem in UN documents
    • Where are national governments in these debates? Concerns expressed to Canada
  • Mining State of Play Circa 2000
    • Development needed for poverty alleviation
      • Priority for developing countries
    • Development needs to be sustainable
      • Must be competitive
      • Comparative advantage: mineral endowment
      • Need to maximize benefits
    • Lessons learned on mining
      • Mining can be sustainable
        • Canada , Australia, Chile, Botswana, etc.
      • If it is done right, i.e. good governance by national governments
  • Responding to National Governments
    • Why?
      • Owners of the mineral resource
      • Managers of the resource
      • Elected and mandated by their citizens
      • Accountable for the way resources used
    • How
      • Giving a voice to gvt views and interests
      • Working and learning together
      • Participating actively in policy debates, and showing progress
  • The World Summit Strategy
    • Introduce positive yet balanced mining focused text in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI)
      • Confirm that mining can contribute to SD
      • Raise key issues that need to be addressed
    • Develop a Forum for gvts to work together
      • Global Dialogue on mining/metals
        • Reflecting on the best way to work together
        • Decision to establish the Intergovernmental Forum
  • The Intergovernmental Forum
    • Inaugurated in 2005
    • Nature: voluntary, advisory and consultative
    • Objective: promote contribution of MMM to SD
      • Respond to priorities of the mining section of JPOI
    • How? By enhancing capacity for governance
      • Sharing lessons learned
      • Identifying opportunities and responding to challenges
      • Providing recommendations on best practices to address issues (social, environmental and economic issues)
      • Working with other regional intergovernmental organizations
  • The Intergovernmental Forum
    • Membership: National governments
      • Ministries responsible for mining (42 members)
      • Always looking for new members
    • Observers
      • Multilateral and international agencies
      • Non-member governments
    • National delegations
      • Can include stakeholders: industry, NGOs, etc.
    • Canada provides secretariat for first five years
    • Sunset clause
  • Expected Results of the Forum
    • Enhanced national governance of the sector
    • Better distribution of short and long-term benefits
    • More policy influence by ministries for mines
    • More international support for capacity building
    • More effective and timely government responses to sector challenges
    • More positive investment climate
  • Work of the Forum to Date
    • The national mining policy framework: priorities, data collection and management
    • Template for a mineral policy framework
    • Framework on investor’s perception of country risks
    • Country perceptions of investors risks
    • Environmental impact assessment: elements and process
  • Work of the Forum to date
    • Policies that best assure equitable local, regional and national distribution of benefits
    • Financial surety and environmental protection: mine rehabilitation and closure
    • Generating benefits from mining investments
    • Communities and mining
    • To come in 2008: fiscal frameworks and
      • Investment and revenue sharing
      • Mine closure and abandoned mines
  • A UNCSD strategy
    • From the Johannesburg World Summit
      • Johannesburg Plan of Implementation: Paragraph 46 on mining/metals
      • Forum is an outcome of the Summit, recognized by ECOSOC; must report
    • To the UNCSD Review 2010-11
      • 2010: progress achieved
      • 2011: the way forward
    • Set the way forward for whole UN system
  • Forum UNCSD objectives
    • Demonstrate the value of the Forum
      • In responding to Para 46 and sector priorities
    • Active participation by governments
      • Document progress/ needs at national level
    • Enhance influence of governments on global policy development and debates
      • National governments are policy leaders
      • Propose a way forward to the UN system
  • Role for Governments
    • Include a report on mining in UNCSD national report for 2010 and 2011
    • Identify and promote national outcomes and views in national report
    • Participate in development of policy framework and express support at UNCSD 2011
    • Number of gvts is critical for influence
  • Working with Others
    • Other intergovernmental organizations, e.g. Africa Mining Partnership. ECLAC, UNECA, CASM, etc.
    • Other national governments not members of the Forum
    • Multilateral organizations, e.g. World Bank, UNCTAD, UNDESA
    • Other stakeholders on their delegation: contribution and support
  • Policy Framework
    • Cover entire sector life cycle
        • Exploration to metals, waste, recycling
    • Address all sector issues
      • Economic, social, environmental, health, etc.
    • Two components
      • List of policy elements
      • Discussion of individual policy elements
    • A Forum or national governments document?
  • Parallel Events at UNCSD
    • Events on the margins of the main meeting
    • Workshops to document progress or issues
      • Economic, social, environmental, CASM, etc.
      • Case studies, etc.
      • Lessons learned
      • Strategies in place for continuing progress
    • Cover the whole life cycle
    • All interested parties contribute
  • Next Forum Meeting
    • Geneva November 24-26, 2008
    • Preparing for UNCSD is one of the three major themes of the meeting
    • Need to agree on who does what for UNCSD
    • Welcome to participate
    • www.globaldialogue.info
    For More Information